What was the name of the early sea-faring civilization that developed on the island of Crete and which contributed to the early Greek culture? Its capital was Knossos.
The Minoan culture probably acquired ideas in the areas of architecture and writing from what two other civilizations?
Egypt and Mesopotamia
What was the name of the Indo-European people that dominated the Greek world from 1400 to 1200 BC?
List the political and mythical causes of the Trojan War.
Political=economic rivalry between Mycenea and Troy
Mythical=Myceneans were trying to rescue Helen from Trojan prince Paris
Much of the information we get about the Trojan War comes from which Greek poet?
Which epic poem tells the story of the Greek defeat of Troy?
Which epic poem tells the story of the many struggles the Greek hero Odysseus as he tried to return home after the Trojan War?
What was a polis?
Greece is a part of which European peninsula?
Which sea could be called the "Greek Sea?"
On which part of the Balkan peninsula were Sparta, Corinth, and Olympia located?
What is the origin of the word "alphabet?"
first two Greek letters: Alpha and Beta
A government in which a hereditary ruler exercises a central power is called a?
A government headed by a priveleged minority or upper class is called an?
A government in which ruling power belongs to a few people is called an?
What was the name given to the Greek foot soldiers?
The massive tactical formation of heavily armed foot soldiers was called the?
What was the name of the military city-state that was located on Attica and became the home of Democracy?
What was the name of the military city-state established by the Dorians?
What was the name of the Athenian who became an Archon in 594 BC and who introduced a series of political and economic reforms?
People who gain and maintain control of the government through use of forces are known as?
What was the name of the Athenian political reformer who set up the Council of 500 and broadened the role of the ordinary citizen in the government of Athens?
List the four cultural factors that united the Greeks.
honored the same heroes
participated in common festivals
prayed to same gods
According to Greek mythology, where did the Greek gods live?
Who was the chief Greek God who presided over the affairs of gods and humans?
Who was the Greek god of war?
Who was the Greek goddess of love?
Who was the Greek goddess of wisdom and patroness of Athens?
At which battle did the Athenians defeat the Persians led by Darius I?
Who was the Athenian leader that convinced the people of Athens to build a great fleet of warships and who led the defeat of the Persians at Salamis?
At what historic battle did King Leonidas and a small group of soldiers from Sparta, Thespiae, and Thebes prevent the Persians led by Xerxes from destroying the entire Greek army?
What was the importance of the Battle of Plataea 479 BC?
it was the final defeat of the Persians
What was the name of the alliance of Greek city-states led by Athens?
What was the name of the Greek statesman that led Athens during its Golden Age?
What was the name given to the type of government where the citizens take part in the day-to-day affairs of the government?
What was the name of the assebly of all citizens of Athens that met three times a month on the Pynx hill to debate and vote on important issues?
What was the name of the alliance of Greek city-states led by Sparta?
What was the name of the war that took place between Athens and Sparta and their various allies?
What was the name of the Spartan general who led the defeat of Athens and the Delian League?
What word means "lovers of wisdom" and was used by the Greeks to refer to thinkers who used observation and reason to find the causes of events?
What was the name given to the Greek philosophers who valued the art of skillful speaking and who saw success as more important than moral truth?
What was the name of the Greek philosopher who was an outspoken critic of the Sophists? He was found guilty of corrupting the youth of the city and failing to respect the gods.
Which Greek philosopher wrote The Republic in which he envisioned a perfect society? He also opened a school in Athens called the Academy.
Which Greek philosopher believed that people ought to live by the "Golden Mean" or by a moderate course between the extremes? He was Plato's greatest student, and the author of the Politics.
What was the name of the temple dedicated to Athena and which is considered to be the most famous example of Greek architecure?
What was the name of the Greek tragic playwrite who wrote the Oresteia; a story of a powerful family torn apart by betrayal, murder, and revenge?
What was the name of the Greek tragic playwrite who wrote the Antigone; a story that explores what happens when an individual's moral duty conflicts with the laws of the state?
What was the name of the Greek tragic playwrite who wrote The Trojan Women; a story that showed the suffering of women who were victims of war?
What was the name of the playwrite that wrote Lysistrata; a story about the women of Athens banding together to stop the war with Sparta?
Which Greek writer is known as the "Father of History?" He wrote The Persian Wars.
What was the name of the Greek historian who wrote a history of the Peloponnesian war?
What was the name of the Macedonian king who brought all of Greece under his control after defeating Athens and Thebes in 338 BC?
What was the name of the Macedonian king who conquered the Persian Empire? His empire included Egypt and extended all the way to India.
Alexander the Great
What was the name of the culture that emerged after the death of Alexander the Great that blended Greek, Persian, Egyptian, and Indian influences?
Which city of Egypt was considered to be the cultural capital of the Hellenistic world?
What was the name of the philosophy that urged people to desires and disappointments by accepting calmly whatever life brought?
Which Egyptian astronomer proposed a geocentric theory of the universe that was the accepted theory until the 1500s?
Which Greek mathmatician derived the formula to calculate the relationship between the sides of a right triangle?
Which Greek mathmmatician wrote The Elements and is considered to be the founder of modern geometry?
What was the name of the Greek astronomer that proposed the heliocentric theory of the solar system?
What was the name of the Greek astronomer that proved the earth was round? He even calculated the circumference of the Earth.
Which Greek scientist applied priniciples of physics to make practical inventions? He is credited with the quote, "Give me a lever long enough and a place to stand on, and I will move the world."
Which Greek physician set the ethical standards for doctors?