What's a myth?
1. traditional story rooted in primitive folk beliefs of cultures
2. uses supernatural to interpret natural events
3.explains culture's view of the universe and nature of humanity
In the beginning was...
Chaos (shapeless nothingness)
Chaos's 2 kids
_______ is formed from darkness and death
What flourished when Love was born?
order and beauty
Who did Love create?
Light and Day
Earth was solid ground but also a _______________
Who did Earth bear?
Why did Earth bear Heaven?
to have a home for the gods and to cover her
Who were the 1st parents?
Mother Earth= Gaea (Gaia)
Father Heaven= Ouranus (Uranus)
What were their 3 types of kids?
1. 3 monsters with 100 hands and 50 heads
2. 3 cyclopes
3. The Titans
These are the 1st characters with the appearence of life although...
It wasn't like any life known to man
Who is the ruler of the Titans?
What is his Roman name?
Who is the wife of Cronos?
What was the name of the river that encircled the world?
Who was the father of Prometheus, Epimetheus and Atlas (these are also titans)?
Who is the supreme ruler of the gods and father of many characters in mythology?
What is Zeus's Roman name?
Jupiter (also called Jove)
Who was Zeus's wife and sister?
What is Hera's Roman name?
What is Hera the goddess of?
What was Poseidon's Roman name?
What was Poseidon the god of?
the Seas and waters
What was 1 of Poseidon's nicknames?
What was Hades's Roman name?
What was Hades the god of?
Underworld/ the dead
Who did Hades kidnap?
What was Hestia's Roman name?
What was Hestia the goddess of?
Hearth and Home
What was Demeter's Roman name?
What was Demeter the goddess of?
the Harvest; was also a goddess of the earth
What was Athena's Roman name?
What was Athena the goddess of?
Wisdom and War
Where was Athena "born"?
She sprang from Zeus's head
What was Ares's Roman name?
What was Ares the god of?
Who was Ares the son of?
Zeus and Hera
What was Hephaestus's Roman name?
What was Hephaestus the god of?
Fire, forge, and blacksmiths
Who was Hephaestus the son of?
Zeus and Hera
What was Apollo's Roman name?
What was Apollo the god of?
Light, sun and music
Who was Apollo's twin sister?
What was Artemis's Roman name?
What was Artemis the goddess of?
Moon and the hunt
Who was Artemis's twin brother/
What was Hermes's Roman name?
What was Hermes's occupation?
Messenger of the gods
What is Aphrodite's Roman name?
What was Aphrodite the goddess of?
Love and beauty
Where was Aphrodite "born"?
She sprang from sea foam
What is Dionysus's Roman name?
What was Dionysus the god of?
Wine; also a god of the earth
What was Dionysus the patron god of?
the Greek stage
What was Persephone's Roman name?
What was Persephone the goddess of?
Who is Persephone the daughter of?
Zeus and Demeter
Who abducted Persephone?
What was Hebe's Roman name?
What was Hebe the goddess of?
What was Hebe's occupation?
Cupbearer to the gods, restored youth to the aged
What was Eros's Roman name?
What was Eros the god of?
Who was Eros the son of?
Aphrodite and Hephaestus
What was Iris the goddess of?
What was Iris's occupation?
Messenger for Zeus and Hera
Who was Iris the daughter of?
Titan Thaumus and nymph Electra
Who were the Muses?
9 daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne
What were the names of the 9 Muses?
Clio, Urania, Melpomere, Erato, Calliope, Euterpe, Terpsichore, and Polhymnia
What were the Muses the goddesses of?
the Arts and sciences
Who did the Muses inspire?
Aritists of all kinds
What were the Graces the goddesses of?
Grace and beauty
How many Graces were there?
3- Aglaia (Splendor), Euphrosyne (Mirth), and Thalia (Good cheer)
What was the Roman name for the Erinnyes (the Furies)?
Furiae or Dirae
What were the Furies the goddesses of?
Who were the 3 Furies and what did they do?
They punish evildoers
What was the Roman name for the Fates?
Parcae or Moirae
Who were the 3 Fates?
2. Lachesis ("The disposer of lots")
3. Atropos ("The cutter")
What did the Fates do?
Weave, measure, and cut the thread of human life
What were the Satyrs gods of?
Woods and mountains, "shepherd gods"
Saytrs were ___________
goat men (like Pan)
Who were Saytrs companions with?
What did Saytrs like to do?
Drink, dance, and chase after nymphs
Who were the Gorgons?
3 snake-haired monsters
Who was the best known Gorgon?
What did the Gorgon's look do to men?
Turned them into stone
Who were the Centaurs?
savage, 1/2 man, 1/2 horse creatures
Who was the only tame Centaur?
Who did the Centaurs follow?