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anomeric

A carbon that contains a double bond is known as an _________ carbon

aldohexose, ketohexose

aldehyde + 6 carbon ring? ketone + 6 carbon ring?

aldopentose, ketopentose

aldehyde + 5 carbon ring? ketone + 5 carbon ring?

pyranose

A ring consisting of 5 carbons is called a ______ ring.

furanose

A ring consisting of 4 carbons is called a ______ ring.

up, down

If the sugar is D, the last carbon points ______, if the sugar is L, the last carbon points ______

reducing

If a carb can mutarotate, it is called a ________ sugar.

dehydration/condensation

What type of reaction occurs during disaccharide formation?

beta

_______ bonds are much harder to digest!

anomeric

Sucrose does not have a reducing end because both ______ carbons are in a glycosidic bond.

glycosidic

Disaccharides are formed by _______ linkage

both

Is fiber homoglycan, heteroglycan, or both?

starch

Storage form of carbs in plants...

homoglycan

Is starch homoglycan, heteroglycan, or both?

starch

Can be digested to glucose very fast and has a significant impact on blood glucose...

glycogen has more branches

What is the main difference between starch and glycogen?

starch, glycogen, soluble fiber, insoluble fiber

Polysaccharides are made up of....

homoglycan

Is glycogen homoglycan, heteroglycan, or both?

20, 80

Starch is made up of ___% amylose and ___% amylopectin.

amylose, amylopectin

Starch is made up of....

alpha 1-4

Amylose forms linear __________ bonds

alpha 1-4 and alpha 1-6

Amylopectin forms ___________ bonds

24-30

Amylopectin forms branch points at every ______ glucose.

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