eyelid furrows which are short and broken, extending horizontally on the palpebrae themselves and which may fan from both the medial and lateral corners of the eyes.
a small, flat brush having soft hairs of uniform length.
a soft restorative wax, usually tinted, used to surface the mucous membranes or to correct lip separations.
a fluid colorant in which pigments are dissolved or suspended.
a quick-drying fluid adhesive.
a part or projection, more or less-rounded; e.g. the inferior part of the ear or the projection of the nose overlying the lower lateral cartilages.
a single noose-like structure, not pulled taut before knotting, which stands from the skin and which anchors restorative materials.
a red-purple or purplish-red (e.g. a product of red and blue illumination projected on the same area).
those requiring a long period of time, are extensive, require advanced technical skill and expressed written consent to perform.
the cosmetic material; the process of application of a cosmetic.
the horseshoe-shaped bone forming the inferior jaw.
Small oval depression on the zygomatic process of the temporal bone into which the condyle of the mandible articulates. anterior to external auditory meatus Forms TMJ.
jaw protrusion of the inferior jaw.
The furrow beneath the jawline, which rises vertically on the cheek; an acquired facial feature.
a stitch used to hold the mouth closed; placed behind the lips, one part is passed through around the inferior jaw at the median plane, while the other part extends through the nasal septum or the superior frenulum.
the boundaries or edges.
a cosmetic preparation used to darken the eyelashes.
anything that hides or conceals as cosmetics.
a soft, white, oily preparation used as a protective coating for external tissues; a base for cream cosmetics and a wax softener; an emollient.
muscles of mastication which close the mandible.
the rounded projection on the inferior portion of the temporal bones just posterior to the lobe of the ear.
having a dull finish; created by the application of loose powder, lac of sheen.
a paired bone with several processes that form the skeletal base of most of the superior face, roof of the mouth, sides of the nasal cavity, and floor of the orbit.
superior jaw protrudes.
nearer to the midline; opposite of lateral direction.
tiny prominence on the midline of the superior mucous membrane.
situated or placed in the middle of the body dividing it into the right and left halves.
restorative wax or derma surgery wax.
the brown or black-brown pigment in the epidermis and hair.
a triangular projection on the inferior portion of the anterior mandible.
the muscle which elevates and protrudes the lower lip, wrinkles the skin over the chin.
a nasal classification which is medium broad and medium low bridged; common to individuals of Asian descent.
those requiring a minimum effort, skill, or time to complete.
composition of two or more substances that are chemically bound to each other.
constructing a form with a pliable material such as wax or clay.
variations of one hue; tints, tones, and shades of one hue.
to diversify with spots or blotches of a different color (or shade).
a device used in the mouth for shaping the contour of the lips.
the visible red surfaces of the lips; the lining membrane of body cavities which communicate with the exterior.
a stitch used to hold the mouth closed; placed behind the lips; part is passed through the muscles tangent to the inferior jaw (while the other part extends through either the nasal septum or the superior frenulum).
to reduce the intensity of a color by the addition of another color.
disfigured by a loss of a natural part by force.
directly inferior to the glabella and form a dome over the superior portion of the nasal cavity.
the orifice in the bony face bounded by the margins of the nasal bones and the maxilla.
Nasal spine of the maxilla
the sharp, bony projection located medially at the inferior margin of the nasal cavity.
The angular area between the posterior margins of the wing of the nose and the nasolabial fold; a natural facial marking.
the furrow lying medial and adjacent to the nasolabial fold; an acquired facial marking.
the concavity superior and medial to the inner corner of the eye.
Natural facial markings
those that are present at birth, hereditary.
areas of color in the tissues normally darker than the adjacent areas.
an instrument used to impel specially designed metal pins (with wire attached to each pin) into bone. Normal use would be as mouth closures.
a new and abnormal formation of tissue, as a tumor or growth.
a birthmark; a congenital skin blemish; any congenital anomaly, including various types of birthmarks and all types of moles.
the most common characteristics of each feature; typical, common, average.
a relatively deep indentation, usually between two projections.
slanting or inclined, neither perpendicular nor horizontal.
