social studies middle east

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mecca

city of birth for Islam and where the ka'aba is found

founder of judaism

Abraham

Hebrews

people that descended from abraham and his grandson jacob

moses

lead jews from slavery in egypt

moses

received ten commandments on mt. sinai

monotheistic

belief in one god

10 commandments

the laws given to Moses by God

torah

holy book of judaism

scripture

sacred text

Yahweh

Jewish word for God

exodus

when the Hebrews escaped from slavery in Egypt, led by Moses

saul

built first jewish temple in jerusalem

diaspora

the scattering of jews when the romans took over israel

israel, canaan, and palestine

what are the three names of the jewish homeland?

synogoge or temple

where do jews worship?

Jesus Christ

founder of Christianity

12 deciples

Jesus' followers, their writings made up most of the new testament

consantine

the first emperor to allow Christianity

Christianity and Judaism

what two religions believe in the ten commandments?

old testament

the history and laws of Jews

new testament

story of Jesus' life, writings of his deciples

Bethlahem, 4 BC

when and where was Jesus born?

Jerusalem, 26 AD

when and where was Jesus crusified?

313 AD

when did Christianity become legal?

because they beleived in God, not roman gods and godesses

why were Christians perecuted?

founder of Islam

Muhammad

Muhammad

believed to be the final messenger of God

Gabriel

the angel that called on Muhammad to spread the word of God

Ishamael

Abraham's son who helped him build the Ka'aba in Mecca

Abraham and Ishmael

believed to be the fathers of Muslims

5 pillars

basic obligations of Islam

faith, prayer, pilgramage, charity,and fasting

whatare the five pillars of faith?

Koran

holy book of Islam, believed to be the final word of God

Hirjah

when Muhammad and his followers escaped from threats in Mecca

Medina

where Muhammad and his followers fled during the Hirjah

mosqe

where muslims worship

Canaan

place of origin for Judaism

Jerusalem

place of origin for Christianity

Mecca

place of origin for Islam

Imam

spiritual leader of Muslims

Rabii

spiritual leader of Jews

940 million

about how many Sunni Muslims are there?

120 million

about how many Shia Muslims are thre?

85%

wht percent or Muslims are Sunni?

all over the Middle East

where are most Sunni Muslims located?

mostly iran and iraq

Where are most Shia Muslims located?

position is earned, does not have to be related to Muhammad

qualification of next leader of Muslims for Sunni

must be related to Muhammad

qualification of next leader of Muslims for Shia

uneven distribution, irrigation, water pollution, and dams

name four water issues in the Middle East

Arab

largest ethnic group

all over the Middle East (mostly Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, ect.)

where are the Arabs located?

mostly Sunni Islam

what is the main religion of Arabs?

believe to be descendants of Abraham through his son, Ishmael

name one major belief of the Arabs.

Iranians

what is another name for the Persians?

Iran

where are the Persians primarily located?

Mostly Shia Muslim

what is the primary religion of Persians?

lack of freedom for women

what is a belief of Persian?

Farsi

what do Persians speak?

mountainous areas where syria, turkey, iran, and iraq come together

where are the Kurdish primarily located?

mostly sunni islam

what is the primary religion of Kurish?

Kurdish

which ethnic group is less strict on Islamic practices?

ethnic group

share common interests, cultural ideas and beliefs, and often share characteristics of parents and grandparents

religious group

share beliefs and god or gods, share a holy book, and share rituals and traditions

uneven distribution and very short supply

what are two huge problems with water in the middle east?

farmers struggle to keep their plants watered because there is not much rainfall

tell why irrigation is necessary in SW asia

overuse of fossil water, this water wil never be replaced

Why is irrigation a problem?

drip irrigation and desalinization

two solutions for irrigation

contaminates fresh water so it can no longer be used

why is water pollution a problem?

chemical fertilizers and garbage/sewage

what are the two main components to water pollution in SW Asia?

they reduce the amount of water available to cities downstream

why are dams a problem?

oil and natural gas

what are the two most valuable natural resources in the ME?

about 50%

about how much of the world's oil supply is found in the ME?

iran, iraq, kuwait, and saudi arabia

what are the four most oil rich countries?

organization of petroleum exporting countries

what opec stands for

how much oil will be produced and how much it will cost

what opec controls

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