Theology Names

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38 terms

Primitive

original, ancestor or predecessor; uncultured or uncivilized

The Sacred

a frightening yet attractive mystery to the primitive peoples

Hierophany/Theophany

a manifestation of the Divine (for example, but the burning bush in Exodus)

Genesis 12 & onward

the recounting of God's interaction in history

Cyclical View of History

a Mythical/Primitive view of history that stated that no real progress occurs in history

Linear View of History

a Christian view of history that allows for real progress and fulfillment

Rite

a dramatic or recitative re-enactment of a mythical event/the recalling of the interventions of God in history

Veda

literally means knowledge; the first sacred texts of Hinduism that contain sacrificial formulas, mantras, and spells

Upanishad

a period of Hinduism; a philosophical and mythical addition to the earlier Vedas

Shruti

literally that which is heard; the general term for Hindu sacred writing

Varuna

an all-knowing and all-powerful sovereign ruler over the cosmic, moral, and liturgical orders

Indra

the god of storm, battle, and fertility; seen as a global conqueror; rides on a white horse; has 4 arms and heads

Purusha

the god who cosmically sacrifices himself at the beginning of time so that humans can be created

Varna

the caste system of Hinduism

Maya

illusion, appearance, falsity of sense perception

Atman

the essential core of the self, the first principle of the soul of an individual

Brahman

Infinite Being, Consciousness, or Unity of all things

Samsara

the continuous cycle of birth-death-rebirth

Karma

the principle that states that you will be reborn in a higher or lower class based on your deeds in the past life

Moksha

liberation from Samsara

Yoga

literally pathway, a combination of spiritual and physical exercises designed to eliminate sense perception

Om

a mystical mantra usually placed at the beginning and end of a reading from the Vedas or a prayer; used in yoga

Lila

a playful display of energy; Brahman creates maya through this

Deva

personal gods

Trimurti

triple-form of Hindu gods that personifies creation, destruction, and sustainment

Brahma

personal creator God who is seen as a "disengaged creator" by the Hindus

Shiva

the destroyer God who also is the Lord of Dance

Vishnu

the sustainer God who takes over creation from Brahma

Avatar

literally crossing over downward; various forms of a God

Krishna

the most famous avatar of Vishnu

Bhagavad Gita

the location of the story of Krishna and Arjuna

Mahabharata

The Bhagavad Gita is part of this larger poem

Dharma

duty to one's caste

Bhakti

loving devotion to Krishna as a personal god; Krishna consciousness

Dualism

a school of thought that said there was a distinction between God and the material world

Non-Dualism

a school of thought that said there was not a distinction between God and the material world

Syncretism

the belief that every religion is a different pathway to the same goal and therefore are all equally valid

Collective Unconscious

certain predispositions of the unconscious are common to all of us (see Gilgamesh)

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