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5 Written questions

3 Matching questions

  1. B
  2. C
  3. D
  1. a Your book reports that people who are high in agreeableness tend to use positive emotion words in text messaging. Which of the following can be accurately concluded from this finding?
    A. That agreeableness causes positive emotions.
    B. That highly agreeable people tend to text more than others.
    C. That personality is the cause of behavior.
    D. That use of positive emotion words in texts are associated with the trait of agreeableness.
  2. b The Y chromosome is the most well-known genetic marker identifying those who are most likely to
    A. form stereotypes.
    B. engage in aggression.
    C. experience cognitive dissonance.
    D. commit the fundamental attribution error.
  3. c Research on nonverbal communication indicates thatL
    A. very young children's facial expressions of emotion are difficult to interpret.
    B. children learn the facial expressions associated with emotion by observing adults.
    C. blind children who have never observed others demonstrate normal facial expressions of emotion.
    D. boys are better than girls at recognizing nonverbal expressions of emotion.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Natasha and Dimitri have a fulfilling marital relationship because they readily confide their deepest hopes and fears to each other. This best illustrates the value of
    A. passionate love.
    B. social facilitation.
    C. self-disclosure.
    D. the mere exposure effect.
  2. Trait theorists are more concerned with ________ personality than with ________ it.
    A. predicting; assessing
    B. describing; explaining
    C. changing; analyzing
    D. interpreting; observing
  3. A friend's misdeed is especially likely to trigger feelings of anger if the misdeed is perceived as
    A. a spontaneous remission.
    B. a spillover effect.
    C. cathartic.
    D. willful.
  4. Rannilt was euphoric after learning that she had been accepted by the medical school of her choice. After a few weeks, however, she is only mildly excited when she thinks about her admission to medical school. This change in her feelings can best be explained in terms of
    A. the catharsis hypothesis.
    B. relative deprivation.
    C. the feel-good, do-good phenomenon.
    D. the adaptation-level phenomenon.
  5. Carl Rogers referred to an attitude of total acceptance toward another person as
    A. the spotlight effect.
    B. unconditional positive regard.
    C. self-actualization.
    D. free association.

5 True/False questions

  1. AVolunteers who participated in an eight-week course of meditation training exhibited increased levels of the ______ activity associated with positive emotions.
    A. left hemisphere
    B. right hemisphere
    C. somatic nervous system
    D. autonomic nervous system


  2. CResearch on stressful life events indicates that
    A. those who live a relatively peaceful, monastic life actually suffer a higher-than-average rate of heart attacks.
    B. those who have been recently widowed, fired, or divorced are more vulnerable to disease.
    C. survivors of a natural disaster are immunized against stress and have fewer long-term health problems.
    D. all of these statements are true.


  3. DIf one were to generalize from Sherif's study of conflict resolution between two groups of campers, the best way for the United States and China to improve their relationship would be to
    A. hold highly publicized athletic contests between the two countries.
    B. minimize their trade and economic exchanges.
    C. conduct a joint space program designed to land humans on Mars.
    D. allow citizens of each country the right to freely immigrate to the other country.


  4. CThe person-situation controversy involves a debate regarding the influence of ________ and ________ on behavior.
    A. self-concept; self-esteem
    B. optimism; pessimism
    C. environments; traits
    D. the real self; the ideal self


  5. AHaley thinks Keith's silence indicates that he's angry, so she avoids talking to him. Unfortunately, Keith thinks Haley's quietness signifies that she's angry and wants to be left alone. This situation best illustrates
    A. mirror-image perceptions.
    B. the reciprocity norm.
    C. superordinate goals.
    D. deindividuation.


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