Blocks voltage-sensitive Na+ channels in neuron plasma membranes. Used for seizures, tic doloureux, alternative to lithium in bipolar disorder. Can cause allergic reactions, decreased blood cells, drowsiness, headaches. Corbatrol, Epitol, Equetru, Tegretol.
Reduces cAMP and IP3 and more. Used for bipolar disorder, mood stabilizer. Can cause polyuria, weight gain, hand tremor. Eskalith, Lithobid.
Voltage-gated L-type calcium channel blocker. Used for hypertension, some cardiac arrhythmias. Contraindicated in heart failure. Calan, Covera, Isoptin, Verelan.
Activates "mu" opioid receptors. Analgesia, inhibit cough reflex in medulla. MAy cause respiratory depression, vasodilation, constipation. M, Number 13, Happy Powder.
Decreases hyperglycemia by decreasing hepatic glucose output. Decreases glucose absorption from gut. Increases insulin sensitivity in skeletal muscle and fat. Used for diabetes. Causes diarrhea.
GABA agonist. Opens Cl- channels, increases repolarization. Anxiolytic. Muscle strains, MS spasticity, seizures, hypnotic sleep induction. Sleeping pills and alcohol. Diazepam, Clonazepam, "pam."
Muscarinic cholinergic antagonist. Blocks mACh receptors. Dilates pupils, reduces GI spasticity, treats organophosphate poisoning, dries secretions for surgery. Atropine sulfate.
5-HT agonist, psychomimetic (CNS stimulant/hallucinogen). Street drug. Acid.
Metabolite precursor of dopamine, crosses BBB, converted to dopamine in brain. Used for Parkinson's. Hypotension, dyskinesia. Staleva.
Stimulates release of dopamine. Powerfully addictive psychostimulant, tolerance in minutes. Oral, smoked, snorted, injected, binge-crash pattern. Speed, meth, crystal, crank, go-fast.
Stimulates release of serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine. Stims more serotonin and less dopamine than meth. Psychostimulant and hallucinogen. Ecstacy, hug, beans, love drug.
Orally active GABA-mimetic agent, agonist at GABAb receptors. Spasmolytic, may reduce pain in spasticity by inhibiting substance P release. Must withdraw slowly. Lioresal, Kemstro.
Inhibits enzyme that breaks down DA (catechol-o-methyltransferase). Used for Parkinson's disease. Can cause diarrhea, liver failure. Tolcapone (Tasmar).
Nicotinic cholinergic agonist. Increases DA levels. CNS & PNS stimulant. Inhibits monoamine oxidase. Nicotine patch/gum/inhaler. Tobacco. Nicorette.