They were a group of Scots-Irish men living in the Appalachian hills that wanted protection from Indian attacks. They made an armed march on Philadelphia in 1764. They protested the lenient way that the Quakers treated the Indians. Their ideas started the Regulator Movement in North Carolina.
Was a small but nasty insurrection in North Carolina against eastern domination of the colony\\\'s affairs.
A three way system of trade during 1600-1800s Africa sent slaves to America, America sent Raw Materials to Europe, and Europe sent Guns and Rum to Africa
its intent was to stop the North American trade with the French West Indies- colonists smuggled their way around it
People\\\'s free will determines salvation, not predestination
Massachusetts pastor who spurred the great awakening. a pulpit pounder... :)
The Great Awakening
a religious revival in the colonies
emphasized strong spiritual lives. guilted people into giving to the poor, and having religious experiences
orthodox clergy (dn like great awakening)
supported the great awakening
contributed greatly to the literature... wrote books with deep morals
contributed greatly to the literature... wrote books with deep morals
Zenger was put on trial for criticizing the government, but won the case. 1st time ever there was freedom of the press/speech
Edict of Nantes
issued in France to grant religious toleration to the Huguenots
Samuel de Chaplain
French explorer who lead the expedition to canada
French king during the french exploration... he directly ruled America
coureurs de bois
french fur trappers
Motives for french?
fur, convert, beat english/spanish
King William\\\'s War and Queen Anne\\\'s War
guerilla style warfare fought between english and france.
How did E win King William\\\'s war?
they captured port royal
War of Jenkin\\\'s Ear and King George\\\'s war
conflicts between Spanish and English. France joined Spain and they got beat by English... again
French and Indian War/ Seven Years\\\' War
vicious war that involved almost all of the world
What were the sides of the 7 years\\\' war?
Britain and Prussia vs. France, Spain, Austria, and Russia
Why did the English call the Albany Congress?
to make peace with the Indians and unite the colonies
Why did the Albany Congress not really work?
delegates from every colony were not there, and people half-heartedly agreed with colonial unity
English war leader... shifted English strategy to Montreal and Quebec in 7 years\\\' war, ended up winning!
Treaty of Paris
English won montreal in 1760 from France
why were the colonies disunifyed before 1760?
distance, religion, nationalities, governmental differences, and class differences
Proclamation of 1763
Crown issued this for the colonists- prohibiting them from settling beyond the Appalachians
personal agenda was gone... everything was for the greater good
vigilant about tricker and deciet from the government
What were the ideaologies that planted the roots for the revolution?
Radical Whigs and Republicanism
Favorable balance of trade
enacted theory of mercantilism- mandated all trade to go to England
Crown could veto any law they wanted that America passed... specifically if the law interefered with mer\'ism
why was the royal veto so infuriating
that the crown had any oppurtunity to veto anything... that really dn leave much of a purpose for their elected local governments
personal agendas were gone... all for greater good. no monarchy and aristocracy. this helped generate a rebellious feel in america
vigilant about tricker and deceit from the government. this helped generate a rebellious feel in america
favorable balance of trade... and that a country's power lies in their treasury department
enacted theory of mercantilism in the colonies... regulated trade to only england
how did mercantilism benefit the colonies?
1. paid ship builders a LOT of $
2. tobacco producers got a monopoly in England
3. protection from strong navy for 0$
why did the colonists not like the theory of mercantilism and how it effected them?
1. no economic initiative
2. entirely dependent on England
3. felt used and debased by it
who was john hancock, and what was he famous for?
big wholesale smuggler in response to the navigation laws
prime minister of england who forced various acts unto the colonists in response to the severe debt of england from the 7 year's war
tax on sugar- 1st tax for only revenue to the crown.
colonists had to provide food and shelter for soldiers
almost anything printed got taxed
why were the colonists so angry at such small taxes from the crown?
1. pinched pocketbooks
2. took away their liberties as Englishmen
court without a jury, burden of proof was on the accused, and if people violated the intolerable acts, then they would be tried here
writs of assistance
search and seizure without reasonable suspicion
what economic factors made colonists displeased with england?
1. different taxes
2. taxation without representation
parliament did represent the colonists, but americans did not get to vote on who was representing them
Stamp Act Congress
27 delegates from 9 colonies got together and wrote grievances to England... united the colonies, but little effect in England.
partial boycott of British goods
Sons/daughters of Liberty
outspoken against British enforced boycott, raided officers' homes, violent protests, etc.
Act issued from parliament after the repeal of the stamp act, saying that England still had a right to tax the colonies
tax on glass, lead, paper, paint, tea, etc.
tax that only affects a group of people... not the entire population
Colonists in Boston were jeering at the 2 regiments of english soldiers who were sent over from england, and both sides started firing at each other.
Lawyer who defended British soldiers in the Boston Massacre trial. He believed in "innocent until proven guilty." In spite of these actions, he supported colonial independence.
King George III
King of England, stubborn, stupid, levied taxes even though he knew colonist would hate it, poor ruler, passed the Intolerable Acts, hated colonists, wanted to show who was in charge
1770's-1782 King George III's stout prime minister in the 1770's, reacting with the intolerable acts and His stern response to the Boston Tea Party helped unite the American colonists against England.
one of the main leaders of the revolution
Committees of Correspondence
Organization founded by Samuel Adams consisting of a system of communication between patriot leaders in New England and throughout the colonies
British East India Co
the non-importation acts issued by the colonists were almost sending them into bankruptcy, so england made them a monopoly in America
How did the colonists view the monopolizing of the industry by the BEIC?
they saw it as trickery: and a way for England to tax them, without looking like they're taxing them.
Boston Port Act
England closed Boston's port until the damage done by the Boston Tea Party could be entirely paid for.
French were guaranteed religious/cultural freedom in the areas that England took over their land in the 7 year's war. Quebec territory was tripled in size... severely depleting the size of the colonies. Colonists were PISSED
1st Continental Congress
Met in Philadelphia to address colonial grievances and to find a solution.
Declaration of Rights
the 1st continental congress conjured this up (a list of grievances) to send to England
agreement on non-importation, non-exportation, and non-consumption.
What happened at Lexington and Concord?
England sent troops to lexington and concord to steal gun powder from colonial supplies and to kidnap Samuel Adams and John Hancock. Turned into a vicious battle.
What were some strengths of England?
amazing naval power
German soldiors hired to help
What were Hessians?
Germans soldiors hired from Englad to help them win
What were some weaknesses of England?
Ireland/France were about to revolt
Whigs did not like to think of killing their peers- dn like the Tories
generals of the army sucked
3,000 miles from England
America was wide and spread out: no one central location to defeat
What were some strengths of the Colonies?
help from France
agriculture/economy was self-sustaining
shared belief in a just cause
What were some weaknesses of the Colonies?
distrust/distance from other colonies
forced to print paper money... ran out of gold and silver
Marquis de Lafayette
French war general who helped out the colonists a lot
Soldiors went witout food for 3 days
Baron von Steuben
German who helped whip the Colonists into shape for betraying England
promised freedom to any black man who joined the war effort
Black's role in the war?
served as spies