Ch. 4 Diseases and Conditions of the Endocrine System

Created by Kirsten1980 

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acidosis

A pathologic condition resulting from the accumulation of acids in the body.

corticotropin

signals the release of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) from the anterior lobe of the pituitary

epiphyseal

the long end of a bone where bone growth occurs.

gonadotropin

a hormone that stimulates the testes and the ovaries to function

hyperglycemia

A greater than normal amount of glucose in the blood.

hyperkalemia

An abnormally high concentration of potassium ions in the blood; high potassium

hypocalcemia

Abnormally low levels of calcium in the blood

hypothalamus

a portion of the diencephalon of the brain.

panhypopituitarism

Condition in which the entire pituitary glands ceases to function and is not producing pituitary hormones.

polydipsia

Condition of excessive thirst

polyphagia

Excessive eating

polyuria

Condition of excessive urination

pruritus

Itching

radioimmunoassay

radiology used to detect the concentration of an antigen or antibody or other protein in the serum.

Somatotropin

Growth-stimulating hormone produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland

thyrotoxicosis

a toxic condition caused by hyperactivity of the thyroid gland

thyrotropin

thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)

thyroxine

Hormone secreted from the thyroid gland that promotes growth and development; increases metabolic rate in cells

triiodothyronine

a hormone that helps regulate growth and development, metabolism, and body temperature.

vasopressin

antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

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