city of birth for Islam and where the ka'aba is found
founder of judaism
people that descended from abraham and his grandson jacob
lead jews from slavery in egypt
received ten commandments on mt. sinai
belief in one god
the laws given to Moses by God
holy book of judaism
Jewish word for God
when the Hebrews escaped from slavery in Egypt, led by Moses
built first jewish temple in jerusalem
the scattering of jews when the romans took over israel
israel, canaan, and palestine
what are the three names of the jewish homeland?
synogoge or temple
where do jews worship?
founder of Christianity
Jesus' followers, their writings made up most of the new testament
the first emperor to allow Christianity
Christianity and Judaism
what two religions believe in the ten commandments?
the history and laws of Jews
story of Jesus' life, writings of his deciples
Bethlahem, 4 BC
when and where was Jesus born?
Jerusalem, 26 AD
when and where was Jesus crusified?
when did Christianity become legal?
because they beleived in God, not roman gods and godesses
why were Christians perecuted?
founder of Islam
believed to be the final messenger of God
the angel that called on Muhammad to spread the word of God
Abraham's son who helped him build the Ka'aba in Mecca
Abraham and Ishmael
believed to be the fathers of Muslims
basic obligations of Islam
faith, prayer, pilgramage, charity,and fasting
whatare the five pillars of faith?
holy book of Islam, believed to be the final word of God
when Muhammad and his followers escaped from threats in Mecca
where Muhammad and his followers fled during the Hirjah
where muslims worship
place of origin for Judaism
place of origin for Christianity
place of origin for Islam
spiritual leader of Muslims
spiritual leader of Jews
about how many Sunni Muslims are there?
about how many Shia Muslims are thre?
wht percent or Muslims are Sunni?
all over the Middle East
where are most Sunni Muslims located?
mostly iran and iraq
Where are most Shia Muslims located?
position is earned, does not have to be related to Muhammad
qualification of next leader of Muslims for Sunni
must be related to Muhammad
qualification of next leader of Muslims for Shia
uneven distribution, irrigation, water pollution, and dams
name four water issues in the Middle East
largest ethnic group
all over the Middle East (mostly Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, ect.)
where are the Arabs located?
mostly Sunni Islam
what is the main religion of Arabs?
believe to be descendants of Abraham through his son, Ishmael
name one major belief of the Arabs.
what is another name for the Persians?
where are the Persians primarily located?
Mostly Shia Muslim
what is the primary religion of Persians?
lack of freedom for women
what is a belief of Persian?
what do Persians speak?
mountainous areas where syria, turkey, iran, and iraq come together
where are the Kurdish primarily located?
mostly sunni islam
what is the primary religion of Kurish?
which ethnic group is less strict on Islamic practices?
share common interests, cultural ideas and beliefs, and often share characteristics of parents and grandparents
share beliefs and god or gods, share a holy book, and share rituals and traditions
uneven distribution and very short supply
what are two huge problems with water in the middle east?
farmers struggle to keep their plants watered because there is not much rainfall
tell why irrigation is necessary in SW asia
overuse of fossil water, this water wil never be replaced
Why is irrigation a problem?
drip irrigation and desalinization
two solutions for irrigation
contaminates fresh water so it can no longer be used
why is water pollution a problem?
chemical fertilizers and garbage/sewage
what are the two main components to water pollution in SW Asia?
they reduce the amount of water available to cities downstream
why are dams a problem?
oil and natural gas
what are the two most valuable natural resources in the ME?
about how much of the world's oil supply is found in the ME?
iran, iraq, kuwait, and saudi arabia
what are the four most oil rich countries?
organization of petroleum exporting countries
what opec stands for
how much oil will be produced and how much it will cost
what opec controls