5 Written Questions
4 Matching Questions
- a The Y chromosome is the most well-known genetic marker identifying those who are most likely to
A. form stereotypes.
B. engage in aggression.
C. experience cognitive dissonance.
D. commit the fundamental attribution error.
- b The basic components of emotion are
A. sympathetic arousal, parasympathetic inhibition, and cognitive labeling.
B. physical gestures, facial expressions, and psychological drives.
C. expressive behaviors, physiological arousal, and conscious experience.
D. cognition, affect, and behavior.
- c A friend's misdeed is especially likely to trigger feelings of anger if the misdeed is perceived as
A. a spontaneous remission.
B. a spillover effect.
- d The tendency to accept favorable descriptions of one's personality that could really be applied to almost anyone is known as
A. the Barnum effect.
C. the spotlight effect.
D. unconditional positive regard.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Research on nonverbal communication indicates thatL
A. very young children's facial expressions of emotion are difficult to interpret.
B. children learn the facial expressions associated with emotion by observing adults.
C. blind children who have never observed others demonstrate normal facial expressions of emotion.
D. boys are better than girls at recognizing nonverbal expressions of emotion.
- The person-situation controversy involves a debate regarding the influence of ________ and ________ on behavior.
A. self-concept; self-esteem
B. optimism; pessimism
C. environments; traits
D. the real self; the ideal self
- Most recent participants reported feeling more happy than sad after rubberbands secured to the sides of their faces were stretched over the tops of their heads. Their reactions best illustrated
A. the feel-good, do-good phenomenon.
B. the adaptation-level principle.
C. the facial feedback effect.
D. the spillover effect.
- A Harvard School of Public Health research team studied 1306 initially healthy men over a 10-year period. They found that ________ were more than twice as likely as ________ to develop heart disease.
A. introverts; extraverts
B. married men; single men
C. Type B personalities; Type A personalities
D. pessimists; optimists
- A loss of perceived control tends to result in
A. low blood pressure.
B. reduced immune responses.
C. problem-focused coping.
D. low blood sugar levels.
5 True/False Questions
C → Volunteers who participated in an eight-week course of meditation training exhibited increased levels of the ______ activity associated with positive emotions.
A. left hemisphere
B. right hemisphere
C. somatic nervous system
D. autonomic nervous system
D → If one were to generalize from Sherif's study of conflict resolution between two groups of campers, the best way for the United States and China to improve their relationship would be to
A. hold highly publicized athletic contests between the two countries.
B. minimize their trade and economic exchanges.
C. conduct a joint space program designed to land humans on Mars.
D. allow citizens of each country the right to freely immigrate to the other country.
A → Social loafing is MOST likely to occur among
A. audience members who are asked to applaud after a speaker is introduced.
B. factory workers paid on the basis of individual level of productivity.
C. a group of runners competing for first place in a race.
D. students who are each assigned a different topic for their course term papers.
C → The fact that human aggression varies widely from culture to culture most strongly suggests that it is NOT
A. a reaction to frustration.
B. influenced by social norms.
C. an unlearned instinct.
D. a product of deindividuation.
A → The foot-in-the-door phenomenon refers to the tendency to
A. neglect critical thinking because of a strong desire for social harmony within a group.
B. perform simple tasks more effectively in the presence of others.
C. comply with a large request if one has previously complied with a small request.
D. experience an increasing attraction to novel stimuli as they become more familiar.