Oblique palpebral sulcus
The shallow curving groove inferior to the medial corner of the eyelids, a natural face marking.
a frontal head form in which the head is long and narrow throughout.
lowest part of the back and base of the cranium, forming a cradle for the brain.
the prominence at the center of the external surface of the occipital bone.
(epicranius) the muscle that draws the scalp posteriorly and inferiorly and raises the eyebrows.
a coloring medium in which the pigments are combined with a petroleum product.
a yellow-tan of medium value with a greenish tinge.
the state of being opaque.
not transparent or translucent; not allowing light to pass through a concealing cosmetic.
Optic facial sulci
crows feet; the furrows radiating from the lateral corner of the eye; acquired facial markings.
the mouth; the orifice containing the teeth and tongue.
the hue obtained from the mixture of red and yellow; a secondary color or pigments.
the muscle that closes the eyelids; compresses the lacrimal sacs.
the muscle that closes and puckers the lips.
the bony region containing the eyeball; the orbital cavity
bags under the eyes; the fullness between the inferior palpebrae and the oblique palpebral sulcus.
the entrance or outlet of any body cavity; an opening.
the attachment of a muscle which moves least when the muscle contracts; the beginning.
an adornment or embellishment; a cosmetic material manufactured for street wear, the technique of cosmetic application to beautify the face.
a frontal head form in which the head is generally egg-shaped, with the cranium slightly wider than the jaws; most common geometric head form.
a coloring modified by an overlying color; a color which visibly predominates more than general coloring; a wash.
one of the bones forming the posterior part of the hard palate and lateral nasal wall between the interior pterygoid plate of the sphenoid bone and the maxilla.
singular: palpebra; , two movable flaps of skin which cover and uncover each eyeball
two bones that form the roof and part of the sides of the skull.
the rounded peak of the eternal convexity of the parietal bones; determines the widest part of the cranium.
a soft, moist opaque cosmetic with the consistency of dough and bound together with the aid of gum, starch, and water. If oils and fats are present, water is absent.
Patch of hair
a group of hairs of uniform length applied simultaneously as a method of hair replacement.
see disease (that's what the page said and couldn't find disease on my glossary list)
wounds that cause a puncture of the skin, a cavity, or an organ.
Perpendicular plate of the ethmoid bone
superior portion of the bony nasal septum.
a semi-solid mixture of hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum.
an antiseptic/disinfectant employed to dry moist tissues and to bleach discolored tissues. (carbolic acid)
the vertical groove located medially on the superior lip; a natural facial marking.
the study of the structures and surface markings of the face and features.
a coloring matter which can be applied to an object, when combined withb some type of vehicle.
a powder (usually composed of dry, pulverized pigments and talcum) employed as a cosmetic material.
the Prang system; the basis for mortuary cosmetology.
the external structure of the ear.
surfaces having very little curvature.
Plaster of Paris
calcium sulfate; a white powdery substance which forms a quick-setting paste when mixed with water.
a nasal classification which is short and broad and has the minimum of projection; common to individuals of African descent.
thin layer of muscle covering the anterior aspect of the neck.
The transverse dipping furrows of the neck; an acquired facial marking.
a small ball, cylinder, or tuft often made of cotton.
any device as cotton, cloth, wood, etc. used to fill or close an opening.
