American Gov: Chapter 4 Terms

20 terms by choxie630

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

this is the terms from "Magruder's American Government" Chapter 4: Federalism.

federalism

A system of government in which a written constitution divides power between a central gov. and several local governments.

division of powers

Basic principle of federalism, the constitutional provisions by which governmental powers are divided on a geographic basis (in the U.S between the National Gov. and the States)

delegated powers

Those powers, expressed, implied, or inherent, granted to the National Gov. by the Constitution.

expressed powers

those delegated powers of the National Gov. that are spelled out, expressly, in the Constitution (i.e: enumerated powers)

implied powers

Those delegated powers of the National Gov. that are suggested by the expressed powers.

inherent powers

Powers the Constitution is presumed to have delegated to the National Gov. because it is the government of a sovereign state within the world community.

reserved powers

Those powers that the Constitution does not grant to the National Gov. and does not, at the same time, deny to the states.

exclusive powers

those powers that can be exercised by the National Gov. alone.

concurrent powers

those powers that both the National Gov. and the States possess and exercise.

enabling act

A congressional act directing the people of a U.S territory to frame a proposed State constitution as a step towards admission to the Union.

act of admission

A congressional act admitting a new State to the Union

grants-in-aid program

Grants of federal money or other resources to States, cities, counties, and other local units.

revenue sharing

Form of federal monetary and under which Congress gave a share of federal tax revenue, with virtually no restrictions, to the States, cities, countries, and townships.

categorical grant

One type of federal grants-in-aid ; made for some specific, closely defined, purpose.

block grant

One type of federal grants-in-aid for some particular but broadly defied area of public policy.

project grant

One type of federal grants-in-aid; made for specific projects to States, localities, and private agencies who apply for them.

interstate compact

Formal agreement entered into with the consent of Congress, between or among States, or between a State and a foreign state.

Full Faith and Credit Clause

Constitution's requirement that each State accept the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other State.

extradition

The legal process by which a fugitive from justice in one State is returned to that State.

Privileges and Immunities Clause

Constitution's stipulation (Article IV, Sect. 2) that all citizens are entitles to certain "privileges and immunities," regardless of their State of residence; no State can draw unreasonable distinctions between its own residents and those persons who happen to live in other States.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set