Myers Psychology Chapter 2 Key Terms
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- parasympathetic nervous system
- nervous system
- a the body's speedy, electrochemical communication system, consisting of all the nerve cells of the peripheral and central nervous systems.
- b the base of the brainstem; controls heartbeat and breathing
- c the division of the autonomic nervous system that calms the body, conserving its energy.
- d tissue destruction. A brain lesion is a naturally or experimentally caused destruction of brain tissue.
- e impairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere damage either to Broca's area (impairing speaking) or to Wernicke's area (impairing understanding)
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- function: a major inhibitory neurotransmitter ; undersupply linked to seizures, tremors, and insomnia.
- a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biology and behavior.
- the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervous system (CNS) to the rest of the body.
- the brain and spinal cord
- a layer of fatty tissue segmentally encasing the fibers of many neurons; enables vastly greater transmission speed of neural impulses as the impulse hops from one node to the next.
5 True/False Questions
dopamine → function: influences movement, learning, attention, and emotion ; malfunctions: undersupply is linked to Alzheimer's disease.
amygdala → the base of the brainstem; controls heartbeat and breathing
nerves → a nerve cell; the basic building block of of the nervous system.
neurotransmitters → chemical messengers that traverse the synaptic gaps between neurons. When released by the sending neuron, neurotransmitters travel across the synapse and bind to receptor sistes on the receiving neuron, thereby influencing whether that neuron will generate a neural impulse.
cerebral cortex → the intricate fabric of interconnected neural cells that covers the cerebral hemispheres; the body's ultimate control land information-processing center.