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5 Written questions

3 Matching questions

  1. B
  2. A
  3. C
  1. a A loss of perceived control tends to result in
    A. low blood pressure.
    B. reduced immune responses.
    C. problem-focused coping.
    D. low blood sugar levels.
  2. b Volunteers who participated in an eight-week course of meditation training exhibited increased levels of the ______ activity associated with positive emotions.
    A. left hemisphere
    B. right hemisphere
    C. somatic nervous system
    D. autonomic nervous system
  3. c A conflict in which both participants can benefit by cooperating with each other has been represented as a
    A. social facilitation.
    B. mere exposure effect.
    C. non-zero-sum game.
    D. just-world phenomenon.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. The person-situation controversy involves a debate regarding the influence of ________ and ________ on behavior.
    A. self-concept; self-esteem
    B. optimism; pessimism
    C. environments; traits
    D. the real self; the ideal self
  2. At a conscious level, Aaron doesn't think he's prejudiced. Yet he automatically feels uncomfortable in situations where he has to interact with people of different races from his own. Aaron's experience best illustrates the distinction between
    A. equity and self-disclosure.
    B. situational and dispositional attributions.
    C. explicit and implicit attitudes.
    D. normative and informational social influence.
  3. The foot-in-the-door phenomenon refers to the tendency to
    A. neglect critical thinking because of a strong desire for social harmony within a group.
    B. perform simple tasks more effectively in the presence of others.
    C. comply with a large request if one has previously complied with a small request.
    D. experience an increasing attraction to novel stimuli as they become more familiar.
  4. A person who is careless and disorganized most clearly ranks low on the Big Five trait dimension of
    A. neuroticism.
    B. extraversion.
    C. openness.
    D. conscientiousness.
  5. The fundamental attribution error refers to our tendency to underestimate the impact of ________ and to overestimate the impact of ________ in explaining the behavior of others.
    A. normative influences; informational influences
    B. informational influences; normative influences
    C. personal dispositions; situational influences
    D. situational influences; personal dispositions

5 True/False questions

  1. BWhich of the following comments is most likely to be made in a group characterized by groupthink?
    A. "To proceed democratically, we need to know the honest opinions of all group members."
    B. "We all seem to be in basic agreement, so there's no sense in continuing our discussion of this issue."
    C. "Do any of you see any potential problem with our group's position?"
    D. "As a group, we have to think carefully about all the pros and cons surrounding this issue."


  2. BCameron, a 50-year-old electrician, opens his pay envelope and, to his surprise, finds a pink slip inside indicating that he has been fired from his job. Which phase of the general adaptation syndrome is Cameron most likely experiencing?
    A. resistance
    B. alarm reaction
    C. adjustment
    D. exhaustion


  3. AHaley thinks Keith's silence indicates that he's angry, so she avoids talking to him. Unfortunately, Keith thinks Haley's quietness signifies that she's angry and wants to be left alone. This situation best illustrates
    A. mirror-image perceptions.
    B. the reciprocity norm.
    C. superordinate goals.
    D. deindividuation.


  4. BPeople tend to perceive the members of an outgroup as ________ each other and the members of an ingroup as ________ each other.
    A. different from; similar to
    B. similar to; different from
    C. similar to; similar to
    D. different from; different from


  5. AA loss of perceived control tends to result in
    A. low blood pressure.
    B. reduced immune responses.
    C. problem-focused coping.
    D. low blood sugar levels.


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