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Aneurysm

abnormal widening or ballooning of a portion of an artery due to weakness in the wall

Angina Pectoris

chest pain or discomfort that usually occurs with activity or stress

angioplasty

procedure to restore blood flow through the artery

anticoagulant

substance that prevents coagulation of blood

arteriosclerosis

hardening of the arteries plaque buildup

auscultation

listening to the internal sounds

bradycardia

slow heart rate

cardiomegaly

enlarged heart

coagulation time

time required by shed blood to clot

congestive heart failure

heart cannot pump enough blood to ther rest of the body

bone marrow biopsy

removal of soft tissue from inside the bone

defibrillation

treatment for life threatening cardiac dyssrythmias

diastole

relaxation

dyscaria

blood disorder where 1 part of blood is not present in normal supply (bad mixture)

dysrhythmia

irregular heartbeat

echocardiogram

test that uses sound waves to create a moving picture of the heart

electrocardiogram

test to monitor heart

embolus

detached, traveling intravascular mass

erythrocyte

most common blood cell

fibrillation

rapid irregular unsynchronized contraction of muscle fibers

hematopoesis

immature cells develop into mature cells

hemochromatosis

iron overload

hemolysis

break down of red blood cells

hemophilia

blood doesn't clot normally

hemorroid

painful swollen veins in rectum

hematologist

physician who studies blood

hematoma

collection of blood on surface

intermittent claudication

blood vessels in the legs causes pain in the msucles

ischemia

decrase in blood supply

leukemia

blood cancer in bone marrow

leukocyte

white blood cell

lumen

inside space of a tubular stucture

myocardial infraction

heart attack

occlude

stop close up

pericarditis

pericardium becomes inflammed

sickle cell anemia

blood cells shaped in crescent shape

spleenectomy

surgical removal of the spleen

systole

contraction

tachycardia

heart rate that exceeds normal range

tachypnea

rapid breathing

thrombosis

formation of a blood clot

varicose veins

swollen twisted and painful veins filled with an abnormal collection f blood

vasoconstrictor

drug causes narrowing of blood vessels

vasodilator

widens blood vessels

venipuncture

puncture of a vein

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