Chemistry of Life Quiz

14 terms by rachelafine

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biochemistry

study of the chemical aspects of life

atoms

protons, neutrons, and electrons

oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen

96% of the human body is made up of these 4 elements

water

one of the compounds that is most essential to life

acid

proton donor

bases

proton acceptor

carbs, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids

organic chemistry

carbohydrates

carbon and water

lipids

fats, oils, waxes

phospholipids

similar to triglycerides, but contain phosphorus units

cholesterol

a type of steroid lipid

proteins

most abundant organic components of human body

dehydration synthesis

creates covalent bod between carboxylic (COOH) group of one and NH2 (amino) group of another (peptide bond)

nucleic acids

large organic molecules made of C, H, O, N, P

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