a form of goverment in which power is in the hands of representatives and leaders elected by the people.
the central area in which Rome developed.
a member of the wealthy, privileged upper class in ancient Rome.
a city located in Italy founded in 753 B.C. by Romulus and Remus
Latins, Greeks, Etruscans
three groups of people that settled in the Italian peninsula from 1000 to 500 B.C.
one of the common farmers and merchants who made up most of the population in ancient Rome.
an official elected by the plebeians to protect their rights.
one of the two powerful officials elected each year to command the army and direct the goverment
the supreme governing body originally made up only or aristocrats.
a political leader given absolute power to make laws
were roman soliders organized into large military units
were smaller groups of legions made up of about 80 soliders
located in Northern Africa, it became the dominant city in the Mediterranean region around 260 B.C.
a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage lasting from 264 B.C. to 146 B.C.
a brillant military strategist who led the Carthaginians against Rome around 216 B.C.
leader of the Roman who defeated Hannibal in 202 B.C.
Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus
two brothers whose deaths triggered a civil war in Rome around 120 B.C.
became very popular with the people of Rome. He was appointed dictator of Rome in 46 B.C.
was Caesar's political rival
a ruler who has total power
Marcus Brutus and Gaius Cassius
two Roman senators responisble for the death of Caesar on March 15, 44 B.C.
the Roman word meaning 15th
Caesar's adopted son who defeated Mark Anthony for title of ruler of Rome after Caesar's death
Octavian's rival enemy
wife of Mark Anthony
a period of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman Empire lasting from 27 B.C. to 180 A.D.
one of the professional fighters who engaged in battles to the death in public areas.