# Debate Quiz

## 27 terms

### Evidence

Anything that establishes a fact or gives us a reason to believe something.

### Reasoning

The process of forming conclusions, judgments, or inferences from facts or premises.

### Logic

The science of reasoning based on the principles that govern correct or reliable inference.

### Argument

The use of reason to persuade.

### Inductive Reasoning

Reasoning that begins with a specific example and moves toward a broader generalization.

### Deductive Reasoning

Reasoning that begins with a broad generalization and applies it to a specific example.

### Inductive Reasoning

Every time I kick the ball up it comes back down. I guess that the next time I kick the ball up, it will also come back down.

### Deductive Reasoning

According to Newton's Law of Gravity, what goes up must come down. Therefore, if I kick the ball up it will come back down.

### Inductive Reasoning

You flip through three television channels and all you see are commercials. You conclude that all that is on TV is commercials.

### Hasty Generalization

A faulty argument that occurs because the sample chosen is too small or in some way not representative of the whole.

### Hasty Generalization

In response to asking your mother if she will allow you to stay out late, she replies, "all teenagers are irresponsible. You are a teenager and therefore, you are irresponsible and are not allowed to stay out late."

### False Premise

An error in deductive reasoning that is based on a hasty generalization.

### False Premise

A police officer shows up to the scene of a crime and finds a man holding a gun standing next to a dead body. The police officer arrests the man for murder.

### Circumstantial Evidence

Drawing a conclusion based on the evidence at hand. This logical fallacy only suggests a conclusion, it does not prove one.

### Circumstantial Evidence

A bus passes by the clock tower everyday at 12:00PM. Everyday at 12:00PM the bell at the top of the clock tower rings. The bus passing by the clock tower must trigger the ringing of the bell.

### Mistaken Causality

Causal relationships between events mean that one causes the other to occur. Correlation means that there is a relationship between two events, but not necessarily a causal relationship.

### Mistaken Causality

You tell your math teacher that you ought to be able to use notes during your test. After all, lawyers don't have to memorize every law and doctors don't have to remember every medical procedure by heart.

### False Analogy

An analogy that compares two things that are not really the same. Keep in mind that no two sets of conditions are perfectly alike, and so no analogy is perfect.

### False Analogy

Students will devote more time to studying if there is more time for study hall. We should increase the number of study hall periods if we want students to study more.

### Begging the Question

Making an argument that assumes whatever you are trying to prove is true. Occurs most often in the form of circular reasoning.

### Ignoring the Question

When a speaker attempts to divert the attention of the audience away from the matter at hand.

### Playing With Numbers

The manipulation or distortion of statistics to misrepresent facts.

Attacking the person making the argument instead of attacking the argument itself.

### Lincoln Douglas Debate

a value oriented- debate activity that emphasizes ethics and philosophy

### Public Forum Debate

the debate activity that most resembles real world political debates- resolutions center around domestic or foreign policy of national importance

### Policy Debate

centers around determining the most desirable policy option for the United States federal government to adopt.

### Resolved: The United States federal government should substantially reduce its military and/or police presence in one or more of the following: South Korea, Japan, Afghanistan, Kuwait, Iraq, Turkey.

What is this year's policy debate resolution?