My 45-92 Group terms

33 terms by Rachellesmith7 

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Anwar Sadat

Former President of Egypt (1st Arab leader to recognize and make peace with Israel) He was assassinated Oct. 6 1981 for making peace with Israel.

Bob Woodward

one of the two investigative reporter for Washington Post helped uncover the Watergate scandal that led to U.S. President Richard Nixon's resignation

Carl Bernstein

Washington Post reporter who dug up Watergate (Bob Woodward's co-worker)

Charles Manson

He was a serial killer/cult leader who murdered many people, including Sharon Tate. He was sentenced the death penalty, but his sentence was changed to life in prison after Furman v. Georgia, brainwashes alot of youg girls, wants to start a race war, whites vs. blacks, so he can create his own society, starting a murder spree in California

Douglas Macarthur

(1880-1964), U.S. general. Commander of U.S. (later Allied) forces in the southwestern Pacific during World War II, he accepted Japan's surrender in 1945 and administered the ensuing Allied occupation. He was in charge of UN forces in Korea 1950-51, before being forced to relinquish command by President Truman., American general, who commanded allied troops in the Pacific during World War II.

Dwight Eisenhower

34th U.S. President. 1953-1961. Republican United States general who supervised the invasion of Normandy, Casablanca and the defeat of Nazi Germany,

Fidel Castro

Communist leader of Cuba, Cuban socialist leader who overthrew dictator Batista in 1959 and established a Marxist socialist state in Cuba

Francis Gary Powers

American pilot shot down in his U-2 spy plane, captured and convicted of spying. under Eisenhower administration.

Gerald Ford

(1974-1977), Solely elected by a vote from Congress. He pardoned Nixon of all crimes that he may have committed. Evacuated nearly 500,000 Americans and South Vietnamese from Vietnam, closing the war. We are heading toward rapid inflation. He runs again and debates Jimmy Carter. At the debate he is asked how he would handle the communists in eastern Europe and he said there were none and this apparently sealed his fate.

Harry Truman

33rd President of the United States. Led the U.S. to victory in WWII making the ultimate decision to use atomic weapons for the first time. Shaped U.S. foreign policy regarding the Soviet Union after the war., Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb

Henry Kissinger

The main negotiator of the peace treaty with the North Vietnamese; secretary of state during Nixon's presidency (1970s).
Awarded 1973 Nobel Peace Prize for helping to end Vietnam War and withdrawing American forces. Heavily involved in South American politics as National Security Advisor and Secretary of State. Condoned covert tactics to prevent communism and facism from spreading throughout South America.,

Ho Chi Minh

1950s and 60s; communist leader of North Vietnam; used geurilla warfare to fight anti-comunist, American-funded attacks under the Truman Doctrine; brilliant strategy drew out war and made it unwinnable and he guided Vietnam through warfare to emerge as a Communist Nation.

Jack Ruby

Killed Lee Harvey Oswald on live tv November 24, 1963(Night Club Owner)

James Earl Ray

Hired by unidentified people to assassinate Martin Luther King, Jr. He shot and killed King on the balcony of his hotel in Memphis, Tennessee on April 4, 1968. He was captured two months later in London and sentenced 99 years in jail.

James Meredith

He was a civil rights advocate who spurred a riot at the University of Mississippi. The riot was caused by angry whites who did not want Meredith to register at the university. The result was forced government action, showing that segregation was no longer government policy.

John Dean

Scape goat in water scandal, Testified against Nixon as well as other cabinet members in the Watergate hearings. Helped lead to the removal of several White House officials and the resignation of Nixon, Presidential advisor to Nixon from 1970 to 1973, told the first big evidence against Pres. Nixon

John F. Kennedy

1960; Democrat President; Cold War: Bay of Pigs, Cuban Missile Crisis; established the Peace Corps, domestic program called the "New Frontier," promoted civil rights, major supporter of the space program; assassintated by Lee Harvey Oswald in 1963

John Glenn

1962: first American to orbit the Earth, made three orbits

Jonas Salk

American doctor who invented the polio vaccine in 1953. Polio crippled and killed millions worldwide, and the successful vaccine virtually eliminated the scourage.

Joseph McCarthy

1950s; Wisconsin senator claimed to have list of communists in American gov't, but no credible evidence; took advantage of fears of communism post WWII to become incredibly influential; "McCarthyism" was the fearful accusation of any dissenters of being communists

Joseph Stalin

Communist dictator of the Soviet Union, Bolshevik revolutionary, head of the Soviet Communists after 1924, and dictator of the Soviet Union from 1928 to 1953. He led the Soviet Union with an iron fist, using Five-Year Plans to increase industrial production and terror to crush opposition

Lee Harvey Oswald

On November 22, 1963, he assassinated President Kennedy who was riding downtown Dallas, Texas. Oswald was later shot in front of television cameras by Jack Ruby. but he was never convicted

Leonid Breshnev

this leader of the Soviet Union signed two SALT Treaties, (1906-1982)General Secretary of the Communist Party. 1964-82. He presided over a period of stagnation and, with Richard Nixon, initiated detente (relaxation of tensions) between East and West.

Lyndon Johnson

1963-1969, Democrat , signed the civil rights act of 1964 into law and the voting rights act of 1965. he had a war on poverty in his agenda. in an attempt to win, he set a few goals, including the great society, the economic opportunity act, and other programs that provided food stamps and welfare to needy famillies. he also created a department of housing and urban development. his most important legislation was probably medicare and medicaid.

Mao Tse-Tung

Chinese Communist Leader., (1893-1976) Leader of the Communist Party in China that overthrew Jiang Jieshi and the Nationalists. Established China as the People's Republic of China and ruled from 1949 until 1976.

Martin Luther King

U.S. Baptist minister and civil rights leader. A noted orator, he opposed discrimination against blacks by organizing nonviolent resistance and peaceful mass demonstrations. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. Nobel Peace Prize (1964)

Neil Armstrong

1st person to walk on the moon; U.S. Apollo 11; July, 1969; his famous words - "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."

Nikita Khrushchev

Leader of the USSR during the Cuban Missile Crisis, Aggressive Soviet leader whose failed gamble of putting missiles in Cuba cost him his job

Richard Nixon

1968 and 1972; Republican; Vietnam: advocated "Vietnamization" (replace US troops with Vietnamese), but also bombed Cambodia/Laos, created a "credibility gap," Paris Peace Accords ended direct US involvement; economy-took US off gold standard (currency valued by strength of economy); created the Environmental Protection Agency, was president during first moon landing; SALT I and new policy of detente between US and Soviet Union; Watergate scandal: became first and only president to resign

Robert Kennedy

He was a Democrat who ran for president in 1968 promoting civil rights and other equality based ideals. He was ultimately assassinated in 1968, leaving Nixon to take the presidency but instilling hope in many Americans.

Sirhan Sirhan

Assassinated Robert Kennedy on June 6, 1968 in Chicago after hearing pro-Israeli remarks in his victory statement after having won the California primaries.

William Calley

a lieutenant who's unit began shooting and killing unarmed civilians at My Lai. he later maintained that he was following orders, but many of the soldiers present did not participate in the massacre.

Yuri Gagarin

1st man in space. Soviet cosmonaut who in 1961 was the first person to travel in space (1934-1968)

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