a system instituted in the 18th century by Carolus Linnaeus; Genus (the first name) to which the species belongs to, while the 2nd word is the specific epithet is unique for each species
common ancestory is the primary criterion used to classify organisms , biologists place species into groups called clades which includes an ancestral species and all of its descendants
arrangement of organisms by physical similarities, which reflected historical and evolutionary relationships
a branching tree that can represent the evolutionary history of a group of organism
the evolutionary history of a species or a group of species// Field of biology that deals with the relationships between organisms. It included the discovery of these relationships and the study of the causes behind this patten.
a discipline focused on classifying organisms and determining their evolutionary relationships --- dvided into phylogenetics and taxonomy
a named taxonomic unit at any given level of classification
the science of describing, naming and classifying organisms