Health and Wellness Basics

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Personal Health and Wellness, Consumer Health, and Safety and Environmental Health

Unit One --->

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Personal Health and Wellness : A Healthy Lifestyle .

...

Close to 1 million premature deaths are caused by air pollution each year around the world.

- True
- False

- False .

Heredity is considered a controllable risk factor.

- True
- False

- False .

Making good lifestyle choices will prevent all diseases.

- True
- False

- False .

According to the direct instruction, which of the following is a leading cause of death among young people in the United States?

- A.Lung disease
- B.Communicable diseases
- C. Accidents
- D. Diabetes

- C.

If someone is predisposed to a disease, they are more likely to contract the disease due to __________.

- A. lifestyle choices
- B. heredity
- C. random chance
- D. factors other than heredity or lifestyle

- B.

Mindy is speaking at a community event to help people understand the importance of healthy eating. Which statement BEST describes Mindy's behavior?

- A. Mindy is leading by example.
- B. Mindy is living a healthy lifestyle.
- C. Mindy is actively learning about healthy lifestyles.
- D. Mindy is acting as a health advocate.

- D.

Personal behavior is the only factor that determines if a person becomes ill.

- False .

Which of the following is NOT a reason why communicable diseases, such as pneumonia, kill fewer people today than they did in the past?
- A. continuing medical advances
- B. slower population growth
- C. improved living conditions
- D. better preventive treatment

- B.

Amanda (age 39) lives a very hectic life that allows for little sleep. She doesn't eat a healthy diet or exercise. She is worried because her mother developed heart disease at the age of 40. What are the uncontrollable risk factors in Amanda's situation?

- A. environment, stress, lack of sleep
- B. diet, age, and lack of exercise
- C. gender, diet, and the environment
- D. heredity, age, and gender

- D.

Which of the following is a controllable risk factor of infectious diseases?
- A. drug abuse
- B. pollution
- C. air
- D. heredity

- A.

An advocate speaks out in favor of something they believe in.

- True
- False

- True .

A risk factor can be defined as anything that increases the likelihood of injury or disease.

- True
- False

- True .

Deaths due to lifestyle diseases have declined since the early 1900s.

- True
- False

- False .

Consumer Health : Dealing With Consumer Issues

...

The Office of Regulator Affairs is a part of which federal organization?

- A. FCC
- B. FTC
- C. FDA
- D. FBI

C.

The Chinese practice of "cupping" is traditionally intended to rebalance __________.

- A. energy
- B. water
- C. salt
- D. heat

- A.

How much money is wasted on fraudulent health products each year in the US?

- A. thousands of dollars
- B. millions of dollars
- C. billions of dollars
- D. trillions of dollars

- C.

Products approved by the FDA are completely without risk.

- False .

Some people think that a low-carbohydrate diet is healthy. Which of the following statements is the most likely reason for that fallacy?

- A. Many people are able to lose weight with the diet.
- B. Many people have reported improved overall health after using the diet.
- C. Scientists think that the diet can help people live longer.
- D. Scientists have published studies touting benefits to overall wellness.

- A.

You should be worried about the safety of a healthcare product if you see which of the following claims made?

- A. FDA approved!
- B. Miracle cure!
- C. Scientifically tested!
- D. Effective in double-blind study!

- B.

One responsibility of the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research is to work with product marketers.

- False

Doing sit-ups will not reduce belly fat because __________.

- A. sit-ups do not use enough energy to burn fat
- B. anaerobic exercises do not utilize fats
- C. it is impossible to reduce fat in just one area of the body
- D. dieting is the only way to reduce belly fat

- C.

It is ultimately up to the buyer to avoid fraud.

- True

Which of the following is a reason that a drug may not receive FDA approval?

- A. The drug is made in a foreign country.
- B. The drug is unavailable in some places.
- C. The drug is expensive.
- D. The drug is ineffective.

- D.

Which of the following is the BEST way to ensure you are receiving the best possible nutrition?

- A. eating whole grains every morning and evening
- B. reducing the amount of salt and sugar in foods
- C. eating a wide variety of foods
- D. using olive oil instead of butter for cooking

- C.

A fallacy is a __________.

