COM FINAL_ MULTIPLE CHOICE

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Which of the following is an instance of informative speaking?

a student sharing ideas about leadership based on a book she has read

Which of the following is an instance of informative speaking?

a teacher explaining the requirements for an assignment

Which of the following is an instance of informative speaking?

an ambassador urging changes in international adoption laws

Which of the following is an instance of informative speaking?

a and c only
-a business manager reporting on next year's budget
-a teacher lecturing about methods of speech organization

Which of the following is an instance of informative speaking?

a banker explaining how the stock market operates

Which of the following is an instance of informative speaking?

a doctor explaining how antioxidants affect the body

In an informative speech, the speaker acts as a(n)

teacher

According to your textbook, the aims of an informative speech include

d. all of the above
communicating the speaker's information clearly, communicating the speaker's information accurately, and making the speaker's information meaningful to the audience.

"To inform my audience about the major achievements of Ronald Reagan" is a specific purpose statement for an informative speech about a(n)

object

. "To inform my audience about the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II" is an example of a specific purpose statement for an informative speech about a(n)

event

"To inform my audience about the major parts of a 35-millimeter camera" is a specific purpose statement for an informative speech about a(n)

object

"To inform my audience about the three stages in a job interview" is a specific purpose statement for an informative speech about a(n)

process

Speeches about are often more complex than other types of informative speeches.

concepts

Speeches about are often more complex than other types of informative speeches.

topical

If your specific purpose were "To inform my audience how windows are manufactured," you would probably organize your speech in order.

chronological or topical

Which of the following is mentioned in your textbook as a guideline for effective informative speaking?

• Relate the subject directly to the audience.
• Don't be too technical.
• Personalize your ideas.

Which of the following is mentioned in your textbook as one of the five major guidelines for effective informative speaking?

Relate the subject directly to the audience.

Which of the following is mentioned in your textbook as a guideline for effective informative speaking?

Don't overestimate what the audience knows.

When giving an informative speech, you should take special care to

translate technical information into everyday language.

Which of the following is presented in your textbook as a guideline for effective informative speaking?

Relate the topic directly and personally to your audience.

Of all the kinds of speechmaking, ______ speaking is the most complex and the most challenging.

persuasive

Which of the following is an instance of persuasive speaking?

A developer urging the city council to build a new convention center.

According to your textbook, you should think of your persuasive speech as

a kind of mental dialogue with the audience.

That part of the audience a speaker most wants to persuade is called the

target audience

If you want to persuade a skeptical audience, which of the following is it most important for you to do in your speech?

Answer the reasons for the audience's skepticism.

As your textbook explains, if you want to persuade a skeptical audience, you need to

Answer the reasons for the audience's skepticism.

The three types of questions that give rise to persuasive speeches are questions of

fact, value, and policy.

"To persuade my audience that soccer will become the highest revenue-producing sport in the United States by 2015" is a specific purpose statement for a persuasive speech on a question of

fact

According to your textbook, "To persuade my audience that doctor-assisted suicide is morally acceptable" is a specific purpose statement for a persuasive speech on a question of

value

At which of the following would you be most likely to hear a persuasive speech on a question of fact?

a jury trial

Persuasive speeches on questions of fact are usually organized in what ype of order.

topical

As your textbook explains, whenever you give a persuasive speech on a question of value, you need to

. justify your value judgment against a set of standards or criteria.

As your textbook explains, when you give a persuasive speech on a question of , you can seek either passive agreement or immediate action from your audience.

policy

Which of the following specific purpose statements is from a persuasive speech seeking passive agreement?

To persuade my audience that the campus library should be open 24 hours a day.

Which of the following specific purpose statements is from a persuasive speech seeking immediate action?

To persuade my audience to decrease the amount of electricity they use during the summer in order to prevent blackouts.

Regardless of whether your aim is to encourage passive agreement or immediate action, you must deal with three basic issues whenever you discuss a question of policy. They are

need, plan, and practicality.

Which of the following statements is most clearly directed at the practicality issue in a persuasive speech on a question of policy?

If my plan is adopted, it will be less expensive than the current system.

