Charles LeBrun, Triumphal Entry of Alexander the Great into Babylon, 1665
Hyacinthe Rigaud, Louis XIV, c.1701
Nicolas Poussin, Et in Arcadia Ego, 1655
Nicolas Poussin, Death of Germanicus, 1627
Nicolas Poussin, Self-Portrait, 1655
Nicolas Poussin,Holy Family on the Steps, 1648
Pierre Mignard, Equestrian Portrait of Louis XIV Crowned by Victory, c. 1665
Antoine Watteau, Gersaint's Signboard, 1720
Antoine Watteau, Return from Cythera, 1717-1719
Fete-Galante = French term used by the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture to characterize the rococo paintings of Antoine Watteau. It refers to scenes of courtly love that blend leisure, erotic myth, and lush nature.
François Boucher, Arts and Sciences, 1750-52
François Boucher, Jupiter in the Guise of Diana, 1759
François Boucher, Madame de Pompadour, 1756
Madame de Pompadour = A prominent salon hostess of the French aristocracy who sponsored Rococo painting and The French Enlightenment, including the famous 'Encyclopedie'.
Jean-Antoine Houdon, Voltaire, 1778
Jean-Baptiste Chardin, Saying Grace, c.1740
Jean-Baptiste Chardin, Still Life with Bowl of Plums, 1759
Jean-Baptiste Greuze, Punished Son, 1777
Jean-Honoré Fragonard, Portrait of Denis Diderot
Voltaire Denis Diderot = One of the chief editors of the 'Encyclopedie' and was an influential philosopher and art critic in mid 18th cent Paris.
Angelica Kauffman, Cornelia, Mother of the Gracchi, c 1785
Angelica Kauffman, Portrait of Johann Joachim Winckelmann, 1764
Angelica Kauffman, Self-Portrait in the Character of Painting Embraced by Poetry, 1782
Anton Mengs, Parnassus, 1760-61
Elisabeth-Louise Vigée Lebrun, Portrait of Marie-Antoinette With Her Children, 1787
Jacques-Louis David, Andromache Mourns the Death of Hector, 1780
Jacques-Louis David, Death of Socrates, 1787
Jacques-Louis David, Lictors Returning to Brutus the Bodies of His Sons, 1789
Jacques-Louis David, Self-Portrait, 1794
Jacques-Louis David, Oath of the Horatii, 1784
Jacques-Louis David, Death of Marat, 1793
Jean-Paul Marat = Jacobin journalist who incited revolutionary violence in his newspaper, 'The Friend of the People'.
Jacques-Louis David, Hercules Crushing the Hydra of Federalism, 1793
Jacques-Louis David, Oath of the Tennis Court, 1791
Jacques-Louis David, Sabine Women, 1799
Anne-Louis Girodet-Trioson, Atala at the Tomb, 1808
Anne-Louis Girodet-Trioson, Sleep of Endymion, 1791
Francois Gerard, Ossian Evoking the Shades with his Harp, 1801
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, Ambassadors of Agamemnon, 1801
Henry Fuseli, Achilles Grasps at the Shade of Patroclus, 1803
Henry Fuseli, Artist in Conversation with Johann Jacob Bodmer, 1778-81
Henry Fuseli, Justice and Liberty Hanged, While Voltaire Rides Monster Humanity and Jean-Jacques Rousseau Takes His Measure, 1767
Henry Fuseli, Prometheus, c. 1770-1771
Henry Fuseli, The Artist Overwhelmed by the Grandeur of Ancient Ruins, c.1778-1780
Henry Fuseli, Ugolino and His Starving Sons, 1809
Henry Fuseli,The Nightmare, 1790
William Blake, Albion Rose, c. 1794-95
William Blake, Ancient of the Days, 1794
William Blake, Newton, 1795
William Blake, Title Page from Songs of Innocence, 1789
Anne-Louis Girodet-Trioson, Ossian Receiving the Napoleonic Officers, 1802
Antoine-Jean Gros, Napoleon in the Plague House at Jaffa, 1804
Antoine-Jean Gros, Napoleon on the Battlefield of Eylau, 1807
Elisabeth-Louise Vigée Lebrun, Madame de Staël as Corinne, 1809
Jacques Gondouin and Jean-Baptiste Lepère, Vendôme Column, 1806-11
Jacques-Louis David, Coronation of Napoleon and Josephine, 1804
Jacques-Louis David, Napoleon at the Saint-Bernard Pass, 1801
Jacques-Louis David, Napoleon in His Study, 1812
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, Napoleon on the Imperial Throne, 1806
Jean-François Chalgrin, Arc de Triomphe de l'Etoile, 1806-36,
Charles Le Brun
Dominant artist, art theorist, and art administrator in 17th cent France. The Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture reaches its greatest power under his directorship during the reign of Louis XIV. He established a strict system of education based in large measure on the work of Nicolas Poussin.
Prix de Rome
The top award given to French history painters by the French Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture. The award enabled these artists to study in Rome for four years the works of ancient art and art of the Italian Renaissance.
La Font de Sant-Yenne
French art critic who advocated that painters should abandon the frivolous subjects of Rococo painting for more nobles themes in his essay, 'Reflections of Some Causes of the Current State of Painting in France' (1747).
Ancient Scottish poet whose work was allegedly discovered by the Scottish writer James Mcpherson in the mid 18th cent. Tragic lonliness, apparitions, and nocturnal dreams typify the imagery of this "Germanic Homer".
Swiss-English artist who typically painted nocturnal scenes that evoke a mood of inner withdrawal or emotional strife. Such works reflected the artist's advice that painter's should look inward to paint what the "spiritual eye" saw.
Storm und Drang
German name of the movement in literature and art that took place from the late 1760s through the early 1780s in which individual subjectivity and tragic emotions were given free expression in response to the confines of rationalism imposed by the Enlightenment and Neo-Classicism.