Point of entry
for hypodermic injection, a place (usually invisible) at which access to inner positions may be had.
minute depressions in the surface of the skin, as in the openings of the swear glands.
treatments of a restorative nature performed after the embalming operation.
position of direction; toward the back.
any solid substance in the state of fine, loose particles as produced by crushing or grinding.
a device used to blow powder onto a surface.
a device containing hairs or bristles set in a handle; used to apply and/or remove powder.
a soft, circular pad for applying powder.
treatments of a restorative nature performed before the embalming operation.
one of three pigmentary hues (red, yellow, and blue) which can be combined to make all other hues; in light color theory the hues red, blue, and green can be combined to make all other hues.
the muscle that draws the skin of the forehead inferiorly.
a photograph or painting in which the subject has been posed and lighted flatteringly by a professional photographer or artist.
the side view of the human head.
projection of the jaw(s) beyond the projection of the forehead.
the act of throwing forward; a part extending beyond the level of its surroundings.
an artificial device used to replace a limb, appendage, or other body part.
the relationships of the size of one feature as compared with another feature or with the width or length of the face.
the rounded, anterior projection of the tip of the nose.
the state or condition of being thrust forward or projecting.
a soft, circular pas for applying powder.
a hole or wound resulting from piercing.
a color between blue and red; a secondary hue of pigments.
Purse string suture
a suture made around the circumference of a circular opening or puncture to close it or to hold the margins in place.
a secretion from inflamed tissues; usually an opaque, creamy colored matter.
a small elevation of the skin with an inflamed base, containing pus.
an apparently solid structure having a square base and four triangular sides which meet at a central point.
Quadratus labii superioris
the large muscle from the cheekbone and lower rim of the eye-socket which raises the upper lip.
energy traveling through space in the form of electromagnetic waves of various lengths.
to spread out from a common point.
the vertical portion of the mandible.
a dark, purplish-red color.
a comb with a long, thin handle employed in curling hair.
a darkened, air-dried area on the skin resulting from removal of the epidermis while shaving.
a type of surface formed by the withdrawal of a part from its normal position.
a four-sided figure having four right angles.
to diminish in size, mass, or projection.
the return of light waves from surfaces; the bending or folding back of a part upon itself.
to lay at rest.
the care of the deceased to recreate natural form and color.
medium restorative wax - derma surgery wax.
a nose which is turned up superiorly at its tip; a concave nasal profile.
the border, edge, or margin of a thing, usually of a circular or curving form, as the rim of the eye socket.
the narrow superficial band of muscle which pulls the angle of the mouth laterally.
Rods of the eye
the long, rod-shaped sensory bodies of the retina of the eye responsive to light but not color.
the aquiline profile of the nose.
the apex (top) of the pyramidal mass of the nose which lies directly inferior to the forehead; the concave dip inferior to the forehead (profile view).
(infantine) a frontal head form in which the head exhibits maximum curvature; e.g. infantile.
acronym for the spectrum of light (red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet)
red complexion; having a healthy reddish color, said of the complexion, more vivid than florid.
a yellowish, sickly color of the complexion.
a visual aspect indicating the vividness of the hue in the degree of difference from a gray of the same lightness.
a crust over a healing sore or wound.
fossa between the inner and outer rims of the ear; the shallowest depression of the ear.
a bright red color inclining toward orange.
a quick-drying material which leaves a hard, thin transparent coat or layer through which moisture cannot pass.
to cauterize tissues by heat or chemical in order to provide a dry foundation.
Second degree burn
those resulting in acute inflammation of the skin and blisters.
equal mixture of two primary light colors that will produce pigmentary hues (orange green and purple); a mixture of yellow, magenta, and cyan (green-blue).
almost opaque; not transparent or translucent.
vertical cartilage dividing nasal cavity into two chambers, responsible for asymmetry of the nose.
notched on the edge like a saw.
to have been cut off or broken apart; disjointed.
a hue into which various quantities of black are mixed; the darkened hue.
surfaces which do not lie at right angles to the source of illumination or are obscured by other surfaces and which reflect little or no light.
shine; as of the reflection of natural oils of the skin.
the growth of hair located anterior of the ears.
