the most widely spoken Bantu languages
a city that is also a separate independent state
A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes.
the holiest city of Islam; Muhammad's birthplace
a city in Mali near the Niger River; also spelled Timbuktu
ruled Mali from 1312 to 1332; spread interest in Mali as he journeyed to Mecca
West African Kingdoms
All successful because of the salt for gold trade
Empire created by indigenous Muslims in western Sudan of West Africa from the thirteenth to fifteenth century. It was famous for its role in the trans-Saharan gold trade.
the first West African kingdom based on the gold and salt trade
A West African empire that conquered Mali and controlled trade from the 1400s to 1591.