Theater Appreciation

69 terms by Josh_Meyer

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Resident Theater/Regional

profesional, non profit organizations that maintain a constant presence in a community and produce an enire season of plays

Regional Theater

Also Known As Residential Theaters

Commercial Theater

Is Ment to earn profit for investors

Educational Theater

may be extracurricular or integrated into classroom structure.

Community Theater

created by residents of a particular area who come together to create theater without being part of a larger institution

Non-Profit Theater

May Be Professional but not commercial

Broadway Theater

Broadway theatre, commonly called Broadway, refers to theatrical performances presented in one of the 40 large professional theatres with 500 seats or more located in the Theatre District, New York and in Lincoln Center, in Manhattan, New York City

Off-Broadway

Theatrical work, often experimental and inexpensive, presented in New York City outside the Broadway entertainment. <500

Off-Off Broadway

in coffee shops, etc. <100

Hybrid

doesnt fit into the proffesional or amateur catagory

Empathy

Emotional Identification when you feel among with the characters

Aethetic Distance

"the art of distance"

Catharsis

emotional release, (psychoanalysis) purging of emotional tensions

Allienation Effect

involves the use of techniques designed to distance the audience from emotional involvement in the play through jolting reminders of the artificiality of the theatrical performance.

Downstage

closest to the audience

Wings

in proscenium theater, spaces offstage left and right for actors, crew, and scenery not yet in the visable performance space.

Arena

An Arena is an enclosed area

Proscenium

Proscenium theatre is a theatre space whose primary feature is a large frame or arch (called the proscenium arch even though it is frequently not a rounded archway at all), which is located at or near the front of the stage.

Thrust Theater

Thrust stages may be similar to proscenium stages but with a platform or performance area that extends into the audience space so that the audience is located on three sides., rectangular theater in which audience sits to the left and right and in front of the stage

Black Box Theater

A theatre that is usually small and that allows flexibility in the arrangement of audience to acting space. It is so named because the walls are usually painted black

Upstage

Farthest from Audience

Vomitories

Roman theatre entry/escape ways

Osiris

Egyptian god of the underworld and judge of the dead

Bertolt Brecht

Father of Epic Theatre

Playwright

someone who writes plays

Producer

something that produces

Director

the person who leads a musical group

Casting Director

a person who specializes in finding the right actors for parts; especially common in Hollywood

Designers

group of people who determine what costumes, set, lights, sound, props go on the stage to establish the atmosphere

Stage Manager

someone who supervises the physical aspects in the production of a show and who is in charge of the stage when the show is being performed

Front of House

lobby and ticket booth

Actor

a theatrical performer

Chorus

a group of singers/dancers who interacted with and responded to the actor.

Mimesis

the representation of another person's words in a speech

Hypokrites

Greek word for actor which means acting like someone else: hypocrite is derived from this word

Theatron

"Seeing place" where the audience sat

Skene

small hut like building behind the stage used as a dressing room and later as a backdrop for painted settings

Orchestra

seating on the main floor in a theater

Mystery Plays

a drama that was religious in nature during the Middle Ages.

Cycle Plays

(mystery plays because of their peculiar staging format) a series of playlets inspired by stories in the bible, written in a common language of the populace, presented in sequence, performed in, on, and or around a stage or series of stages, Longest theatrical production recorded, usually lasted a few days, although one went on for 25 days.

Miracle Plays

Dramas, originally under church control, that were based on the lives of the saints

Morality Plays

Plays whos purpose were to teach moral lessons

Aristotle

philosopher who focused on the study of nature

Trajedy

In the modern era, tragedy has also been defined against drama, melodrama, the tragicomic and epic theatre

Plato

Plato maintained in his critique that theatre was not sufficient in conveying the truth.

Theater

An Empty Space, Person in Action in that Space being watched by someone else

Omnibox

Higherpriced Seating

Bertolt Brecht

Bertolt Brecht rejected the cathartic model. He Believed that theater should be to appeal to the intellect of the audience and incite it into social action.

"father of epic theater"

Pete Brooks

Hypocrites

Thespis

Attributed to writing the first trajedies

534 B.C.

Tragety

Aeschylus

wrote the Orestia which is the only surviving triology

Sophocles

Writer of tragedies including Oedipus Rex, Antigone

Aristophanes

an ancient Greek dramatist remembered for his comedies (448-380 BC)

Hellenistic Period

time where Greek art and culture merge with influences from the Middle East; culture associated with the spread of Greek influence as a result of Macedonian conquests

The Greek Term Catharsis refers to?

Aesthetic Distance

Front of House Staff

Ushers

Who was the first greek playright

Aeschylus, Thespis, Euripides

Menander

wrote The grouch (only surviving new comedy)

most popular form of japenese theater

kabuki

How many types of greek theater are there

Comedy, Trajedy, sader, etc

Menander

Great writer of new comedies; used stock characters; situational comedies concerned with ordinary happenings of contemporary life

Dionysus

(Greek mythology) god of wine and fertility and drama

Terence

All 6 of his plays (4 based on Menander originals) survive; refined language, subtle humor, complex story lines

Seneca

wrote tragedies based on Greek plays; onstage violence; plays not staged; revenge; influenced Shakespeare with 5-act structure

Herodotus

Roman lyric poet said to have influenced English poetry (65-8 BC)

Orestia

Only Surviving Trilogy, Wrote by Aeschyles

Euripides

Medea, Bacchae

Pageants

Wagons with scenery used in processional staging

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