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salivary glands

produces saliva which contains the enzymes to break down food

esophagus

pushes the food down the throat to the stomach

liver

makes bile which breaks down fats

gall bladder

stores the bile and gives it to the small intestine

stomach

uses enzymes and stomach acids to begin to break down the proteins etc

pancreas

further breaks down materials with pancreatic juices and enzymes and then gives them to the small intestine

small intestine

mixes the remaining food with bile and pancreatic juices as the food molecules then distribute nutrients to the body

large intestine

absorbs water and holds the wastes

rectum

regulates what feces come in and out

anus

distributes the waste that was not digested

nasal cavity

controls what we breathe in and out, moistens the incoming air (hollow space behind the nose)

pharynx

transports food from the oral cavity to the esophagus. also passes air throughout

larynx

the airway that makes sure we dont bring in foreign objects (protects vocal cords), voice box; passageway for air moving from pharynx to trachea; contains vocal cords

trachea

membranous tube with cartilaginous rings that conveys inhaled air from the larynx to the bronchi

bronchi/ bronchioles

filters in coming air through various body pathways which then spread out throughout the entire body

lungs

two spongy organs, located in the thoracic cavity enclosed by the diaphragm and rib cage, responsible for respiration

diaphragm

a muscular partition separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities that is made up of skeletal muscles

kidney

plays a large role in keeping the bodies homeostasis level healthy by regulating fluids and getting rid of waste through urinating

ureter

the area where the urine is passed from the kidneys to the bladder

bladder

the membrain sac that collects the urine before it is let out of the body

urethra

the duct that carries the urine out of the body from the bladder, in males this duct also holds semen

heart

the primary muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body in rythamic contractions

atria

the two upper chambers of the heart- the receiving areas that allow blood to enter the heart

ventricles

the two lower chambers of the heart, and they pump blood out to the lungs and to the body

arteries

blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart

aorta

it is the largest artery in the body: it carries oxygenated blood throughout the entire body

veins

blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart

vena cava

bring deoxygenated blood from the body to the right atrium

capillaries

the bodies smallest blood vessels that exchange nourishment and fluids throughout the body (ex oxygen and nutrients)

spleen

Helps recycles blood cells, replacing bad ones with good ones to protect the bodies immune system

thymus

Produces T cells that help the bodies immune system-located in front of the heart

thyroid

regulates the body's metabolism and calcium balance

cerebrum

the most anterior part of the brain and it controls all voluntary actions

spinal cord

a major part of the central nervous system which conducts sensory and motor nerve impulses to and from the brain

cerebellum

the "little brain" attached to the rear of the brainstem; it helps coordinate voluntary movement and balance

pineal gland

produces serotonin and other, located in the center of the brain, functioning to secrete melatonin and serotonin

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