5 Written Questions
3 Matching Questions
- a Social loafing is MOST likely to occur among
A. audience members who are asked to applaud after a speaker is introduced.
B. factory workers paid on the basis of individual level of productivity.
C. a group of runners competing for first place in a race.
D. students who are each assigned a different topic for their course term papers.
- b Men and women students watched film clips that were sad, happy, or frightening. Measures taken during their viewing of films showed that the genders differed the most in their
A. self-reported emotions.
B. changes in heart rate.
C. facial expressions of emotion.
D. changes in respiration.
- c Cameron, a 50-year-old electrician, opens his pay envelope and, to his surprise, finds a pink slip inside indicating that he has been fired from his job. Which phase of the general adaptation syndrome is Cameron most likely experiencing?
B. alarm reaction
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- At a conscious level, Aaron doesn't think he's prejudiced. Yet he automatically feels uncomfortable in situations where he has to interact with people of different races from his own. Aaron's experience best illustrates the distinction between
A. equity and self-disclosure.
B. situational and dispositional attributions.
C. explicit and implicit attitudes.
D. normative and informational social influence.
- Which of the following comments is most likely to be made in a group characterized by groupthink?
A. "To proceed democratically, we need to know the honest opinions of all group members."
B. "We all seem to be in basic agreement, so there's no sense in continuing our discussion of this issue."
C. "Do any of you see any potential problem with our group's position?"
D. "As a group, we have to think carefully about all the pros and cons surrounding this issue."
- The tendency to accept favorable descriptions of one's personality that could really be applied to almost anyone is known as
A. the Barnum effect.
C. the spotlight effect.
D. unconditional positive regard.
- If you mimic another person's facial expressions of emotion, you probably will feel increasing empathy for that person. This is best explained in terms of
A. the catharsis hypothesis.
B. relative deprivation.
C. the James-Lange theory.
D. the feel-good, do-good phenomenon.
- People tend to perceive the members of an outgroup as ________ each other and the members of an ingroup as ________ each other.
A. different from; similar to
B. similar to; different from
C. similar to; similar to
D. different from; different from
5 True/False Questions
C → Which of the following would be the best advice to give parents who are concerned about the frequent aggressive outbursts of their 6-year-old son?
A. "Make a point of rewarding and praising your son whenever he is socially cooperative and altruistic."
B. "Be consistent in spanking your child after every outburst so he'll realize that aggression never pays."
C. "Encourage your son to watch the devastating consequences of violence portrayed on TV."
D. "Don't be concerned about your child's aggressiveness, unless the behavior pattern continues beyond the fifth grade."
A → Which of the following BEST explains why stress heightens vulnerability to bacterial and viral infections?
A. Stress hormones accelerate the "hardening" of the arteries.
B. Stress hormones facilitate the depositing of cholesterol and fat around the heart.
C. Stress hormones suppress the production of lymphocytes.
D. Stress hormones trigger the release of carcinogens.
D → When 68-year-old Mrs. Blake had a flat tire on a fairly isolated highway, she received help from a passerby in less than 10 minutes. One year later, when she had a flat tire on a busy freeway, an hour elapsed before someone finally stopped to offer assistance. Mrs. Blake's experience best illustrates
A. the fundamental attribution error.
B. the mere exposure effect.
C. group polarization.
D. the bystander effect.
A → The Y chromosome is the most well-known genetic marker identifying those who are most likely to
A. form stereotypes.
B. engage in aggression.
C. experience cognitive dissonance.
D. commit the fundamental attribution error.
D → Attribution theory was designed to account for
A. the process of revealing intimate aspects of ourselves to others.
B. the impact of both heredity and environment on social behavior.
C. the loss of self-awareness that occurs in group situations.
D. how people explain others' behavior.