Sides of the nose
the lateral walls of the nose between the wings and the bridge.
fractured bone which does not pierce the skin.
to burn superficially as the hair which shows partial destruction from scorching heat.
separation of epidermis from dermis due to putrefaction (desquamation).
a substance (usually liquid) capable of, or used in, dissolving something.
a flat, blunt, knife-like instrument used for mixing cosmetics and modeling; a palette knife.
visible band; the original standard of color; the progressive arrangement of colors(ROYGBIV) seen when a beam of white light is broken down into its component colors.
an appliance as of wood, metal, etc. used to keep in place or protect a displaced or movable part.
a liquid cosmetic so compounded that it can be atomized to provide a means of application to a surface.
an elastic, porous mass of interlacing horny fibers which are permanently attached; remarkable for it's power of absorbing water and becoming soft when wet without losing its toughness.
the vertical surface of the temporal bone.
a frontal head form in which the head is broad and exhibits very little curvature; the forehead is wide and the angles of the mandible are usually low as well as wide; e.g. strong.
to discolor with foreign matter; an area so discolored.
any substances or agents which will cause an external discoloration to be removed or lessened.
used as a dusting powder and an absorbent; used to firm wax; e.g. cornstarch.
a muscle of the neck that is attached to the mastoid process of the temporal bone and by separate heads to the sternum and clavicle; marks the widest part of the neck.
A small, rounded, stiff brush, all bristles the same length, used to simulate pores on wax; stencil brush; could be used for cosmetic application.
Straight nasal profile
a nasal profile in which the dorsum exhibits a straight line from the root to the tip; the most common nasal profile; e.g. Grecian.
situated or occurring beneath the skin.
lowered in intensity or strength; reduced in fullness or color; muted.
describing those portions which lie immediately inferior to the mandible.
the junction of the base of the chin and the submandibular area, which may appear as a furrow; a natural facial marking.
method of diminishing the wave lengths of light by superimposing two or more color transparencies over the same light source; the light is gradually reduced by absorption of colors in the light.
a furrow, wrinkle, or groove.
situated as a depression; concave.
the inferior part of the forehead just superior to the median ends of the eyebrows.
(supercilia) superficial hairs covering the superciliary arches.
more elevated in place or position; higher; upper; anatomically towards the head.
Superior palpebral sulcus
the furrow of the superior border of the upper eyelid; an acquired facial marking.
region between the supercilium and the superior palpebrae.
the superior rim of the eye sockets.
a wax used to fill shallow depressions; which is softer and more pliable than wound filler.
a treatment for swelling by which subsurface tissues are removed (either in whole or in part) by excision.
restoration to a normal position or level through surgical excision.
a substance in which particles of ground pigments are mixed with a fluid but are un-dissolved.
to provide support for; to hold in a fixed position.
act of sewing; also the completed stitch.
a bit of cotton or cloth used for removing moisture or discharges from mucous membranes as well as for applying bleaches or liquid disinfectants.
dark-colored complexion, as a face made swarthy by the tropical sun.
correspondence in size, shape, and relative position of parts that are on opposite sides of the face.
a form which receded away from a given point; a form which becomes gradually smaller toward one end; to reduce gradually from the center.
inferior portion of the sides and base of the cranium, inferior to the parietal bones and anterior to the occipital bone.
the concave surface of the head overlying the temporal bone.
muscle of mastication which help to close the mandible (strongest chewing muscles)
property of holding fast; adhesiveness.
limit; end; the part which terminates.
the hue which results from the mixture of two secondary pigmentary hues or an unbalanced proportion of complements with the warm hue or cool hue predominating.
a brush with a relatively large tuft of good quality, fine bristles, such as black sable or finch; used to blend and stipple cosmetics or powder into the applied (cream) cosmetic, and clean out deposits impacted in pores.
Third degree burn
destruction of cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues; seared or charred tissue.
Three quarter view
in reference to a photograph, a view which reveals the fullness of the cheeks.
a hue into which various quantities of white are mixed.
a powder which is lightly colored with non-moisture absorbing pigments.
the extremity of anything which tapers (e.g. the tip of the nose; the termination of the forward projection of the nose).
a substance used to elevate sunken (emaciated) tissues to normal level by hypodermic injection.
a hue mixed with either a small quantity of gray the complement of the hue, resulting in dulling the hue.
a small wig or patch of false hair covering a bald spot; a hairpiece.
elevation protecting the ear passage (external auditory meatus)
transmitting light but causing sufficient diffusion to eliminate perception of distinct images; somewhat transparent.
having the property of transmitting rays of light through its substance so that bodies situated beyond or behind can be distinctly seen.
