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Alliteration

Repetition of the same or very similar constant sounds usually at the beginning of words that are close together in a poem

Assonance

Repetition of similar vowel sounds

Ballad

a song or songlike poem that tells a story

End Rhyme

Rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry

Internal Rhyme

a rhyme between words in the same line

Rhyme Scheme

the pattern of rhyme in a poem

Rhyme

the repetition of sounds at the ends of words

Meter

a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry

Rhythm

Musical quality in language produced by repetition

Hyperbole

a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor

Sonnet

a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme

Stanza

a fixed number of lines of verse forming a unit of a poem

Couplet

two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme

Imagery

language that appeals to the senses

Narrative Poetry

poetry that tells a story

Lyric Poetry

Personal, reflective poetry that reveals the speaker's thoughts and feelings about the subject

Dramatic Poetry

poetry in which one or more characters speak

Epic

a long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds

Blank Verse

unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter)

Free Verse

Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme

Refrain

a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song

Metaphor

a figure of speech comparing to unlike things without using like or as

Simile

a comparison of two unlike things using like or as

Personification

A figure of speech in which an animal, an object, or an idea is given human form or characteristics

Poetry

A kind of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery designed to appeal to our emotions and imagination.

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