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basic info about disciplines

social sciences

the systematic study of people

anthropology

the study of the lives and cultures of human beings both alive and dead

physical anthropology

The study of human evolution, human biology and other primates

physical anthropology

Biological anthropology, primatology, forensic anthropology

cultural anthropolgy

The investigation of the origin, development and functioning of human cultures

cultural anthropolgy

Linguistics Archeology Ethnology-sociocltural

culture

the abilities ideas and behaviours people have aquired to become members of society

Morgan's stages of social evolution

savagery, barbarism, civilization

Lewis Henry Morgan

One of the first to conduct anthropological research of the aboriginal peoples of North America. Believed that each culture should be judged by its own standards and values, not Western ones.

Psychologists

try to describe, explain, predict and control behaviour and mental processes

Biological Psychology

study of the role of biological process and heredity in explaining behaviour

Psychoanalytic Psychology

the study of the role of unconscious motivation and early childhood experiences in determining behaviour and thought.

Behavioural Psychology

the study of the role of the environment in shaping and controlling behaviour

Phrenology

the study of the shape of heads. Early throrists thought that this shape of the skull could be used to predict the shape of the brain (and people's abilities)

Dr. Ivan Pavlov

studied the response of a hungry dog to a piece of meat.

Sigmund Freud

believed helping patients discover important events from their past, especially their childhood, could help with their diagnosis. Used dream interpretation, a form of psychotherapy.

Jane Goodall

looked at human/animal development through her work with chimpanzees.

Franz Boras

conducted his field work in Canada focusing on the Inuit of Baffin Island and the Kwakiutl in BC

Auguste Comte

coined the term sociology.

Auguste Comte

Thought that society's problems could be solved by scientific reasoning and positive orderly solutions from social scientists.

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