- A. type of medical breakthrough that is commonly accepted after FDA testing
- B. false or mistaken idea often based on illogical or invalid reasoning and facts
- C. pill that does not contain any medicine, used to conduct double-blind studies
- D. medical professional who has been trained to investigate all types of medical fraud

- B.

Product testimonials are very reliable.

- False

Using evidence to dispel myths or false beliefs is one way to move closer to evidence-based practice.

- True

Safety and Environmental Health : Making Wise Personal Safety Decisions

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Which of the following could be a potential safety hazard of indoor recreation?

- A. slippery rocks and loose gravel
- B. flash floods
- C. traveling without a compass, map, or GPS
- D. a liquid spill on the floor that was not cleaned

- D

Which of the following steps is NOT involved in drownproofing?
- A. Swim 10 meters closer to the shore and then relax.
- B. Straighten the legs, press arms down, and then inhale.
- C. Every 5 to 10 seconds, raise arms, separate legs to lift the mouth above the water, and exhale.
- D. Relax in the rest position.

- A

Diarrhea is the most common recreational water illness because it is caused by dehydration.

- False

When planning a water activity, it's best to include a friend or a group of friends rather than going alone, even if it's an easy activity.

- True

It is not necessary to wear a lifejacket on a boat as long as there is one available.

- False

Which of the following is of the least importance for safety when planning a recreational outing?

- A. the weather forecast at your house
- B. the amount of water you plan to take
- C. the equipment and clothing you pack
- D. the weather conditions in the area of travel

- A

What was the greatest cause of weather-related fatalities in the United States in 2008?

- A. tornadoes
- B. heat
- C. flashfloods
- D. hurricanes

- A

It is unimportant to take the weather into account when you are planning water activities.

- False

Wilma is 4'8" tall and needs to get a glass from a top shelf of a cabinet so she can get something to drink. Which of the following is the safest choice for Wilma?
- A. jumping to knock the glass into her hands
- B. using a stool or a small ladder to reach the glass
- C. grabbing a chair from the table and using it to reach the glass
- D. climbing on the countertop so it will be easy to reach the glass

- B

Recreational water illnesses can only be contracted in fresh water sources, not swimming pools.

- False

When hiking or climbing, it is important to be watchful of areas where erosion has occurred, due to an increased risk of rock slides.

- True

Strong swimmers do NOT need to restrict themselves to swimming in areas patrolled by lifeguards.

- False

All houses are built according to safety standards, so it is not important to consider injury prevention while at home.

- false

Which is the BEST place to store medication?

- A. in a clearly labeled bottle in the medicine cabinet
- B. in a childproof bottle under the sink
- C. in a container in the refrigerator, on a top shelf that is hard to reach
- D. in a clearly labeled childproof bottle on a high shelf

- D

When is it NOT necessary for a person to wear sunscreen during a recreational activity?

- A. when it's cold outside
- B. when it's not a sunny day
- C. when the activity is shaded by trees
- D. when the activity is indoors

- D

Safety and Environmental Health : First Aid

...

"Make haste slowly" summarizes the attributes of a rescuer when applying first aid.

- True

Which of the following is the proper order for treating sprains?

- A. wrap, elevate, rest, apply ice
- B. elevate, apply ice, wrap, rest
- C. apply ice, elevate, rest, wrap
- D. apply ice, wrap, elevate, rest

- D

Which type of burn is BEST described in the image below?
Max Loss Of Skin
Reduced Feeling
Almost Whitish


- A. first-degree burn
- B. second-degree burn
- C. third-degree burn
- D. fourth-degree burn

- C

Which of the following is TRUE for CPR chest compressions?

- A. Compressions should be between 2.5 and 3 inches.
- B. 50 compressions should be followed by 2 rescue breaths.
- C. 100 compressions should be performed every minute.
- D. Elbows should be relaxed.

- C

Personal protective equipment is unnecessary when providing first aid.

- False

First aid can be administered to minor injuries, but severe injuries should be left for a professional.

- False

Consent from the victim is not always needed before providing first aid.

- True

Which type of burn is BEST described in the image below?
Blisters
Scarring
More Pain

- A. first-degree burn
- B. second-degree burn
- C. third-degree burn
- D. fourth-degree burn

- B

What does the C in the ABCs of resuscitation stand for?

