5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- passive transport
- protein synthesis
- a 3rd phase; the chromatids of each chromosome separate at the centromere and move in opposite poles of the spindle.
- b Forming proteins based on information in DNA and carried out by RNA
- c A process that separates materials through a membrane based on the size of their particles.
- d Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low concentration, Moves with the concentration gradient.example is ATP. and diffusion is driven by kinetic energy
- e biological unit of hereditary information located in chromatin consisting of a specific nucleotide sequence in DNA (or RNA, in some viruses). that transmits hereditary information.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- (genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is copied into mRNA, DNA acts as a template for the synthesis of RNA
- A sequence of three nucleotide bases on mRNA that refers to a specific amino acid. (if DNA triplets are AAT-CGT-TCG then related _____ on mRNA would be UUA-GCA-AGC
- Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
- Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 daughter cells that are exactly like the parent cell., asexual reproduction and contains same number of chromosomes.
- A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function within the cell
5 True/False Questions
active transport → Energy-requiring process that moves material across a cell membrane against a concentration difference or gradient
isotonic solution → A solution in which the concentration of solutes is essentially equal to that of the cell which resides in the solution. examples interstitial fluid and intravenous solutions
ribonucleic acid(RNA) → single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose; acts in protein synthesis
desmosome → A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. consists of one very long DNA molecule and associated proteins.
Cell → biological unit of hereditary information located in chromatin consisting of a specific nucleotide sequence in DNA (or RNA, in some viruses). that transmits hereditary information.