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Chapter 5. Learning

Mental; behavioral

Cognitive psychologists define learning as a ______ change that may or may not be associated with a ______ change.

The assistant had previously brought food to the animal.

What was the reason that Ivan Pavlov's dogs began salivating in response to an assistant entering the laboratory?

Neutral

In Pavlov's original experiments, the bell was first a(n) _______ stimulus.

Conditioned Stimulus (CS)

You dog starts to salivate when you use the electric can opener to open his can of dog food. After learning the principles of classical conditioning, it becomes obvious to you that the can opener has become an effective _____.

Taste aversion

What usually takes only one trial to condition successfully?

generalization

After being conditioned to fear a white rat, Little Albert cried in the presence of other furry objects such as a rabbit and fur coat. This is to due to

of the consequences of the behavior

In operant conditioning an organism learns to respond because

increase

When a behavior is followed by negative reinforcement, the behavior is likely to

decreases

Punishment is an aversive event that ________ the frequency of the behavior it follows.

model

Dana liked to watch her mom prepare dinner when she was a little girl. As a grown-up, Dana now enjoys preparing gourmet meals for her family. It can be said that her mother was a _______ for learning to cook.

Classical Conditioning

Learning through association enables organisms to anticipate events.

Unconditioned stimulus

Something in the environment that triggers an automatic response before conditioning

Unconditioned Response

The unlearned response to the UCS

Operent conditioning

Learning what does what to what

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