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Causes of the Revolutionary War test about the 10 causes in Mr. Paul's class.

Great Awakening

new focus on religion in the colonies called when preachers went around telling people to focus more on God than money

Gentry Jobs

Church officials and plantation owners

Allies of Native Americans in French and indian war

The French

General Braddock

1,000 soldiers were killed with this general who had been warned by George Washington in the French and indian war

Proclamation Line of 1763

What King George III did when he decided he didn't want the colonists exploring or getting killed in the Ohio River Valley

tariff

Tax on foreign products, on imported goods

4 social classes in order from highest to lowest

gentry, middle, no name, lower/slave

Who won the french and indian war?

Great Britain and the Colonists

Treaty

peace agreement at the end of a war

Stamp Act

Put a tax on printed items such as newspapers, legal documents, and playing cards

Declaratory Act

Said parliament had the right to tax the colonies

militia

a group of volunteer citizens ready to fight

Coercive Act

closed the Boston Harbor until the colonists paid the british for damaged tea

Sons of Liberty

A group formed by colonists who protested British taxes and laws

Townshend Act

Placed taxes on paint, glass, lead, paper, and tea. Came after Declaratory Act

What did 1 flash of light from the bell tower mean to Paul Revere?

British were coming by land

How many colonists were killed in the Boston Massacre?

5

In what year did the Revolutionary War begin?

1775

Battle at Lexington

First battle of revolutionary war

Loyalist

Someone who lived in the colonies but wanted to continue supporting the British government

Ohio River Valley

Area of land that Great Britain received as part of the Treaty of Paris

What happened to the soldiers who were put on trial after the Boston Massacre?

7 were acquitted, 2 were branded on the thumbs for manslaughter

What John Locke believed

That government was supposed to protect its peoples' freedoms of life, liberty, and property and if they didn't, the people should have the power to change it.

Quartering Act

Act after the Sugar act that made colonists house, clothe, and feed british soldiers.

Boycott

Someone refuses to buy or use a product as a form of protest

How many British soldiers were killed at the battle of Lexington?

0

The 1st continental congress was held in what city?

Philadelphia

The colonists wrote a letter to the King and succeeded when trying to get the King to get rid of what act?

Stamp Act

In what year was the Boston Massacre?

1770

Why did Britain think the Tea Act was good for colonists?

It lowered the tax on tea

Why did the colonists think the Tea Act was bad?

It took jobs from the colonists

Who fired the first shot at the Battle of Lexington?

No one knows for sure

Who was the british captain during the Boston Massacre?

Captain Preston

How many soldiers did Britain send to help the colonists the 2nd time they asked for help in the French and Indian War?

9000

The british king during the French and Indian War

King George II

Why did the colonists dress up as Indians during the Boston Tea Party?

to disguise themselves so the British didn't know who they were

In what city was the Stamp act congress held?

New york city

Who was one of the leaders of the Sons of Liberty?

John Hancock or Sam Adams

How many colonists made up the militia that gathered in Lexington?

70

Smuggling

illegally sneaking something into the country

Middle Class jobs

doctors and lawyers

How were social classes different in the colonies rather than in britain?

In the colonies you could move up or down, in britain you couldn't move

Crispus Attucks

First african american colonists that was killed in the Boston Massacre

In what city did the colonists win their first battle of the Revolutionary War?

Concord

Patriot

a colonist who favored independence from the british

How many riders warned the colonists that the British were coming to take a shed full of weapons in Concord?

3

What was the colonists' biggest argument against British taxes

NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION!

Bayonet

a long steel knife attached to the end of a musket

National Debt

total sum of money a country owes

What colonist made a picture of the Boston Massacre from the colonists' point of view?

Paul Revere

What war put Britain in a big national debt?

French and Indian War

Parliament

the British lawmaking group

1 reason why the colonists thought the Coercive Act was unfair

Not all the colonists should be punished for something a small group did OR colonists could not pay for the tea if they weren't able to work with the harbor closed

What was the Tea Act the cause for?

Boston Tea Party

The shots fired at Lexington were the immediate cause of what war?

Revolutionary War

From a colonists point of view, give 1 reason why the townshend acts were worse than the stamp act

5 things taxed instead of 3 OR needs taxed instead of wants

Where were the colonists hiding weapons that the british found out about?

Concord

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