French and Indian War
The British began taxing the colonists heavily after the __________.
__________ was the system whereby England used trade policy and taxation to try to bring gold and money from the colonies to England
The British had operated under a policy of __________ prior to the French and Indian War when war debts forced them to more actively manage the colonists
When British taxation increased significantly colonists sent a __________ to the King, asserted their rights as __________, and appealed to common heritage.
One tax required colonists to use offical paper for every legal transaction or newspaper publication. It was called the __________ and colonists strongly protested against it.
Townshend Duties, Boycott
The __________ taxed lead, paint and glass but the colonists organized a __________ in response to it during which people refused to purchase these taxed good from offical sources. Parliament eventually lifted the taxes.
Second Continental Congress
Colonists formed the __________ after Great Britain fired on Minutemen, a Massachusetts militia, at Lexington and Concord.
In the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson used ideas from the __________, a philosophical movement that began in Europe that valued reason and science over blind faith and obedience.
John Locke, an Enlightenment thinker, had argued that all human beings had __________, an idea Thomas Jefferson employed when he stated that all human beings had unalienable right of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness
As long as George Washington could keep the Continental Army together, he stood a good chance of winning because Great Britain would eventually lost its will to fight. This strategy is called a war of __________.
Guerilla, Sneak Attack
Washington used __________ warfare tactics, including the __________ and hit and run.
A __________ is a plan for government.
Articles of Confederation
America's first Constitution was the __________.
Raise an Army, Levy Taxes, Conduct Foreign Affairs
Three weaknesses of the Article of Confederation gave no ability to: __________, __________, __________.
King George III
The Declaration of Independence listed over forty grievances (complaints) against __________.
When the colonists screamed "No Taxation without Representation" they were expressing the belief they should be able to elect representatives to serve in _________ if this lawmaking body was going to levy taxes on the colonies.
__________ was chosen to lead the Continental Army and later became the first President.
When American leaders realized the Articles of Confederation provided too weak a government to effectively unite the states, they called for a __________.
Olive Branch Petition
Prior to declaring war and indpendence the Second Continental Congress sent an __________ to King George III to try and make peace.
The colonists had established a tradition of __________ in the 1600s and 1700s when they created colonial legislatures to make their laws.
In 1774, the __________ Congress sent a list of grievances to King George III in hopes that he would repeal the taxes Parliament had imposed on the colonies since the French and Indian War. Instead, the King sent troops to the colonies.