Types of Landforms

34 terms by nreykdal 

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Students will be creating a Landform study game using the definitions that they find in the flashcard set.

Ocean

a great expanse of salt water

Plateau

an elevated level expanse of land; a tableland.

Mountain

a high, steep elevation of the earth's surface, higher than a hill.

Volcano

an opening in the earth's crust through which molten lava, ash, and gases are ejected

Archipelago

a chain of islands

Island

a piece of land completely surrounded by water

Peninsula

a narrow stretch of land surrounded on three sides by water

Gulf

a large area of a sea or ocean partially enclosed by land (the Gulf of Mexico)

Sound

a long passage of water connecting two larger bodies

Isthmus

a narrow strip of land, like a bridge, connecting two larger strips of land

Delta

a place at the river's mouth, where the river splits into many different sections, forming a marshy triangle.

River mouth

the place where a river empties into a larger body of water

Harbor

a sheltered part of a body of water deep enough to provide anchorage for ships

Strait

a narrow channel of water joining two larger bodies of water (usually narrower than a sound)

Cape

a point or head of land projecting into a body of water

River

a large natural stream of water emptying into an ocean, lake, or other body of water

Tributary

a stream that flows into a larger stream or other body of water

River valley

an elongated lowland between ranges of mountains, hills, or other uplands, having a river or stream running along the bottom

Divide

a ridge of land that marks the directional flow of rivers on either side

Moraine

an accumulation of boulders, stones, or other debris carried and deposited by a glacier

Glacier

a huge mass of ice slowly flowing over a land mass

Butte

a hill that rises abruptly from the surrounding area and has sloping sides and a flat top

Mesa

a broad, flat-topped elevation with one or more cliff-like sides

Canyon

a narrow chasm with steep cliff walls, cut into the earth by running water

Lake

a large inland body of fresh water or salt water

Basin

a large, bowl-shaped depression in the surface of the land, often drained by a single river (the Amazon Basin)

Hill

a small elevation in the earth's surface

Beach

a shore of a body of water covered by sand, gravel, or larger rock fragments

Flood plain

a flat or nearly flat land adjacent to a stream or river that experiences occasional or periodic flooding.

Waterfall

a steep descent of water from a height

Alluvial fan

a relatively flat landform created by the deposition of sediment over a long period of time by one or more rivers coming from highland

river source

Point where a river begins

plain

extensive tract of level open land

barrier sand bar

ridges whose crests are parallel to shore and which are usually made up of water worn gravel put down by currents in hallow water at some distance from the shore

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