Skeletal Diseases

Created by aleventhal 

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Achondroplasia

type of dwarfism; retarded cartilage and/or bone formation

Acromegaly

abnormal enlargement of bones (8 to 9 times); overproduction of growth hormone

Arthralgia

pain in a joint

Arthrocentesis

removal of fluid from a joint

Bursitis

inflamed fluid-filled sac in a joint

Dislocation

displacement of a bone from its joint

Fallen arches

natural arch of the foot rests on the floor

Gout

uric acid (urine) in the joints

Hemarthrosis

blood in a joint

Laminectomy

removal of a portion of a vertebra (to relieve a ruptured disc)

Lumbago

dull ache in the lumbar region

Lyme's disease

causes a form of infectious arthritis; caused by a spirochete from the bite of a tick

Orthopedics

a correction of deformities of the skeletal system

Ostalgia

pain in a bone

Ostectomy

removal of part of a bone

Osteitis

infection of a bone

Osteogenesis imperfecta

deformed and abnormally brittle bones (too much calcium)

Osteoma

tumor composed of bone tissue

Osteomalacia

softening of bones due to a vitamin D deficiency in adults

Osteomyelitis

bacterial or fungal infection of the bone

Osteonecrosis

death of a bone

Osteopathology

study of bone diseases

Osteoporosis

porous and brittle bone due to lack of calcium (adults)

Rheumatism

inflammation of tissue around a joint

Rickets

abnormalities in shape and structures of bone caused by vitamin D deficiency (in children)

Scoleosis

lateral curvature of the spine

Spina bifida

lack of union between lumbar vertebrae

Sprain

pulled ligaments

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