Ultrasound indications, contraindications and therapeutic effects

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Scott Giles v2009 page 210 - 211

Thermal therapeutic effect

Intensity(Continuous)
0.5 W/cm2 - 1.0 - 2.0 W/cm2

Thermal therapeutic effect

100% duty cycle

Thermal therapeutic effect

increase extensibility of collagen structures, decrease joint stiffness

Thermal therapeutic effect

pain relief, increase blood flow, decrease muscle spasms

Non- thermal therapeutic effect

(pulsed) 0.5 - 1.00 W/cm2

Non- thermal therapeutic effect

20% duty cycle

Non- thermal therapeutic effect

stimulation of tissue regeneration, delayed tissue healing
prolonged inflammation

Non- thermal therapeutic effect

increase macrophage responsiveness, and pain relief

Non- thermal therapeutic effect

soft tissue repair, and increase blood flow

Non- thermal therapeutic effect

increase skin and cell membrane permeability

Ultrasound indications

soft tissue repair, contracture

Ultrasound indications

bone fracture & dermal ulcer

Ultrasound indications

scar tissue, pain

Ultrasound indications

plantar wart

Ultrasound indications

muscle spasms

Ultrasound contraindications

over eyes, over pregnant uterus

Ultrasound contraindications

over cemented prosthetic joint

Ultrasound contraindications

impaired circulation

Ultrasound contraindications

thrombophlebitis

Ultrasound contraindications

impaired pain or temperature sensory deficits

Ultrasound contraindications

over heart

Ultrasound contraindications

over testes

Ultrasound contraindications

over epiphyseal areas in children

Ultrasound contraindications

infection

Ultrasound contraindications

malignancy

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