Transverse frontal sulci
furrows which cross the forehead; acquired facial markings.
a physical injury or wound caused by external force or violence.
a frontal head form in which the face is wider between the angles of the mandible than it is at the forehead; representing a triangle in shape; formed by three lines and having three angles (least common geometric head form).
depression between the crura of the ear; the second deepest depression of the ear.
a spontaneous new growth of tissue forming an abnormal mass.
in liquid, muddy with particles of extraneous matter, not clear or transparent.
invisible rays of the spectrum lying outside the violet end of the visible spectrum.
a coloring (opaque) applied to an area which, when dry, will be covered with wax or another colorant.
the angled cut of the borders of an excision, made so that the skin surface will overhang the deeper tissues.
a part which is, or will be, hidden from view.
the lightness or darkness of a hue.
changes in form, extent, etc.; things somewhat different from another of the same kind.
a material combined with pigments so they may be applied more easily.
the topmost part of the head.
perpendicular to the plane of the horizon; balanced.
one in which the forehead and the eyebrows project equally to a vertical line and the chin protrudes more than the upper lip.
one in which the forehead and the eyebrows project equally to a vertical line and the chin recedes from the projection of the upper lip.
one in which the forehead, upper lip, and chin project equally to an imaginary vertical line; e.g. balanced.
the semi-fluid, transparent substance which lies between the retina and lens of the eyeball.
brilliance; intensely bright color(s).
the degree of brilliance.
bone of the nasal cavity situated between the nasal passages on the median plane; it forms the inferior and posterior portion of the septum of the nose.
Warm color areas
areas of the skin surface which, during life, are naturally reddened; places where cosmetics will be applied to restored the appearance of warmth that red hemoglobin will give.
a color which appears in the spectral band, characterized by long wave-lengths; a color which makes an object appear closer and larger; a color which reflects warmth; i.e. red, orange, yellow, and other colors in which they are predominate.
a restorative modeling or surfacing material composed of beeswax, spermaceti, paraffin, starch, etc. and a coloring pigment which will soften at body temperature and will reflect light in a manner similar to normal skin.
the line of color change at the junction of the wet and dry portions of each mucous membrane.
the aspect of physical heaviness associated with different colors; i.e. warm, light, or grayed hues do not appear as heavy as cold, dark, or pure hues respectively; the size of the colored object will also create the illusion of greater or lesser weight.
the color of pure snow; the color reflecting to the eye of all the rays of the spectrum combined; the opposite of black; an achromatic color; a neutral color.
a ray of light which contains all the hues of the visible spectrum, in such proportion that the light appears colorless or "natural", as daylight or sunlight.
the dimension of an object measured across from side to side.
Wings of the nose
lateral lobes of the nose.
the length of wire employed to connect two structures which are undamaged such as remaining parts of a bone; a wire mesh placed within an aperture to hold other restorative fillers.
(firm wax) the most viscous type of wax; a putty-like material used to fill large cavities or model features
(inversion, draw stitch) a method of sewing an incision along the edges without entering the opening whereby the suture becomes invisible and the line of suture becomes depressed, which lends its ease of concealment by waxing.
(furrow) a crevice in the skin accompanied by adjacent elevations.
Processes on the temporal and zygomatic bones; determines the widest part of the face.
Zygomatic arch depression
One of the lesser concavities of the face located on the lateral portion of the cheek inferior to the zygomatic arch.
bones of the cheek
the lateral rim of the eye socket formed by a process of the frontal bone and a process of the zygomatic bone.
Muscle of the face which draws the superior lip posteriorly and superiorly.
Muscle of the face which draw the superior lip superiorly and anteriorly.