5 Written questions
2 Matching questions
- a Rannilt was euphoric after learning that she had been accepted by the medical school of her choice. After a few weeks, however, she is only mildly excited when she thinks about her admission to medical school. This change in her feelings can best be explained in terms of
A. the catharsis hypothesis.
B. relative deprivation.
C. the feel-good, do-good phenomenon.
D. the adaptation-level phenomenon.
- b Carl Rogers would have suggested that many of the defense mechanisms described by Freud are used to minimize the perceived discrepancy between
A. manifest content and latent content.
B. the collective unconscious and the personal unconscious.
C. the actual self and the ideal self.
D. an internal locus of control and an external locus of control.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Ellie is unusually attractive and intelligent, and she works hard to please her husband. He displays little affection for her, however, and spends most of the family's resources on his own interests. Ellie's relationship with her husband is best characterized as
- A loss of perceived control tends to result in
A. low blood pressure.
B. reduced immune responses.
C. problem-focused coping.
D. low blood sugar levels.
- Your book reports that people who are high in agreeableness tend to use positive emotion words in text messaging. Which of the following can be accurately concluded from this finding?
A. That agreeableness causes positive emotions.
B. That highly agreeable people tend to text more than others.
C. That personality is the cause of behavior.
D. That use of positive emotion words in texts are associated with the trait of agreeableness.
- Psychodynamic theories emphasize that personality involves a dynamic interaction between
A. persons and situations.
B. conditioning and observational learning.
C. conscious and unconscious mental processes.
D. unconditional positive regard and self-actualization.
- Research on stressful life events indicates that
A. those who live a relatively peaceful, monastic life actually suffer a higher-than-average rate of heart attacks.
B. those who have been recently widowed, fired, or divorced are more vulnerable to disease.
C. survivors of a natural disaster are immunized against stress and have fewer long-term health problems.
D. all of these statements are true.
5 True/False questions
B → The person-situation controversy involves a debate regarding the influence of ________ and ________ on behavior.
A. self-concept; self-esteem
B. optimism; pessimism
C. environments; traits
D. the real self; the ideal self
D → When 68-year-old Mrs. Blake had a flat tire on a fairly isolated highway, she received help from a passerby in less than 10 minutes. One year later, when she had a flat tire on a busy freeway, an hour elapsed before someone finally stopped to offer assistance. Mrs. Blake's experience best illustrates
A. the fundamental attribution error.
B. the mere exposure effect.
C. group polarization.
D. the bystander effect.
C → A conflict in which both participants can benefit by cooperating with each other has been represented as a
A. social facilitation.
B. mere exposure effect.
C. non-zero-sum game.
D. just-world phenomenon.
A → The enhancement of a group's prevailing inclinations through group discussion is called
A. group polarization.
B. social facilitation.
C. ingroup bias.
D. the mere exposure effect.
B → Trait theorists are more concerned with ________ personality than with ________ it.
A. predicting; assessing
B. describing; explaining
C. changing; analyzing
D. interpreting; observing