- A. compassion
- B. compression
- C. commission
- D. computation

- B

Which of the following is NOT a type of injury commonly treated by first aid?

- A. burns
- B. cuts
- C. sprains
- D. hernias

- D

Which of the following statements BEST explains why third-degree burns are less painful than second-degree burns?

- A. Third-degree burns are not as severe as second-degree burns.
- B. Third-degree burns result in nerve damage, which reduces feeling.
- C. Blisters are a mechanism of second-degree burns to alleviate pain.
- D. Second-degree burns result in scarring.

- B

First aid can be administered to minor injuries, but severe injuries should be left for a professional.

- False

If additional bandages are needed for a severely bleeding wound they should be placed on top of the older bandages.

- True

People with first aid training can provide less assistance to accident victims than people without first aid training.

- False

The Heimlich maneuver, or abdominal thrust, should be used when someone is choking.

- True

Topic Test : Review

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Smoke alarms are only necessary in the workplace.

- False

The ABCs of first aid stand for __________.
- A. airway, breathing, and circulation
- B. accident, bruising, and caution
- C. allergy, bleeding, and CPR
- D. airway, bruising, and CPR

- A

How can providing first aid care be hazardous for the person providing the assistance?

Providing first aid can be hazardous to the provider if the accident victim is infected with a communicable disease. Many body fluids, such as blood and lymph, can serve as vectors for disease transmission. If first aid responders come into direct contact with body fluids while providing aid, they may be at risk. In addition, if the environmental conditions that led to the accident in the first place still exist, then the responders may be in the same danger for injury as the person being assisted.

Which of the following is NOT a necessary first aid procedure for treating cuts?

- A. calling for emergency assistance
- B. cleaning the wound
- C. applying pressure
- D. applying antibacterial ointment

- A

Why is the first step in responding to life-threatening situations to assess the situation?

Before initiating first aid, the provider needs to assess the situation. If the environment is hazardous, steps may need to be taken before first aid may commence. Effective first aid will not be possible, if either the provider or the victim is in danger of further injury. Only after ensuring that first aid can be provided safely should care actually be provided.

First aid is important because it __________.

- A. improves the chances of survival
- B. reduces the risk of permanent injury
- C. reduces the risk of infection
- D. all of the above

- D

Which of the following is NOT a safety precaution that should be practiced at home?
- A. unplugging electrical appliances not in use
- B. storing flammable materials in a cool place
- C. turning off the television at night
- D. not overloading outlets

- C

Pollution does not generally impact the safety of outdoor activities since it's generally restricted to cities.

- False

Compare and contrast the three different classifications of burns.

First-degree burns are the most minor burns, such as mild sunburns and scalding by hot but not boiling water. They redden the skin and cause a small amount of pain. Second-degree burns are more severe than first-degree burns and are typified by blisters and increased pain. Third-degree burns are the most severe and result in a large loss of skin and damage to the nerves in the skin, which actually can make them less painful than second-degree burns despite being far more damaging.

Which of the following procedures for providing first aid for severe bleeding is NOT correct?

- A. The victim should sit upright.
- B. The wound should be elevated.
- C. Gloves should be worn.
- D. New bandages should be placed on top of old bandages.

- A

Burns are classified into four different groups.

- False

What are three things you can do to prevent a fire from occurring in your home?

To prevent a fire from occurring, one should keep flammable materials away from heaters, use appliances according to manufacturer specifications, keep matches and lighters away from children, unplug electrical appliances when not in use, and avoid overloading outlets.

Water on the kitchen floor at home is considered a safety hazard.

- True

Why is it important to consider wildlife when planning an outdoor activity?

For safety, it is important to consider the danger of aggressive animals like bears or wolves when planning an outdoor activity because an attack could potentially be fatal. It is also very important to plan for things like poisonous plants and harmful insects to determine if it is necessary to carry insect repellant and first aid ointments.

What types of outdoor activities can be impacted by pollution and how can they be affected?

Air pollution can irritate respiratory conditions and make it hard to breath, especially for the elderly and children. Since illness can be caused by bacteria that live in water, pollution in water can lead to serious illness.

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