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5 Written questions

3 Matching questions

  1. C
  2. A
  3. B
  1. a The Y chromosome is the most well-known genetic marker identifying those who are most likely to
    A. form stereotypes.
    B. engage in aggression.
    C. experience cognitive dissonance.
    D. commit the fundamental attribution error.
  2. b The foot-in-the-door phenomenon refers to the tendency to
    A. neglect critical thinking because of a strong desire for social harmony within a group.
    B. perform simple tasks more effectively in the presence of others.
    C. comply with a large request if one has previously complied with a small request.
    D. experience an increasing attraction to novel stimuli as they become more familiar.
  3. c Haley thinks Keith's silence indicates that he's angry, so she avoids talking to him. Unfortunately, Keith thinks Haley's quietness signifies that she's angry and wants to be left alone. This situation best illustrates
    A. mirror-image perceptions.
    B. the reciprocity norm.
    C. superordinate goals.
    D. deindividuation.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. People are especially good at quickly detecting facial expressions of
    A. anger.
    B. surprise.
    C. happiness.
    D. boredom.
  2. Rannilt was euphoric after learning that she had been accepted by the medical school of her choice. After a few weeks, however, she is only mildly excited when she thinks about her admission to medical school. This change in her feelings can best be explained in terms of
    A. the catharsis hypothesis.
    B. relative deprivation.
    C. the feel-good, do-good phenomenon.
    D. the adaptation-level phenomenon.
  3. According to the James-Lange theory, we experience emotion ________ we notice our physiological arousal. According to the Cannon-Bard theory, we experience emotion ________ we become physiologically aroused.
    A. before; before
    B. before; after
    C. after; at the same time as
    D. at the same time as; after
  4. The concept of personality most clearly embodies the notion of
    A. moral integrity.
    B. self-consciousness.
    C. behavioral consistency.
    D. self-actualization.
  5. A loss of perceived control tends to result in
    A. low blood pressure.
    B. reduced immune responses.
    C. problem-focused coping.
    D. low blood sugar levels.

5 True/False questions

  1. CThe person-situation controversy involves a debate regarding the influence of ________ and ________ on behavior.
    A. self-concept; self-esteem
    B. optimism; pessimism
    C. environments; traits
    D. the real self; the ideal self


  2. AA refusal to believe direct and highly credible evidence that your spouse is suffering a terminal illness best illustrates
    A. denial.
    B. displacement.
    C. fixation.
    D. projection.


  3. DIf one were to generalize from Sherif's study of conflict resolution between two groups of campers, the best way for the United States and China to improve their relationship would be to
    A. hold highly publicized athletic contests between the two countries.
    B. minimize their trade and economic exchanges.
    C. conduct a joint space program designed to land humans on Mars.
    D. allow citizens of each country the right to freely immigrate to the other country.


  4. DThe fact that human aggression varies widely from culture to culture most strongly suggests that it is NOT
    A. a reaction to frustration.
    B. influenced by social norms.
    C. an unlearned instinct.
    D. a product of deindividuation.


  5. BAccording to Freud, the part of personality that represents our sense of right and wrong and our ideal standards is the
    A. Oedipus complex.
    B. ego.
    C. id.
    D. superego.


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