Central America

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Isthmus of Panama

connects North and South America

Mountains

feature running down the center of CA

arable

CA has very little _______ land

volcanoes, earthquakes, hurricanes

three natural hazards in CA

100

CA has more than ____ active volcanoes

volcanoes

Create fertile land along with destruction in CA

San Salvador

city in El Salvador that since 16th century has been destroyed 10 times by earthquakes

1998

year of Hurricane Mitch—hit Nicaragua and Honduras hard

Nicaragua, honduras

countries hit hard by hurricane mitch

mineral, farmland

CA has no large ______ deposits and only small parts of ________

coffee, bananas, cotton

3 Biggest exports of CA

El Salvador, Costa Rica, Guatemala

countries that gained independence in 1821

Belize

Used to be called British Honduras—English speaking

British Honduras

old name for Belize

1981

Belize Gained independence in ____

belize

Fewest people of any country in CA

belize

country w/ 3rd largest offshore coral reef (tourism is big)

african

Belize has more people of _____ descent than many other CA countries

Guatemala

country that has the largest population in CA (12.7 million)

Indian

½ of Guatemala's population is of ________ descent

textiles

guatemala is known for lots of ________ (Dozier says most beautiful in the world)

coffee

guatemala's Major export

tikal

most famous mayan ruins

guatemala

country with mayan ruins

guatemala

country that contains the Largest pyramids in the Western hemisphere

Bananas, coffee

50% of exports in honduras, 2 things

El Salvador

Most densely populated country in CE (867 people per square mile)

el salvador

country w/ a civil war from 1979-1992

el salvador

country that has a lot of money from remittances (legal and illegal immigrants in US)

Daniel Ortega

1980s, he was a communist, became president of nicaragua

Contras

rebel group in Nicaragua against commies

Sandinistas

Ortega was a member of the political group ________ (commie group) in Nicaragua

nicaragua

CA country involved in iran-contra affair

Costa Rica

Stable, highest standard of living, longest period of peace

costa rica

Means "rich coast"

costa rica

country w/ no real NA imprint (over 90% consider themselves European—Spain)

Costa Rica

country that became the first CA country to earn more from manufacturing than farming

Tourism

big industry in costa rica

Panama

Closest to US of all CA countries

Canal Zone

Strip of land 10 miles wide coast to coast

1914

year canal zone in panama was completed

1979

year Carter started talking about turning canal zone over to Panamanians

Noriega

president of panama who was interviewed by barbara walters

1989

year bush invaded Panama, played acid rock to get noriega turned over

canal zone

Remains panama's chief source of income (tax ships by weight)

1999

year US gave canal zone to panama

Greater Antilles

Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Hispaniola

greater antilles, Bahamas, Lesser Antilles

3 parts of caribbean

sport, commercial

_____ fishing is good in caribbean, but _______ isn't (water isn't deep enough)

windward

The _______ (N and E) sides of the caribbean islands can receive up to 200 inches of rain a year

leeward

______ side of caribbean islands, only gets 30 inches

Trinidad

caribbean island with many people from Asia (India and China)

cuba

One of the world's top exporters of sugar

1959

year Castro overthrew leader of cuba

2007

year castro turned over power to Raul Castro (his brother)

2002

year US began using naval base at Guantanamo Bay to detain prisoners from Afghanistan

Haiti

Gained independence from France in 1804

haiti

Became the world's first black republic

haiti

Ranks as one of the poorest countries in the world (poorest in western hemisphere)

haiti

country w/ Roman Catholicism and Voodoo (religion based in west Africa)

Santo Domingo

first permanent European settlement in the New World (Spanish)

dominican republic

poor, but better off than haiti

Jamaica

english-speaking, Mountainous, less than 20% of land is arable, has bauxite

Bob Marley

reggae, 3rd world's first superstar

Puerto Rico

one of the highest GDP per capita b/c of US

cuba, puerto rico

Spanish colonies until 1898 (two countries)

Self-Governing Commonwealth

title of puerto rico (in relation to US)

Virgin Islands

Some belong to US, others to UK

US, UK

virgin islands, some belong to __ others to ____

Denmark

US purchased their virgin islands in 1917 from ______

Bahamas

700 islands fringed with coral reefs

bahamas

Low-lying islands (no high elevations)

bahamas

Has to import almost all of its food—islands made of coral reef

Barbados

Most densely populated country in the western hemisphere

Trinidad and Tobago

43% Black and 40% Asian

trinidad and tobago

country w/ Largest natural asphalt lake in the world

Pitch Lake

largest natural asphalt lake in the world

Netherland Antilles

Aruba, Bonaire, and Curacao

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