APUSH Unit 1 Vocab

40 terms by KSmith28 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

First Thanksgiving

-1621 symbol of peace between Wampanoags and Plymouth Pilgrims

Acadia

-Renamed Nova Scotia
-Was granted to England off peace terms, along with Newfoundland and the Hudson Bay

African America

-A person born in America of African descent

Agriculture

-The science or practice of farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products

Anne Hutchinson

-Stated that a holy life didn't show a sure sign of salvation and the ones that were saved didn't need to obey laws of God or man
-Lost her trial in 1638
-Was banished before she polluted the Puritan experiment

Bacon's Rebellion

-Bacon led a rebellion against people with friendly Indian relation
-Took place in 1676 and resulted in the torching of Jamestown
-(See Moodle)

Barbados Slave Code

-Created to help control slaves
-Denied fundamental rights to slaves and gave punishments for the slightest of infractions

Battle of Lexington and Concord

-April 1775
-First battle of the American Revolution
-British were forced to retreat by colonial militiamen

Boston Massacre

-Altercation on March 5, 1770
-Boston townspeople mobbed ten British soldiers
-Troops opened fire, leading to 11 civilian casualties

Boston Port Act

-Act which closed Boston Harbor until damages from Tea Party were paid

Boston Tea Party

-Demonstration in Boston Harbor in 1773
-American colonists dumped British tea into the ocean to protest the imposition of a tea tax

British East Indian Company

-Tea company that was going bankrupt
-Was given a full tea monopoly on the American colonies

British occupy Boston

-Great Britain landed two regiments of troops in Boston to preserve law and order in 1768

Calvinism

-An elaborated form of Martin Luther's ideas created by John Calvin of Geneva
-Humans were weak and evil due to sin
-God elects certain souls for eternal bliss and others for eternal torment

Cambridge

-The intellectual center of England's Puritanism
-(Education)

Canadian Government

-Were in direct control of the king
-There were no elected representative assemblies

Carolina

-Created in 1670
-Named after King Charles II

Charles II

-Restores the English crown in 1660
-Church of England was full force again
-Gave and revoked charters from certain New England colonies
-Granted the area of New Netherland to the Duke of York in 1664 (New York

Charlestown

-City of Carolina that was culturally diverse
-Busiest seaport of the south

Church of England

-Official religion in England

Clergy

-Formal religious leadership with a given religion

Committees of Correspondence

-Used to spread propaganda in the colonies

Congregational Church

-Protestant Christian churches practicing Congregationalist church governance
-Each independent and autonomously runs its own affairs

Continental Congress of 1774

-Summoned as a response to the Intolerable Acts
-Drew up a Declaration of Rights and other appeals to the King/British people

Dead Dogs

-People who droned out tedious, over-erudite sermons from Puritan pulpits

Declaration of Rights

-Document drawn up by Continental Congress of 1774
-Enumerated colonists' rights

Declaratory Act

-Stated that Parliament had the right "to bind" the colonies "in all cases whatsoever"

Edict of the Nantes

-Helped settle religious wars in France
-France was the start of one of the most feared nations in Europe

English Protestant Reformation

-Religious movement that established Protestantism as the leading faith in England

Europeanization

-To make something, or someone, more European
-Assimilation into European cultures

Francis Drake

-Helped lead English Navy against the Spanish Armada
-Knighted by the Queen of England

French Voyageurs

-Recruited Indians into the fur business

Fundamental Orders

-Created in 1639
-Form of a modern constitution
-Established democratically controlled regime by the citizens
-Some essential features were used in Connecticut's charter and state constitution

Fur Trading

-Beaver furs became an important trade in New France
-Traders recruited Indians to help them trap boatloads of beavers
-Caused Indians to go against their own beliefs
-Early sign of assimilation

General Edward Braddock

-Led some 2,000 militia men in 1775 to capture Fort Duquense
-Were defeated and Indians started to take a wider war path

George Whitefield

-Preacher during the Great Awakening
-Preached of human helplessness and divine omnipotence

Georgia

-Founded in 1733
-Last of the original 13 colonies to be founded
-Created by the English to serve as a buffer zone between the Spanish in Florida and French in Louisiana to protect the Carolinas

Glorious English Revolution

-People of Old England usurped crown of Catholic James II
-Enthroned Protestant William III and Mary
-Caused Dominion of New England to collapse
-Helped spur colonial dissent

Great Awakening

-Religious revival in America
-(See Moodle)

Geurilla Warfare

-The use of small independent groups that take part in irregular fighting

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set