Nina's persuasive speech contained the following statement:

The lack of a national law requiring seat belts on school buses is a serious problem in the United States. Last year alone, 437 children were killed and more than 5,000 injured in accidents involving school buses. Given all the advances in automobile safety in recent years, how can we continue to allow our children to ride in unsafe vehicles?

While attempting to persuade her audience to volunteer for a community literacy program, Terri provided evidence that volunteering takes only two hours a week and that employers look for volunteer service on resumés from job applicants. Which of the three basic issues of persuasive speeches on questions of policy was Terri addressing in this section of her speech?

practicality

What organizational method for persuasive speeches is designed to take the audience through the five steps of attention, need, satisfaction, visualization, and action?

Monroe's motivated sequence

According to your textbook, a dyad is

a group of two people.

As explained in your textbook, one of the defining traits of a small group is that

members of the group assemble for a specific purpose.

As explained in your textbook, which of the following is a defining trait of a small group?

-the group assembles for a specific purpose
-the group contains a minimum of three members

A group member to whom other members defer because of his or her rank or expertise is called a(n)

implied leader.

The person who assumes a leadership role in a small group because of her or his ability, personality, or talkativeness is termed a(n)

emergent leader

According to your textbook, a small group that meets for only one session should almost always have a(n) leader.

designated

Miriam is the only member of her small group with professional experience on their subject, so her group naturally looks to her to guide the project. What kind of leader is Miriam?

implied leader

As the vice president for employee relations, Manuel is the only member of his company's executive team attending informal small group meetings where employees are considering proposals to revise the company's personal leave policies. Beginning at its very first meeting the group looks to Manuel for leadership. What kind of leader is Manuel?

implied leader

Rochelle was appointed by her boss to chair a small committee to draft a policy statement on personal use of the office computers. She called a meeting of the group for 9 A.M. Wednesday morning. According to your textbook, what kind of leader is Rochelle?

designated leader

As chair of the student advisory committee, Brad began the meeting by distributing the agenda and minutes from the last meeting. According to your textbook, what kind of leadership need did Brad's action fulfill?

a procedural need

Randall is talkative and offers his opinions freely during small group meetings. Because he participates more than the other members, he has assumed a leadership role within the group. What kind of leader is Randall?

emergent leader

According to your textbook, what are the three kinds of leadership needs faced by all problem-solving small groups?

task needs, procedural needs, and maintenance needs

According to your textbook, which of the following is a task need of a problem-solving small group?

formulating criteria for judging the best solution

Stacey is part of a problem-solving small group in her speech class. As the first meeting of the group came to an end, Stacey volunteered her apartment as a place for the group to hold its next meeting. According to your textbook, what kind of leadership need did Stacey's action fulfill?

a procedural need

Myenne is part of a problem-solving small group in her speech class. When the group was deciding how best to go about its work, Myenne suggested that group members work in pairs, with each pair tackling one of the main issues facing the group. According to your textbook, what kind of leadership need did Myenne's action fulfill?

a task need

Which of the following is a maintenance need of a problem-solving small group?

reducing interpersonal tension in the group

According to your textbook, each of the following is a procedural need of a small group except

analyzing the issue facing the group.

Which of the following is mentioned in your textbook as a responsibility of every member in a small group?

encourage full participation

According to your textbook, when formulating a question for discussion, a problem-solving small group should phrase the question

so as to allow a wide variety of answers.

In a sense, defining the problem for a problem-solving small group discussion is like choosing the _____ for a speech.

specific purpose

What contemporary researchers term credibility, Aristotle termed

ethos

According to your textbook, the two most important factors affecting the credibility of a persuasive speaker are

competence and character.

According to your textbook, the two most important factors affecting the credibility of a persuasive speaker are competence and

character

To create common ground with an audience in the introduction of a persuasive speech, your textbook recommends that you

show the audience that you share their values.

Efram's audience was persuaded by his speech because they perceived him to be sincere, trustworthy, and to have their best interests at heart. Which factor of credibility influenced Efram's audience?

character

Which of the following statements about speaker credibility is true?

The same speaker can have high credibility for one audience and low credibility for another audience

Which of the following statements about speaker credibility is true?

A speaker's credibility is affected above all by how the audience perceives the speaker's competence and character.

