7 Written questions
6 Multiple choice questions
- The acquisition of portfolio capital. Usually refers to such transactions across national borders and/or across currencies.
- Financial assets including, stocks, bonds, deposits, and currencies.
- As new products mature, comparative advantage shifts from one country to another. New products are intensive in highly skilled workers (inventors, engineers), giving highly educated countries a comparative advantage. As a product matures large scale production takes over, favoring capital abundant countries. Finally, production becomes routine, and labor abundant countries have the comparative advantage.
- Dissimilar good with different factor intensities are lumped together in trade statistics.
- The ratio of a country's exports divided by its GDP.
- the smaller of two trading economies receives the greatest gains from trade.
Trade benefits both trading countries
Gains due to differences in absolute advantage between countries.
6 True/False questions
Explanations for Intra-industry trade → Production is spread around the world with various countries producing components that are assembled and sold around the world. Each country specializes in a particular component in order to gain economies of large scale production.
Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations → The gains from trade that occur over time because trade causes an increase in a country's economic growth or induces greater efficiency in the use of existing resources.
Comparative Advantage → A country has a comparative advantage in the production of a good if the relative cost (opportunity cost) of producing that good is lower than that of its trading partner.
Absolute Advantage → A country has an absolute advantage in a good if it can produce that good by using fewer inputs than its trading partner
Capital Abundant → A country has an absolute advantage in a good if it can produce that good by using fewer inputs than its trading partner
Intra-industry trade → Occurs when a country imports and exports the same good.