5 Written questions
2 Matching questions
- a Which of the following BEST explains why stress heightens vulnerability to bacterial and viral infections?
A. Stress hormones accelerate the "hardening" of the arteries.
B. Stress hormones facilitate the depositing of cholesterol and fat around the heart.
C. Stress hormones suppress the production of lymphocytes.
D. Stress hormones trigger the release of carcinogens.
- b After she received a free hand-painted Christmas ornament from a religious organization, Mrs. Montevecchi felt obligated to mail a cash donation to the organization. Her response to the free gift best illustrates the impact of the
A. mere exposure effect.
B. just-world phenomenon.
C. fundamental attribution error.
D. reciprocity norm.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Comedy routines that are mildly amusing to people in an uncrowded room seem funnier in a densely packed room. This is best explained in terms of
A. the mere exposure effect.
B. social facilitation.
C. the bystander effect.
D. ingroup bias.
- Overestimating the extent to which others notice and evaluate our appearance and performance is called
A. external locus of control.
B. self-serving bias.
C. the spotlight effect.
- Sasha believes that the questions on school tests are so unrelated to course work that studying is useless. Sasha's belief most clearly illustrates
A. reciprocal determinism.
B. the false consensus effect.
C. an external locus of control.
D. the spotlight effect.
- Rannilt was euphoric after learning that she had been accepted by the medical school of her choice. After a few weeks, however, she is only mildly excited when she thinks about her admission to medical school. This change in her feelings can best be explained in terms of
A. the catharsis hypothesis.
B. relative deprivation.
C. the feel-good, do-good phenomenon.
D. the adaptation-level phenomenon.
- The basic components of emotion are
A. sympathetic arousal, parasympathetic inhibition, and cognitive labeling.
B. physical gestures, facial expressions, and psychological drives.
C. expressive behaviors, physiological arousal, and conscious experience.
D. cognition, affect, and behavior.
5 True/False questions
B → In Milgram's obedience experiments, "teachers" were MOST likely to deliver high levels of shock when
A. the experimenter was perceived to be an ordinary college student like themselves.
B. the "learner" was placed in a different room from the "teacher."
C. they saw that other "learners" disobeyed the experimenter.
D. they saw how "learners" who disobeyed the experimenter were punished.
A → Social loafing is MOST likely to occur among
A. audience members who are asked to applaud after a speaker is introduced.
B. factory workers paid on the basis of individual level of productivity.
C. a group of runners competing for first place in a race.
D. students who are each assigned a different topic for their course term papers.
D → Which of the following comments is most likely to be made in a group characterized by groupthink?
A. "To proceed democratically, we need to know the honest opinions of all group members."
B. "We all seem to be in basic agreement, so there's no sense in continuing our discussion of this issue."
C. "Do any of you see any potential problem with our group's position?"
D. "As a group, we have to think carefully about all the pros and cons surrounding this issue."
A → Ellie is unusually attractive and intelligent, and she works hard to please her husband. He displays little affection for her, however, and spends most of the family's resources on his own interests. Ellie's relationship with her husband is best characterized as
A → A loss of perceived control tends to result in
A. low blood pressure.
B. reduced immune responses.
C. problem-focused coping.
D. low blood sugar levels.