chemistry probate

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Adipocere/Grave wax

the substance produced by saponification of fatty acids in the dead human body by calcium containg compounds.

Disaccharides

sucrose, maltose, and Lactose

Monosaccharides

fructose, galactose, and glucose

enzymes

suffixes -ase or -in

proteins

most complex of the organic compounds

saponification

yields glycerin and soap

soap

the product formed when an alkali, such as NaOH reacts with a fatty acid

Proteins

have amphoretic properties

Gravewax/adipocere

chemically similar to soap

peptide bond

occurs by the dehydration between the carboxyl group of one amino acid and the amino group of another amino acid

hydrolysis of normal lipid

glycerol & fatty acids

hydrolysis of alkaline lipid

glycerin & soap

hydrolysis of calcium containg compounds lipid

adipocere

fatty acids

stearic acid, palmetic acid, oleic acid.

lipids

tristearin, stearing, and adipose

polysaccharides

starch, cellulose, glycogen

basic ex of carbohydrates

sugars, starches, cellulose, and glycogen

end products of saponification when calcium is on the water of hydrolysis

adipocere; grave wax

Proteins

the most complex organic compounds

lips;fats

biocompounds that are esters

glucose and glucose

maltose hydrolysis

glucose and galactose

lactose will hydrolyze into

glucose and fructose

sucrose will hydrolyze into

aliphatic;acyclic compounds

compounds that are combined in an open chain formation

aromatic;cyclic compounds

compounds that are bonded in a ring formation

carbocyclic compounds

rings of carbon only

heterocyclic compounds

cylic compounds with mostly carbon in the ring with something else present

hydrocarbon

the simplest of organic compounds, contains only hydrogen and carbon.

methan; parrafin series

presence of a single carbon bond

alcohols

one hydrogen has been replaced by a hydroxide group

aldehyde

compounds that result from the partial oxidation of a primary alcohol

alkyl halides

those alkanes that have one or more hydrogen atoms replaced by a member of the halogen group

carboxylic acid

organic acid

carboxylic acid; organic acid

the result of a partial oxidation of and aldehyde

dialdehyde; glycols

compounds that contain two hydroxide groups

ketone

partial oxidation of a secondary group

ethanedial

glyoxal

methyltrichloride

trichloralmethane,chloroform

alkyl halides

RX

alcohols

ROH

aldehydes

RCHO

Ketones

RCOR

carbolic acids

RCOOH

aldehyde

-al

alcohol

-ol

carboxylic acid

-oic

ketone

-one

acetaldehyde

ethanal, ethyl aldehyde

acetic acid

acid in the make up of vinegar

acetone

most widely used organic solvent

HCHO

methanal, methyl aldehyde, oxymethylene, preservative

glycerol

most commonly used humectant in embalming

acetone

propanone, demethyl ketone

aldehydes

result from the partial oxidation of a primary alcohol

alkyl halides

one hydrogen replaced by a halogen

carboxylic acids

result from the partial oxidation of an aldehyde

ketones

result from the partial oxidation of a secondary alcohol

amides

organic compounds formed from the dehydration that occurs between carboxylic acid and amine

amines

hydrogens replaced by an alkyl group

diamines

organic compounds characterized by two amino groups

ethers

organic compounds formed from he dehydration that occurs between two alcohols

esters

organic compounds formed from the dehydration that occurs between a carboxylic acid and an alcohol

mercaptans; thioalcohols

the oxygen in the hydroxide group is replace with a sulfur atom

aminomethane

methy amine

diethyl ether

ethoxy ethane; ethyl ethyl ether

ethyl acetate

ethal ethanoate

methoxy ethane

methyl ethyl ether

methyl salicylate

oil of wintergreen

amides

r'-conh-r"

amines

r-nh3

esters

r-coo-r

ethers

r-o-r

mercaptans

r-sh

esters

-ate; -oate

paradichlorobenzene

used as a mold inhibitor in embalming powders

xylene; dimethyl benzene

a benzene ring with 2 methyl groups attached

benzene

cycloalkene that exhibits a physical property known as resonance

aminobenzene;aniline

used in the production of dyes and coloring agents that are used in embalming fluids

toluene; methylbenzene

common solvent

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