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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. filtration
  2. passive transport
  3. anaphase
  4. gene
  5. protein synthesis
  1. a 3rd phase; the chromatids of each chromosome separate at the centromere and move in opposite poles of the spindle.
  2. b Forming proteins based on information in DNA and carried out by RNA
  3. c A process that separates materials through a membrane based on the size of their particles.
  4. d Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low concentration, Moves with the concentration gradient.example is ATP. and diffusion is driven by kinetic energy
  5. e biological unit of hereditary information located in chromatin consisting of a specific nucleotide sequence in DNA (or RNA, in some viruses). that transmits hereditary information.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. (genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is copied into mRNA, DNA acts as a template for the synthesis of RNA
  2. A sequence of three nucleotide bases on mRNA that refers to a specific amino acid. (if DNA triplets are AAT-CGT-TCG then related _____ on mRNA would be UUA-GCA-AGC
  3. Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
  4. Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 daughter cells that are exactly like the parent cell., asexual reproduction and contains same number of chromosomes.
  5. A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function within the cell

5 True/False Questions

  1. active transportEnergy-requiring process that moves material across a cell membrane against a concentration difference or gradient

          

  2. isotonic solutionA solution in which the concentration of solutes is essentially equal to that of the cell which resides in the solution. examples interstitial fluid and intravenous solutions

          

  3. ribonucleic acid(RNA)single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose; acts in protein synthesis

          

  4. desmosomeA threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. consists of one very long DNA molecule and associated proteins.

          

  5. Cellbiological unit of hereditary information located in chromatin consisting of a specific nucleotide sequence in DNA (or RNA, in some viruses). that transmits hereditary information.

          

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