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5 Written Questions

3 Matching Questions

  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  1. a People experience a mood shift when they switch from taking short shuffling steps to taking long strides and swinging their arms by their sides. This best illustrates
    A. the adaptation-level phenomenon.
    B. the spillover effect.
    C. the behavior feedback phenomenon.
    D. the feel-good, do-good phenomenon.
  2. b Carl Rogers referred to an attitude of total acceptance toward another person as
    A. the spotlight effect.
    B. unconditional positive regard.
    C. self-actualization.
    D. free association.
  3. c According to terror-management theory, anxiety about our own mortality motivates us to enhance our
    A. self-esteem.
    B. parallel processing.
    C. reciprocal determinism.
    D. external locus of control.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The genes in muscle cells that are not activated by exercise produce lower quantities of proteins, which leaves us susceptible to
    A. type 2 diabetes.
    B. cardiovascular disease.
    C. cancer.
    D. all of these diseases.
  2. As her professor distributed the mathematics test to the class, Blair's heart started to pound and her palms began to sweat. These physiological reactions were activated by her ________ nervous system.
    A. sympathetic
    B. central
    C. somatic
    D. parasympathetic
  3. Most recent participants reported feeling more happy than sad after rubberbands secured to the sides of their faces were stretched over the tops of their heads. Their reactions best illustrated
    A. the feel-good, do-good phenomenon.
    B. the adaptation-level principle.
    C. the facial feedback effect.
    D. the spillover effect.
  4. Research on stressful life events indicates that
    A. those who live a relatively peaceful, monastic life actually suffer a higher-than-average rate of heart attacks.
    B. those who have been recently widowed, fired, or divorced are more vulnerable to disease.
    C. survivors of a natural disaster are immunized against stress and have fewer long-term health problems.
    D. all of these statements are true.
  5. Trait theorists are more concerned with ________ personality than with ________ it.
    A. predicting; assessing
    B. describing; explaining
    C. changing; analyzing
    D. interpreting; observing

5 True/False Questions

  1. CAt a conscious level, Aaron doesn't think he's prejudiced. Yet he automatically feels uncomfortable in situations where he has to interact with people of different races from his own. Aaron's experience best illustrates the distinction between
    A. equity and self-disclosure.
    B. situational and dispositional attributions.
    C. explicit and implicit attitudes.
    D. normative and informational social influence.

          

  2. BStudents judged an averaged, composite face as
    A. less attractive than most individual faces because the averaged face was less symmetrical.
    B. more attractive than most individual faces because the averaged face was more symmetrical.
    C. less attractive than most individual faces because the averaged face was more symmetrical.
    D. more attractive than most individual faces because the averaged face was less symmetrical.

          

  3. APeople are especially good at quickly detecting facial expressions of
    A. anger.
    B. surprise.
    C. happiness.
    D. boredom.

          

  4. AAccording to social exchange theory, altruistic behavior is guided by
    A. calculations of costs and benefits.
    B. feelings of social responsibility.
    C. reciprocity norms.
    D. family ties.

          

  5. AA friend's misdeed is especially likely to trigger feelings of anger if the misdeed is perceived as
    A. a spontaneous remission.
    B. a spillover effect.
    C. cathartic.
    D. willful.

          

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