World Geography Chapter 4 Section 1+2 Vocab Terms 9th Grade

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Culture

Is the total knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors shared by and passed on by the members of a specific group

Society

A group that shares a geographic region, a sense of society of identity , and a culture

Ethnic Group

Used to refer to a specific group that shares a language, customs, and a common heritage

Innovation

Taking existing technology and resources and creating something new to meet a need

Diffusion

The spread of ideas, inventions, or patterns of behavior

Cultural hearth

Is a site of innovation from which basic ideas, materials, and technology diffuse to many cultures

Acculturation

Occurs when a society changes because it accepts or adopts an innovation

Dialect

Reflects changes in speech patterns related to class, region, or other cultural changes

Religion

Consists of a belief in a supernatural power or powers that are regarded as the creators and maintainers of the universe

Birthrate

The number of live births each year per 1,000 people

Fertility rate

the average number of children a woman of childbearing years would have in her lifetime, if she had children at the current rate for her country

Mortality rate

Number of death during a specified period / number of people at risk of dying during the period (population

Infant mortality rate

A figure that describes the number of babies that die within the first year of their lives in a given population.

Rate of natural increase

birth rate minus the death rate, suggesting the annual rate of population growth without considering net migration

Population pyramid

A bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex.

push-pull factors

Conditions that draw people to another location (pull factors) or cause people to leave their homelands and migrate to another region (push factors)

Population density

A measurement of the number of people per given unit of land

Carrying capacity

Largest number of individuals of a population that a environment can support

Nuclear Family

A group based on mother, father and children.

Extended Family

Specific group that shares a language, customs, and common heritage.

Cultural Trait

Tradition, customs, and beliefs that individuals leaarn from their families at a young age.

Monotheism

Belief in one God

Polytheism

Belief in many gods

Animism

Belief in divine forces of nature

Three major religions in Southwest Asia

judaism, christianity, islam

Hinduism

Believes in one or many gods, each whom represents an aspect of the divine spirit, Brahman.

Buddhism

Promotes the correct way of living in order to reach an enlightened spiritual state called nirvana

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