A local landlord with a reputation for failing to return security deposits at the end of a lease has been invited to present his viewpoint at a meeting of the local tenants' union. To everyone's surprise, the landlord accepts the invitation despite the fact that he will be facing an audience with a decidedly negative view of his integrity. What factor will the landlord have to overcome if his speech is to have any chance of being persuasive?

low initial credibility

The credibility of a speaker before he or she starts to speak is called credibility.

initial

According to your textbook, the credibility of a speaker at the end of the speech is called
credibility.

terminal

According to your textbook, the credibility of a speaker produced by everything the speaker says or does during the speech itself is called

derived credibility

Which of the following is recommended in your textbook as a way to enhance your credibility in a persuasive speech?

all of the above:
-explain your expertise on the speech topic
-deliver your speeches fluently and expressively
-establish common ground with your audience

Which of the following is recommended in your textbook as a way to enhance your credibility in a persuasive speech?

establish common ground with your audience

According to your textbook, research has shown that

speakers can enhance their credibility by delivering their speeches fluently and expressively.

Using evidence is especially critical in a persuasive speech when your target audience

opposes your point of view.

According to your textbook, it is especially important to use evidence in a persuasive speech to

answer listeners' objections to your position.

Studies have found that public speakers will usually be more persuasive when they

present evidence in specific rather than general terms.

As your textbook explains, studies have found that public speakers will usually be more persuasive when they

all of the above:
-use specific evidence.
- use evidence from credible sources.
- use evidence that is new to the audience.

According to your textbook, as a persuasive speaker, your two major concerns with respect to reasoning are to

make sure your reasoning is sound and convincing.

What error in reasoning is exemplified by the following statement?

hasty generalizations

Which of the following is an example of a speech for a special occasion?

a speech presenting an award to a retiring newspaper editor

One main purpose of a speech of introduction is to

create a welcoming climate to build enthusiasm for the main speaker.

Which of the following is recommended by your textbook as a guideline for a speech of introduction?

Make sure your remarks about the main speaker are completely accurate.

According to your textbook, the best way to create a sense of anticipation and drama in a speech of introduction is to

save the name of the main speaker for last.

A speaker introducing the president of a university to an audience of prospective students and their families will best accomplish this goal by

summarizing the president's major accomplishments at the university.

. All of the following are presented in your textbook as guidelines for a speech of introduction except

bring the speech to life by using a hypothetical example.

One method recommended in your textbook for creating a sense of drama and anticipation in a speech of introduction is to

save the name of the main speaker until the final moment.

Before presenting the college's Athlete of the Year award, the athletic director made a point of praising the two athletes who were runners up in this year's competition. According to your textbook, was this choice appropriate for a speech of presentation?

Yes. It is often appropriate to praise the losers of a competition.

As your textbook explains, when you give a speech of introduction you should be sure to adapt your remarks to the

all of the above:
-occasion, audience, and main speaker

According to your textbook, the main purpose of a speech of presentation is to present

a gift or an award to the recipient.

Which of the following is an example of a speech of presentation?

a speech presenting an award to an outstanding student

At a comedy awards show, Adam Sandler gave a splendid speech explaining why David Letterman was receiving a special award for his achievements in television comedy. According to your textbook, what kind of special occasion speech did Sandler deliver?

a speech of presentation

When Carlos Bustamante was presented the Alumni of the Year award at his alma mater's annual award dinner, he gave a speech thanking the school for recognizing his work. What kind of speech did Carlos give?

an acceptance speech

According to your textbook, a speech in which an individual gives thanks for a gift or award is termed a(n)

acceptance speech.

According to your textbook, in a speech of acceptance a speaker should usually

-thank the people who are bestowing the award.
-express appreciation for the people who helped him or her gain the award.

According to your textbook, the major traits of a good acceptance speech are brevity, humility, and

graciousness.

Which of the following is an example of a commemorative speech?

a speech praising the architectural accomplishments of Frank Lloyd Wright at the opening of a museum devoted to his work

Which of the following is an example of a commemorative speech?

A speech honoring Martin Luther King's life and legacy at the opening event for the campus-wide Martin Luther King Day observances.

According to your textbook, a speech that pays tribute to a person, a group, an institution, or an idea is called a

commemorative speech.

According to your textbook, when your fundamental purpose in a speech is to inspire the audience, you are most likely going to be giving a(n) speech.

commemorative speech.

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