med term 5

Created by csalak 

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cocci

spherically shaped family of bacteria

streptococci

cocci growing in twisted chains

staphylococci

cocci growing in clusters

strepto

combining form for twisted chains or strips

staphylo

combining form for growing in bunches, like grapes

staphylococci

cluster of cocci

baculus

means staff or rod

bacillus

rod shaped bacterium

streptobacillus

rod shaped bacillus growing in twisted chains

staphylococci

bacteria that form pus that grow in a cluster

staphylococcus

a common skin bacterium responsible for acne infections

staphyloplasty

surgical repair of the uvula

staphylo

used to represent the uvula

staphylitis

inflammation of the uvula

pyo

combining form for pus

pyocele

hernia containing pus

genesis

suffix meaning producing or forming

pyogenic

bacteria that produce pus

rrhea

suffix meaning flow or discharge

diarrhea

to flow through

pyorrhea

flow of pus

rrhagia

suffix meaning hemorrhage

rrhaphy

suffix meaning suturing

rrhexia

suffix meaning rupture

pyorrhea

disease of a salivary gland for which there is a flow of pus

oto

combining form for ear

otoscope

used to examine the ear

otorrhea

discharge of the ears

auris sinistra

refers to the left ear

auris dextra

refers to the right ear

membrana tympani dextra

refers to the right eardrum

membrana tympani sinistra

refers to the left eardrum

tympano

combining form for eardrum

tympanometry

the process of measuring the function of the eardrum.

tympanites

distended with gas- tight as a drum.

audio

combining form for hearing

audiometer

instrument used to measure hearing

audiogram

record made by the instrument used to test hearing

phono

combining form for voice or vocal sounds

aphonia

no voice

dysphonia

difficult voice, weak

bradyphasia

slow speech

phonometer

instrument used to measure intensity of vocal sounds

phaso

combining form for speech

phasology

the study of speech

rhinorrhea

discharge from the nose

rhino

combining form for nose

rhinolith

calculus or stone in the nose

litho

combining form for calculus or stone

cholelith

gallstone

chole

combining form for gall or bile

iasis

suffix indicating a pathological condition. also used when an infestation has occurred.

cholelithiasis

the presence of gallstones in the gallbladder.

trichomonas

causes trichomoniasis infections

yeast

causes moniliasis infections

filarial worm

causes elephantiasis infection

giardia lamblie

causes gardiasis infection

cholecyst

medical name for gallbladder

cholecystogram

an xray of the gallbladder

brady

used in words to mean slow

bradycardia

slow heart action

bradyphagia

abnormally slow swallowing.

phago

combining form for eat/swallowing

tachy

fast

tachycardia

fast heart beat

tacho

combining form for swiftness

tachogram

record of the velocity of blood flow

pnea

suffix meanining breathing

agenesis

no generation

carcinogenesis

development of cancer

dys

prefix for painful, faulty, diseased, bad, or difficult.

meno

combining form for menstruation.

dysmenorrhea

painful or difficult menstruation.

dystrophy

poor development

pepso

combining form for digestion

dyspepsia

poor disgestion

arrhythemia

condition in which there is loss of correct rhythm. heart beat is too slow or too fast.

lexis

greek for word or phrase

dyslexia

normal intelligence with difficulty recognizing words and may transpose letters or numbers.

thermoesthesia

oversensitivity to heat

thermoalgesia

oversensitivity to heat 2

thermoplegia

heatstroke

diathermy

heating through tissue (treatment)

dia

through

micro

small

hydrocephalus

condition involving fluid in the head.

microcephalus

a condition of an abnormally small head

macro

large

macrocytes

very large cells

macroglossia

large tongue

macrotia

large ears

macrorhinia

large nose

macrocheilia

large lips

dactyl

word roots for finger or toes

macrodactylia

condition of abnormally large fingers or toes

dactylospasm

cramp or spasm of a digit

dactylogram

fingerprint

polydactylism

too many fingers or toes

syn

prefix meaning together or with

syndactylism

two or more fingers joined together

synergistic

drugs that work together to increase each other's effects.

synergetic

three muscles in the forearm that work together

synarthrosis

indicates an immovable joint.

dromo

greek word for run

dromomania

insane impulse to wander or roam

syndrome

a variety of symptoms occurring together

korsakoff's syndrome

a syndrome due to alcoholism.

prodrome

a symptom indicating an approaching disease

dipsia

greek for thirst

polydipsia

excessive thirst

dipsomania

old term for alcoholism

polydipsia

high blood sugar levels and lack of insulin in patients with diabetes

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