a long narrative poem written in an elevated style; it presents characters of high position in a series of adventures important to a race or nation.
anglo-saxon bard or minstrel who tells the story
break in the middle of the line
repetition of original sound. Found numerously throughout the epic.
repetition of vowel sounds
repetition of consonant sounds
kind of understatement that asserts an idea by giving the negative of its opposite
comparison made without using like or as
a word or phrase that renames a nearby noun or pronoun
a descriptive nickname
A metaphoric compound employed in Anglo-Saxon literature in which the name of a thing is replaced by one of its functions or qualities. e.g "word hoard"
calling someone by their patriarchal lineage.
protagonist, fights Grendel, Grendel's mother, and the dragon
Beowulf's Uncle, ruler of Geatland
Beowulf's one loyal soldier in the fight against the dragon also a relative of Beowulf and he is the successor to the throne
King of the Danes
a thane, advising King Hrothgar, he has a flyting with Beowulf.
demon that terrorizes mead-hall
fought Beowulf in the mere (/underwater lair)
old Anglo-Saxon term for fate
a formal exchange of insults
the sword given to Beowulf by Unferth that proves useless in the fight in the underwater lair
a poem that laments a death or loss
a group of well born men attached to a king or leader in a bond of mutual loyalty.
a place of safety, warmth, and community in the Anglo-Saxon world
an alcoholic drink made from fermented honey
the last challenge faced by Beowulf, who dies fighting it. Guards a large treasure-hoard
Beowulf has trouble with them as they always break, presumably because he is too strong
The great mead-hall of the Danes
an Anglo-Saxon burial mound
Caedmon's hymn style
Style of "The Wanderer"
Ship found in England- similar to the one on page 5
head of Grendal
Hilt of sword
two thing Beowulf brings back from grendal's lair