5 Written questions
2 Matching questions
- a Men and women students watched film clips that were sad, happy, or frightening. Measures taken during their viewing of films showed that the genders differed the most in their
A. self-reported emotions.
B. changes in heart rate.
C. facial expressions of emotion.
D. changes in respiration.
- b Reduced feelings of tension following aggressive outbursts contribute to
A. spontaneous remission.
B. adaptation-level phenomenon.
C. the spillover effect.
D. the reinforcement of aggression.
5 Multiple choice questions
- A Harvard School of Public Health research team studied 1306 initially healthy men over a 10-year period. They found that ________ were more than twice as likely as ________ to develop heart disease.
A. introverts; extraverts
B. married men; single men
C. Type B personalities; Type A personalities
D. pessimists; optimists
- According to the two-factor theory, the two basic components of emotions are ________ and ________.
A. facial expressions; a cognitive label
B. emotion-arousing events; physical arousal
C. physical arousal; overt behavior
D. a cognitive label; physical arousal
- Research on nonverbal communication indicates thatL
A. very young children's facial expressions of emotion are difficult to interpret.
B. children learn the facial expressions associated with emotion by observing adults.
C. blind children who have never observed others demonstrate normal facial expressions of emotion.
D. boys are better than girls at recognizing nonverbal expressions of emotion.
- Lymphocytes are
A. harmful agents such as chemicals and viruses that cross the placenta from mother to fetus.
B. stress hormones produced by the sympathetic nervous system.
C. cancer cells that form in the lymph glands.
D. white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system.
- An eagerness to believe that victims of a natural disaster are being punished by God for their sins is best explained in terms of
B. ingroup bias.
C. the bystander effect.
D. the just-world phenomenon.
5 True/False questions
D → Rannilt was euphoric after learning that she had been accepted by the medical school of her choice. After a few weeks, however, she is only mildly excited when she thinks about her admission to medical school. This change in her feelings can best be explained in terms of
A. the catharsis hypothesis.
B. relative deprivation.
C. the feel-good, do-good phenomenon.
D. the adaptation-level phenomenon.
C → To alleviate the stress he feels after failing a college course, Jeremy seeks social support from his friends and family. Jeremy's behavior best illustrates
A. a Type A personality.
B. a Type B personality.
C. problem-focused coping.
D. emotion-focused coping.
C → A refusal to believe direct and highly credible evidence that your spouse is suffering a terminal illness best illustrates
A → After receiving very bad news, people ________ the duration of their negative emotions.
B. accurately estimate
C. slightly underestimate
D. radically underestimate
A → The basic components of emotion are
A. sympathetic arousal, parasympathetic inhibition, and cognitive labeling.
B. physical gestures, facial expressions, and psychological drives.
C. expressive behaviors, physiological arousal, and conscious experience.
D. cognition, affect, and behavior.