PHP 317- Drug Quiz #1

60 terms by mshurtleff 

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Metformin Hydrochloride

Antidiabetic...Glucophage

Metformin Hydrochloride Dosage and Indications

Tablets: 500mg, 850mg, 1000mg
Lower Blood Glucose Levels

Metformin Hydrochloride Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation

Lacti acidosis, metallic taste, bloating, take with meals (morning), stay hydrated

Rosuvastatin Calcium

Antihyperlipidemic....Crestor

Rosuvastiatin Calcium Dosage and Indications

Tablets: 5mg, 10mg, 20mg, 40mg

Rosuvastatin Calcium Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation

myalgia, no pregnant or alcohol, skip missed does if 8hrs has lapsed

Warfarin Sodium

Anticoagulant (stops blood clotting)...Coumadin

Warfarin Sodium Doasge and Indications

Tablets: 1mg, 2mg, 2.5mg, 3mg, 4mg, 5mg, 6mg, 7.5mg, 10mg
Powder: 2mg/2.5mL
Potent Anticoagulant Medication

Warfarin Sodium Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation

unusual bleeding, avoid alcohol and aspirin, don't stop or begin other medication without asking dr.

Levothyroxine Sodium

Hormone/Thyroid...Synthroid/Levoxyl, Levothroid

Levothyroxine Sodium Dosage and Indications

Tablets: 25, 50, 75, 88, 100, 112, 125, 137, 150, 175, 200, 300mcg
Injection: 200mcg and 500mcg per vial
Replace thyroid function

Levothyroxine Sodium Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation

overdose, hair loss, and don't stop without asking dr.

Amoxicillin

Antibiotic...Amoxil

Amoxicillin Dosage and Indications

Chewable Tablets: 125mg and 250mg
Tablets: 500mg, 775mg, and 875mg
Capsules: 250mg and 500mg
Powder (oral):50mg, 125mg, 200mg, 250mg, and 400mg all per 5mL
Kills Bacteria

Amoxicillin Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation

Vomit/Diarrhea, Rash, Hives, Itch, take on EMPTY stomach with full glass of water, complete full therapy, keep refrigerated and discard after 14 days

Clopidogrel

Hematological Agent...Plavix

Clopidogrel Dosage and Indications

75mg and 300mg
Reduces atherosclerotic events (thickening of artery wall from build up of fatty acids)

Clopidogrel Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation

upper resp tract infection, allergic reaction, take without regard to meals, bleeding time increased

Hydrocodone

Opiod Analgesic (reduce pain)....Vicodin and Lortab

Hydrocodone Dosage and Indications

See chart and take as needed (1 to 2 tabs or 3 teaspoons every 4 to 6 hrs)

Hydrocodone Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation

Dizziness, Constipation, Nausea, HABIT forming, avoid alcohol

Atorvastatin

antihyperlipidemic...Lipitor

Atorvastatin Doasge and Indications

Tablets:10mg, 20mg, 40mg, and 80mg
Reduces elevated cholesterol

Atorvastatin Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation

constipation, diarrhea, follow diet, avoid sun and alcohol, avoid becoming pregnant

Simvastatin

Antihyperlipidemic...Zocor

Simvastatin Dosage and Indications

Tablets: 5mg, 10mg, 20mg, 40mg, and 80mg
Reduce elevated cholesterol

Simvastatin Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation

constipation, follow diet, avoid sun, don't become pregnant, limit alcohol, NO GRAPEFRUIT JUICE

Lisinopril

Antihypertensive...Zestril and Prinivil

Lisinopril Dosage and Indications

Tablets: 2.5mg, 5mg, 10mg, 20mg, 30mg, and 40mg
lowers high blood pressure

Lisinopril Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation

Dizziness, Headaches, Fatigue, NO salt substitues, avoid non-prescription meds, watch for signs of swelling

