# K. Jubilag

### 49 terms by CrimsonCharcoal

#### Study  only

Flashcards Flashcards

Scatter Scatter

Scatter Scatter

## Create a new folder

Unit 2: Population

### Demography

The study of human populations

### Census

An official count of a population after set periods of time (ten years)

### Population density

The umber of people in a particular area

### Arithmetic density

(population density) a type of population density; total number of people divided by total land area

### Physiologic density

A type of population density; total umber of people divided by the number of arable (farmable) land

### Population composition

Structure of a population in terms of age, sex and other properties such as marital status and education

### Age-sex pyramid

Pyramid/graph that shows the percentages of each age group for both males and females

### Crude birth rate

(CBR) number of live births per year per thousand people in a year

### Crude death rate

(CDR) number of deaths per year per thousand people in year

### Infant mortality

number of infant deaths per thousand live births

### Total fertility rate

(TFR) number of children born to women of reproduction age

### Demographic transition

(cycle) change in a population from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates

### Doubling time

The number of years it takes for a country to double in population

### Exponential growth

Type of growth where the more it is added, the faster it grows

### Linear growth

Type of growth with a constant fixed rate of growth

### Natural increase

The difference between the number of births and the number of deaths during a certain period

### Population explosion

The rapid growth of the world's human population during the past century

### Stationary population level

(SPL) the level at which a national population ceases to grow

### Absolute direction

A compass direction like north or south

### Relative direction

Directions such as left, right, forward, backward, up, and down

### Absolute distance

The distance between two points usually measured in miles or kilometers

### Relative distance

Distance not measured in linear terms such as miles or kilometers but in cost and time

### Push factors

Negative conditions that force someone to leave their home and move

### Pull factors

Positive conditions that attract people to new locations

### Activity space

(action) space within which daily activity occurs

### Cyclic movement

Movement among a definite set of places

### Seasonal movement

A form of cyclic movement; involves moving because of a change in season

### Migration

Process of permanently moving from your home and to another region

### Emigration

Process of people exiting or leaving a region

### Forced migration

(involuntary) when migrants are pushed from their land

### Voluntary migration

When migrants have an option of whether or not to move

### Internal migration

Movement within a country, not outside a country

### External migration

Movement outside a country

### Interregional migration

Moving from one region in the country to another region

### Step migration

Migration to a long distance location that is achieved in a series of small steps

### Counter migration

The return of migrants to the regions from which they are from

### Intervening opportunity

The presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly lessens the attractiveness of sites farther away

### Distance decay

The interaction between two places declines as the distance increases

### Refugee

A migrant fleeing some form of persecution or abuse

### Temporary refugees

Refugees staying in a host country/region while waiting for resettlement.

### Permanent refugees

Refugees who have been greatly integrated into the host country/region and are thus seen as long-term visitors.

### International refugees

Refugees that flee their country and move to another country

### Intranational refugees

Refugees that abandon their homes but still stay in their country to escape persecution

### Immigration laws

Laws and regulations of a state designed specifically to control immigration into the state

### Eugenic population policy

Government policy designed to favor one race over another

### Expansive population policy

Government policy that encourages large families and raises the rate of population growth

### Restrictive population policy

Government policy designed to reduce the rate of natural increase

### Negative population growth

The actual decline in population due to less than replacement births or extensive diseases

Example: