LANGUAGE ARTS final exam notecards

131 terms by madisonmam 

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vocab that i need to know for final exam

affect

to act on; produce an effect or change in

effect

something that is produced by an agency or cause; result; consequence:

allusion

a passing or casual reference; an incidental mention of something, either directly or by implication:

illusion

something that deceives by producing a false or misleading impression of reality.

ascent

an act of ascending; upward movement; a rising movement:

assent

to agree or concur; subscribe to

complement

something that completes or makes perfect:

compliment

an expression of praise, commendation, or admiration:

counsel

advice; opinion or instruction given in directing the judgment or conduct of another.

council

assembly of persons summoned or convened for consultation, deliberation, or advice.

stationery

writting materials such as pens, pencils, papers, ect.

stationary

standing still, not moving

faint

feeling weak dizzy or exausted about to loose consciousness feeble, weak

feint

an attack aimed at one place or point merely as a distraction from the real place or point of attack

feign

to represent fictitiously; put on an appearance of

flair

a natural talent ability bent knack

flare

to burn with an unsteady swaying flame as a torch in the wind

immigrate

to come ot a country of which 1 is not a native for the pupose of permanet residence

emigrate

to leave 1 country or region to settle in another

dissent

to differ in sentiment or opinion diasgreee

decent

fitting, appropriate

descent

a downward inclination or slope.

kernel

a grain or seed as of a cereal plant inclosed in a hand a husk

colonel

an officer in the US army air force or marine corps ranking above lieutenant colonel and below a bridgadier general

metal

one of a catagory of USU whiteish lusturious electropositve element that are typically ductile and malleable

medal

a flat piece of metal stamped with a commemorative design or inscription, often presented as an award

mettle

quality or stength of charecter

meddle

to intrude in other peoples bussiness or affairs

past

gone by or elapsed time

passed

to move

symbols

something used for or regarding as representing something else

cymbals

a concave plate of brass or bronze that produces a sharp ringing sound when struck

plain

clear or distinct to they eye or ear

plane

flat or level surface airplane flying object, smooth even surface, also a tool

rays

any of numerous elasmobranch fishes having a flattened body adapted for life on the sea bottom or a beam of light

raze

to tear down demolish

raise

to move to a higher position

biannual

occuring twice a year

semiannual

occuring established every half year, or twice a year

biennial

happening every 2 years

perennial

lasting for as indeffintly long time

unanimous

being in complete agree

anonymous

with out any name or awknowledged

principal

first or highest as in rank of value, importance

principle

an accepted or professed rule of action or conduct

capitol

the builing in washington DC in which the US congress holds its sessions

capital

the city or town that is the official seat of goverment in a country, state, ect. also uppercase letter, crime(most serious), and money to make more money

precedes

to go before, as in place, order, rank, importance, or time.

proceeds

to move or go forward or onward, after stopping.

accept

to take or recieve

except

to exclude-leave out

alphabetical

in the order of the letters of the alphabet, a series of letters used to write a language.

identical

the very same impossible to distinguish

mythical

imaginary person or thing

numerical

concerning numbers

physical

pertaining to matter, pertaining to nature and natural features of universe connected with human or animal body.

spectacle

snow, display, pair of optical lenses in frame (glasses), remarkable

tentacle

octupus arm, often with suction pads.

tropical

extremly hot growing occuring in the tropics.

patience

difficulty with calmness

thief

person who steals things

receipt

the act of receiving or being received

freight

goods carried by a vessel or vehical, cargo

counterfeit

to make a copy of w/intent of fraud

niece

daughter of a brother or sister of yourself

reigns

exercise of Sovereign power. As by a monarch

neighbor

one that lives or is located near another

outrageous

grossly offensive

repetition

the act or instance of repeating

committed

to do , perform, or perpetrate

miscellaneous

made up of a variety of parts or ingredients

peculiar

unusual or odd

anxiety

a state or cause of uneasiness and apprehsion

vacuum

absence of matter

auxiliary

giving assistance or support;helping

inconvenience

the state or quality of being inconveinient. Lack of ease or comfort

disastrous

great distruction. Causing much suffering

psychology

to study the human mind and mental processes

reservoir

a body of water stored for public use

conscious

awake,aware

initiation

ceremonies or rites during which 1 is admitted into an orginization

pneumonia

disease characterized by inflammation of the lungs

efficiency

producing a desired effect with minimal effort

influential

having the ability to produce effects on others

negotiate

discuss to bring about an agreement

questionnaire

a set of questions

familiar

often encountered, common

absence

a state or period of being away

souvenir

a token of remembrance

sufficient

being as much as needed

amateur

one lacking expertise

mischievous

causing mischief

hygiene

the conditions or practices that help or preserve health

architect

one who designs or supervises the construction of buildings

discipline

controlled behavior

corps

a special department of the armed forces

occasionally

occurring from time to time

altar

An elevated place or structure before which religious ceremonies may be enacted or upon which sacrifices may be offered.

alter

to make different in some particular, as size, style, course, or the like; modify:

conceited

having an excessively favorable opinion of one's abilities, appearance, etc.

comma rule #1

to separate individual words, phrases, or clauses in a series ex: for dinner we are having meat, vegetables, and a salad

comma rule #2

to separate two or more adjectives (modifiers) that equally modify the same noun ex: the kitten was soft, brown, fluffy fur ball.

comma rule #3

before a coordinating conjunction(FANBOYS) when it joins independent clauses ex: i would like to speak to him, but i do not know what to say

comma rule #4

to set off nonessential (not necessary) clauses ex: dad, who graduated from college in 1970 attended the same school as his father.

comma rule #5

after introductory words such as "well" ex: yes, i will be attending the party

comma rule #6

after and introductory(coming at the beginning of the sentance) participal phrase ex: cheering loudly, the fans welcomed the team.

comma rule #7

after 2 or more introductory prespostional phrases ex: under the mat on the porch, mother left a spare key

comma rule #8

after an introductory adverb (subordinate) clause. ex: when you finish you homework, you may go out to play

comma rule #9

appositives: ex: Miss Damonte, the science teacher, took the students on a field trip

comma rule #10

direct address ex: Jill, listen to this new CD i just bought

comma rule #11

to set of parenthetical expression (after all, as a matter of fact, at any rate, for example, for instance, in fact, in my opinion, in the first place, of course, on the other hand, generally speaking, i believe (know, think, guess, hope, suppose), to tell the truth ex: all of the girls, as a matter of fact, have finished their research papers

comma rule #12

items in dates and addresses ex: In June our family is moving to 2727 Maple Avenue, Denver, CO 81345

comma rule #13

salutations and closings in a friendly letter ex: Dear Susan, or Yours Truly,

comma rule #14

after names followed by "Jr. , Ph.D., MD," ect. ex: Mr. James Thomas, Jr.

comma rule #15

to set off dialougue (the exact words of the speaker) from the rest of the sentance ex: Mary exclaimed, "THAT IS THE BIGGEST SPIDER I'VE EVER SEEN!!"

comma rule #16

DO NOT USE UNNECESSARY COMMAS!!!!!!!!!!!!!

name the 6 tenses

present, past, future, present perfect, past perfect, future perfect

example of present

play

example of past

ran

example of future

will play

example of present perfect

has played

example of past perfect

had played

example of future perfect

will have played

numbers

singular, plural

person

1i, we 2you, you 3 she, they

voice

active, passive

active

when the subject does the action

passive

when the subject receives the action

Transitive

verb has a direct object

Intransitive

verb does not have a direct object

D.O.

direct object S+V+whom, what=D.O.

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