5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Anaerobic Respiration (2)
- Population (1)
- Biosphere (1)
- Terrestrial (1)
- Soil Horizons (1)
- a All the organisms which belong to the same species and live in the same geographical area (ex. human population, plant population, and animal populations).
- b A way for an organism to produce usable energy in the form of ATP without the presence of Oxygen (ex. glucose + 3NO3- + 3H2O 6HCO3- + 3NH4+, ΔG0' = -1796 kJ) (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anaerobic_respiration#Examples_of_anaerobic_respiration).
- c An animal that lives predominantly or entirely on land which evolved from marine animals (ex. cats, dogs, giraffes).
- d Specific layer in the land area that is parallel to the soil surface that possesses physical characteristics which differ from the layer above and beneath (ex. alluvium, sand dunes, and volcanic ash).
- e The global sum of all the ecosystems together, often referred to as the "zone of life of earth" (sig. Thought to evolved from through a process of biogenesis or biopoesis over 3.5 billion ago).
5 Multiple choice questions
- A natural body consisting of layers of mineral constitutes of variable thickness, which differ from the parent material in their physical, chemical, and mineralogical characteristics (ex. differs from its parent rock in the lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere).
- An organism that produces complex organic compounds from simple inorganic molecules using energy from light (ex. plants and trees).
- The combined mass of water found on, under, and above the planet Earth (ex. the total mass of the Earth's hydrosphere is about 1.4 x 10^18 tons).
- Climatically and geographically defined as similar climatic conditions on earth and often referred to as "ecosystems" (ex. Tundra, tropical rain forest, and Taiga).
- The total amount of productivity in a region or a system (ex. total amount of Co2 that is fixed by a plant within photosynthesis).
5 True/False questions
Aquatic Life Zone (1) → Zones under the water where aquatic life is present which can be characterized by aquatic ecosystems (ex. marine ecosystem and freshwater ecosystem).
Ecotone (1) → Organisms that break down dead or decaying organisms that carry out of the process of decomposition (ex. fungi and worms).
Percolation (3) → The movement and filtering of fluids through porous materials (ex. coffee percolation, the solvent being water, permeable substances being coffee grounds, and soluble constitutes are the objects that give coffee taste and color).
Hydrologic Cycle (1) → The process by which nitrogen is converted between ammonia acids (sig. Scientists use the nitrogen cycle to determine the total amount of Nitrogen on Earth, which amounts to about 79%).
Permeability (1) → A measure of the ability of a porous material to transmit fluids (sig. Determines the flow characteristics of hydrocarbons in oil and gas reservoirs).