Science-ch.5 4th grade

13 terms by lsclsclac

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potential energy

the energy associated with position or the arrangement of parts

kinetic energy

the energy associated with motion

conservation of energy

a principle in science:energy can change form, but it cannot be created or destroyed

force

the push or pull of one object on another

work

a force applied to an object causing it to move

thermal energy

energy associated with the random motion of particles in matter

temperature

a measure of how much thermal energy is in matter

heat

a measure of the amount of thermal energy transferred between two objects having different temperatures

conduction

the transfer of thermal energy through solids

convection

the transfer of thermal energy through liquids or gases

radiation

the transfer of energy by waves

conductor

matter that promotes the transfer of thermal energy

insulator

matter that slows down the transfer of thermal energy

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