A disease which occurs most commonly in women between the ages of 20 and 50 and is characterized by destruction of joint surfaces, joint capsule and ligaments causing marked deformity and joint instability is
A fracture that occurs at a site already weakened by a disease process such as cancer is called a ___________________ fracture.
A patient had a rash on the flat anterior surface of the hand. The physician writes in the patient's medical record that the rash is located on the ________________ surface of the hand.
A person trained as an orthopedic technologist can be expected to
assist orthopedic surgeons in their treatments of patients.
A surgical procedure of the hand involving the complete replacement of a damaged finger joint with and artificial joint made of silicone rubber is called a (an)__________.
A type of bone fracture in which the bone breaks into several pieces is classified as a ______________ fracture.
A type of fracture in which one side of the bone is partially broken and the other side is bent is called a (an)_______________________ fracture.
An____________ tool or piece of equipment, such as a special computer keyboard, is designed to prevent worker injury and discomfort in the workplace.
An abbreviation that refers to a wear and tear disease caused by the breakdown and eventual destruction of cartilage in a joint, such as osteoarthritis, is
An inherited condition in which bone formation is incomplete, leading to fragile, easily broken bone is
Bony lumps on the terminal phalanx of the fingers, called Heberden Nodes, are often associated with which of the following conditions?
Carpal tunnel syndrome develops as a result of inflammation and swellling of________ in the wrist>
In the word atrophy, what does the prefix mean and what does the root mean?
The prefix means without, and the root means nourishment.
The correct spelling of the term that means an incomplete dislocation in which some contact between joint surfaces remains is
The goal for repairing a fracture is to bring the bones into alignment by pulling on the distal end of the fractured bone. This process is called
The joint movement in which person rotates his or her forearm so that the palm is facing upward is called______________
The process of removing a limb, a part of a limb, a breast, or some other projecting part of the body is called a (an)____________________________.
The taking of an x-ray of a joint after the injection of a contrast medium into the joint is called a (an)
The term that means bringing the ends of bones at a break back together opposite each other so that they fit together as they did in the original bone is___________________
The word that means surgical puncture to remove fluid from a joint is________________.
What is the abbreviation for the classification of drugs such as ibuprofen, which are commonly used to treat musculoskeletal disorders?
What is the difference between a strain and a sprain?
a sprain is a strech or tear of a ligament; a strain is a stretch or tear in the muscle or tendon
What is the plural form of the medical term that means disc of connective tissue cartilage between the bones of a joint, for example, in the knee joint?
Which of the following conditions is caused by the breakdown and eventual destruction of cartilage in a joint?
Which of the following conditions is characterized by varying degrees of weakness of the skeletal muscles and is considered to be a chronic; autoimmune disease?
Which of the following disorders refers to the condition in which there is overstretching or tearing of the dense sheet of fascia that supports the arch of the foot?
Which of the following individuals focuses on the manual adjustment of joints, particularly the spine, to maintain and restore health?
Which of the following statements correctly described the blood supply to bones?
blood travels through the bone in a system of small canals.
Which of the following statements is true regarding the functions of the skeletal system?
the vertebral column protects the spinal cord.
Which of the following terms means incomplete dislocation when some contact between joint surfaces remains?
Which of the following terms refers to one or two bony prominences near the head of the femur?
Which of the following terms refers to the surgical removal of hypertrophied connective tissue to release a contracture?
Which of the following terms, meaning the specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders and injuries to the foot, is spelled correctly?
Which of the following words refers to movement of a body part anterior to the coronal plane?
Which of the following words refers to the fatty, blood-forming tissue in the cavities of lone bones?
Women at risk for developing osteoporosis should have a bone mineral density (BMD) screening using which of the following procedures?
___________refers to the gentle, continuous application of pulling force that can align a fracture, reduce muscle spasms, and relieve pain.
___________ is a general term for a group of hereditary,progressive disorders affecting skeletal muscle
Follow-up for the complications of osteoporosis as they affect the spine. Mrs. Smith had a 6 mo. history of progressive disabling back pain visibly associated with progressive kyphotic deformity of the thoracolumbar spine, with an attendant cervical lordosis. X-rays of the thoracic spine reveal a compression fracture of T11 and L1. I advised the patient that such fractures, even without trauma, may be complications of underlying osteoporosis as severe as hers.
What type of spinal deformity is present?
Posterior curvature of the chest and anterior curvature of the neck
The patient is having pain around the medial aspect of his left knee. About 12 yrs. ago he had a tear of his medial meniscus (crescent-shaped fibrocartilage), which was removed. On examination he has a well-healed medial scar to his left knee; there was no effusion; full ROM (range of motion); and it is stable.
X-rays show very slight scarring of the medial femoral condyle and a small accessory bone medially, but nothing in the interior of the joint. The great toe shows a healed fracture. There was no obvious exostosis impinging on the base of the nail.