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Paleolithic Age

also known as the old stone age it was the earliest period in human history, hunter and getherers

Africa

where earliest humans are believed to have lived

migration

moving from one place to another not all of the continents were settled at the same time

hunting and gethering

before farming, the way men got food

Neolithic Revolution

the change from hunting and gathering to herding and farming

continent

seven main land masses of the Earth

region

a man made geographical classification that divides the earthi into parts

latitude

measures distance north or south o the equator

longitude

meausres distance east or west of the Prime Meridian

equator

0 degrees latitude, divides the north and south

Prime Meridian

0 degrees longitude, divides the east and west

international dateline

180 degrees longitude, where one day changes to the next

hemispheres

half of the earth

cultural diffusion

the mixing or joining together of different customs, often creates a new culture

cultural diversity

different cultures living together but not mixing or etting along

name the eight elements of culture

society, art, geography, languange, religion, economy, politics, and customs

society

types of people in a culture

art

the way a culture expresses their ideas

geography

the land, location and natural resources of a culture

language

communication system of cultures

religion

organized beliefs and rituals of a group

economy

the way you get the things you need

politics

government and laws of a culture

customs

traditions of a culture

decades

10 years

centuries

100 years

bc

before christ

ad

anos domini "in the year of the lord"

ce

common era

bce

represents common era

australopicathines

"southern ape" a simple toolmaker with an opposable thumb

homo sapiens

wise human beings

two groups

homo sapiens sapiens and neanderthals

neanderthals

adapted to cold climates

civilization

highly organized community with advaced elements of culture

writing

using symbols to represent ideas

organized trade

trade within a culture and other cultures through accepted nouns

urban setting

many related people living together in one large planned community

specialized occupations

people who take on one specific job for the good of the community

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