a policy pursued by a nation in its dealings with other nations, designed to achieve national objectives.
the use of hit-and-run tactics by small, mobile groups of irregular forces operating in territory controlled by a hostile, regular force. (ex. Vietcong vs US, mujahadeen vs Soviets, Taliban and or Al Qaeda vs US)
improvised explosive device
effort to combat guerillas, often including programs to "win the hearts & minds" of rural populations so they stop sheltering guerillas
Muslim warrior, holy warrriors. Fought against the Soviets in the 80's. Some moved on to join the Taliban, AL Qaeda while othes joined the Northern Alliance to fight against those two groups.
strict Muslim group in Afghanistan that has imposed rigid rules on Afghan society (1996-2001), including prescribed clothing styles for men and women, restrictions of the appearance of women in public, and regulations on media; allowed Al Qaeda sanctuary
Afghan President & US ally, currently fighting a resurgent Taliban, fighiting courruption in his govt and restoring power.
Osama bin Laden
founder of Al Qaeda, his organization adhere to a particularly conservative brand of Islam, known as Wahhabism. Fought against the Soviets in 1980's, and best known for planning 9-11. Wanted for several other attacks against US embassies and the USS Cole. Believed to be on the Afghanistan/Pakistan border.
terrorist group that uses suicide bombers and simultaneous bombings. Known as "the base" and is responsible for 9-11-01 along with several other attacks on US embassies. It operates as a network comprising both as a multinational, stateless army, and a radical Sunni Muslim movement calling for global Jihad (Holy War)
USSR invades Afghanistan
Soviets invade in 1979, war lasts to 1989. Russia was supporting a leader who leaned to the same idealogy of the Russians. Different tribes banded and fought together.- the mujahadeen fighters defeated the conventional army of the Soviets with aid from Pakistan and US. The stinger weapon helps shift the balance. Soviets lose the war and shortly after the USSR breaks up entirely- bankrupted and morally defeated.
Taliban runs Afghanistan
Taliban won control over other tribes and ruled from 96 to 2001. Imposed their view of Islam- Wahhabism. A strict and violent interpretation. US attacks after 2001- Operation Enduring Freedom due to Pres. Bush's foreign policy on harbring terrorists.
19 members of Al Qaeda hijacked 4 planes on 9-11. 2 planes hit the Twin Towers of New York, one crashed into the Pentagon, and the last in a field of Pennsylvania (believed to be going to the White House.) 3,000 died, and President Bush responded by announcing the War on Terror and enacted the Patriot Act
translates to "struggle" Different interpretations, but terrorist groups use it as a declaration and duty to fight for Islam. it is an armed struggle against persecution and oppression
unmanned remote controlled plane used to fight the War on Terror. Has been used to aid the men on the ground due to Afghan geography which makes parts impossible to pass due to mountains, these planes can get where men can not.