Esomeprazole Magnesium

Gastric Antisecretory...Nexium

Esomeprazole Magnesium Dosage and Indications

Capsules: 20mg and 40mg
Granules: 10mg, 20mg, and 40mg
Powder for Injection: 20mg and 40mg
Esophagitis, Gastro Reflux Disease, and Gastric Ulcers

Esomeprazole Magnesium Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation

eat 60 minutes prior to eating, swallow whole, can take antacids at same time, can mix granules with water

Metoprolol Succinate

Antihypertensive...Toprol-XL

Metoprolol Succinate Dosage and Indications

Tablets: 25mg, 50mg, 100mg, and 200mg
Lower high blood pressure

Metoprolol Succinate Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation

shortness of breath, bradycardia, let dr. know if you have hear failure, take with food, don't take crushed or chewed, DIABETES PATIENTS-masks hypoglycemic symptoms

Metoprolol Tartrate

Antihypertensive...Lopressor

Metoprolol Tartrate Dosage and Indications

Tablets: 25mg, 50mg, and 100mg
Injection: 5mg/5mL
Manage hypertension

Metoprolol Tartrate Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation

shortness of breath, depression, bradycardia, DIABETES PATIENTS-masks hypoglycemic symptoms

Hydrochlorothiazide

Diuretic...HCTZ

Hydrochlorothiazide Dosage and Indications

Capsules: 12.5mg
Tablets: 25mg and 50mg
heart failure and renal dysfunction

Hydrochlorothiazide Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation

muscle cramps, GI distress, blurred vision, take in EARLY AM, avoid sun

Furosemide

Diuretic...Lasix
renal disease and cirrhosis of liver

Furosemide Dosage and Indications

Tablets: 20mg, 40mg, and 80mg
Oral Solution: 10mg/mL(orange) and 40mg/5mL
Injection: 10mg/mL

Furosemide Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation

hearing loss, anemia, take in EARLY AM, orthostatic hypotension (dizzy spells)

Albuterol Sulfate

Antiasthmatic....Proair HFA

Albuterol Sulfate Dosage and Indications

HFA Inhaler: 108mcg per spray
Solution: 0.5% concentrated and 0.083% unit dose
Relieft of bronchospasm, prevent bronchospasms, and prevent exercise induced bronchospasms

Albuterol Sulfate Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation

tremor, tachycardia, palpitations, don't take more than recommended

Escitalopram Oxalate

Antidepressant...Lexapro

Escitalopram Oxaltae Dosage and Indications

Tablets: 5mg, 10mg, and 20mg
Oral Solution: 5mg/5mL (peppermint)
Relieves depression

Escitalopram Oxalate Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation

ejaculation disorder, insomnia, impair motor skills, avoid alcohol, pay attention to mood changes (suicidal thoughts), might need 2 weeks to show noticeable improvement

Amlodipine

Antihypertensive...Norvasc

Amlodipine Dosage and Indications

Tablets: 2.5mg, 5mg, and 10mg
Treat hypertension

Amlodipine Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation

flushing, fatigue, ab pain, take without regard to meals, DO NOT take OTC cough/cold meds with consulting dr.

Montelukast Sodium

Antiasthmatic...Singular

Montelukast Sodium Dosage and Indications

Tablets: 10mg
Chewable Tablets (cherry): 4mg and 5mg
Granules: 4mg/packet
Treats Asthma and Exercise Induced Asthma

Montelukast Sodium Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation

resemble placebo, treats chronic asthma so take regularly, doesn't treat attacks, contains PHENYLALANINE

Azithromycin Dihydrate

Macrolide Antibiotic (fights gram positive bacteria)....Zithromax

Azithromycin Dihydrate Dosage and Indications

Tablets: 250mg, 500mg, 600mg
Z-Pak: 6-250mg tablets
Tri-Pak: 3-500mg tablets
Powder: 300mg, 600mg, 900mg, and 1200mg
Powder for injection: 500mg (per vial)

Azithromycin Dihydrate Adverse Effects and Patient Consultation

*pain at injection site, take without regard to meals, report severe diarrhea, shake well, take missed dose ASAP

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