body planes direction and cavities

28 terms by lashandrac 

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abdominal cavity

divided into and upper an a lower part. stomach, small intestine, most of large intestine, appendix, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and spleen.

abdominal regions

the center regions are epigastric, umbilical, and hypochondria or pelvic. on either side of the center is hypochondrai lumbar and iliac

anterior

in front

body cavities

are spaces within the body that contain vital organs

body planes

are imaginary lines drawn through the body at various parts to separate the body into section

buccal cavity

mouth teeth and tongue.

caudal

pertaining to any tail or tail ike structure

cranial

pertaining to the skull

cranial cavity

houses the brain

distal

farthest from the point of attachment

dorsal

pertaining to the back

dorsal cavity

is one long continous cavity located on the back of the body.

frontal plane

imaginary line that separates the body into a front section and a back section

inferior

below

lateral

pertaining to the side

medial

pertaining to the midline or middle

midsagittal plane

an imaginary line drawn down the midline of the body to divide the body into a right side and a left side

nasal cavity

the nose

orbital cavity

the eyes

pelvic cavity

contains the urinary bladder, reproductive organs, an the last part of the large intestine

posterior

the back

proximal

closest to the point of attachment or area of reference

spinal cavity

the spinal cord

superior

above or top

throacic cavity

contians the esophagus, trachea, bronchi, lungs heart, and large blood vessels

transverse plane

...imaginary line drawn through the body to separate the body into a top half and a bottom half

ventral

pertaining to the front or anterior...

ventral cavity

...larger than the dorsal cavitites. the ventral cavity is separated into two distinct cavities by the dome-shaped muscle called the diaphragm which is important for breathing

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