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Resident Theatre

a professional, nonprofit organization that maintains a constant presence in a community and produces an entire season of plays; hire both local artist and others around the country; often maintain multitheatre complex

Regional Theatre

= Resident Theatre; oldest ones were founded to establish theatres in other areas of the country besides New York City

Commercial Theatre

Shows that are produced to earn a profit for investors

Amateur Theatre

is used when practitioners do not rely on theatrical activity for thei livelihood; typically nonprofit, office tickets plus bonds, institutional subsidy, and other fundraising

Community Theatre

is used when practitioners do not rely on theatrical activity for thei livelihood; typically nonprofit, office tickets plus bonds, institutional subsidy, and other fundraising

Educational Theatre

may be extracurricular or integrated into classroom structure; elementary theatre is for developing student skills and widen interest, while college is for professional training

Non-profit Theatre

May be professional, but are not commercial; earn no money

Broadway Theatre

area of New York and the size of the house in New York commercial theatre

Off-Broadway Theatre

Commercial theatre in New York with fewer than 500 seats in Manhattan, not located in "Broadway District"; term from 1955

Off-Off Broadway Theatre

performers that occurred outside of the traditional theatre spaces of Broadway and Off - Broadway; term was coined in the 19060's in New York

Hybrid Theatre

theatres that do not fit into either the professional or amateur category; young performers use the word "semiprofessional" because they are in the middle but growing to profession

Empathy

Emotional identification; in theater it is a sense of participation, an Identification with character; occurs when you feel along with the characters

Aesthetic Distance

Psychological separation , or sense of detachment; recognizing that it is a theatrical event, not really happening

Catharsis

purging of emotions; emotional release; used to describe the audiences emotions at the end of the play; term used by Greek philosopher Aristotle

Alienation Effect

the use of nonrelated devices in theatre to create aesthetic distance; term used by Bertolt Brecht

Arena

Stage is completely surrounded by the audience; "Theatre in the round"

Proscenium

an actor/audience configuration in which the audience is on only one side of the performance area; all audience members face the same direction; also known as the proscenium theare

Thrust

stage is surrounded by three sides with audience

Black box

A flexible theatre space designed to be rearranged

Upstage

The area farthest from the audience; abbreviated U

Downstage

the stage area closest to the audience; abbreviated B

Wings

the areas on the right and left of the stage for actors, crew, and scenery not yet used in the performance

Vomitories

an entrance to elevated seating for the audience that runs underneath the audience and comes up to empty out into the seating area

Playwright

author of the play

Producer

handles business aspects of the show

Director

oversees the artistic aspects of the show

Casting Director

a specialist in finding actors for specific roles who assists the director in some professional productions

Scenic Designer

creates visual home for the play

Costume Designer

designs costumers for the show

Lighting Designer

helps establish mood, place, and intensity of light

Sound Designer

creates soundtrack (recorded or live)

Stage Manager

oversees the entire production crew, rehearsals and performance (business person in theatre)

Components of Production

Play with actor, Sets, Lights, Costumes, props

Front of House

theatre operations that deal directly with the audience (such as ticket sales and assistance in finding seats)

Actor

a person who embodies a character on the stage; Latin word actor meant "doer"

Chorus

a group of performs working together vocally and physically; interacted with and responded to actors; was an important element of ancient Greek theater

Mimesis

as defined by Aristotle, the artist's process of imitating character and action

Hypokrites

original Greek word for actor; literally translated "answerer"

Dithyramb

In ancient Greece, a choric presentation sung and danced in homage to the god Dionysus

Theatron

the audience seating area in the theatre of ancient Greece

Skene

In ancient Greece, a stage house upstage of the circular orchestra (source for words scene and scenery)

Orchestra

pit: where orchestra plays, house: first level of seating; Greek performance space, translated in to "dancing place"

Acropolis

the hill that's at the theater of Dionysus

Liturgical Drama

Plays that performed by the clergy in Latin as part of the worship service in Christian monasteries and cathedrals during the Middle ages

Mystery Plays

medieval plays bases on biblical stories; "Mesterie"

Cycles

Collections of medieval religious plays

Miracle Plays

medieval plays based on the lives of saints

Pageants

movable stages on wagons; of the medieval era

Morality Plays

allegorical religious plays about the human struggle with good and evil

Quem Quaeritis

oldest surviving liturgical drama; "Whom do you seek?"

Plato's attitude toward theatre

did not like theatre; he thought it is a corrupt society

Elements necessary for theatre to exist, according to Peter Brook

actor, audience, and space

Purpose of theatre, according to Horace

to teach and please

Aristotle

wrote the poetics; Catharsis

Plato

actors are presenting untruths

Peter Brook

Wrote "the Empty Space"

Bertolt Brecht

Alienation effect

Demosthenes

Greek Orator; public speaker

Aeschylus

Greek dramatists who wrote tragedy; added a 2nd actor

Sophocles

Greek dramatists who wrote tragedy; added a 3rd actor

Aristophanes

Greek dramatists who wrote Comedy

Euripides

Greek dramatists who wrote tragedy

Menander

Greek dramatists who wrote comedy; "The Groudge"

Thespis

First actor; started the introduction of dialog

Dionysus

Greek god of wine and futility

Terence

roman dramatists who wrote comedy

Plautus

roman dramatists who wrote comedy

Seneca

roman dramatists who wrote tragedy; work was most likely not performed

Osiris

left his body on earth to explore the afterworld; Egyptian god; the priest used theatrical events to honor him

Herodotus

Greek historian; were we got the records of theatrical events

Tertullian

that actors are sinful; he looked forward to seeing them burn in hell

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